Chhatrapati Shahu occupied the throne of Kolhapur for 28 years, from 1894 to 1922, and during this period he initiated numerous social reforms in his empireShahu Maharaj is credited with doing much to further the lot of the lower castes and indeed this assessment is warranted.
The Panchganga River flows through the borders of Kolhapur. It starts from Prayag Sangam (Village: Chikhli, Taluka: Karveer, Dist:Kolhapur). The Panchganga is formed, as has been noted already, by four streams, the Kasari, the Kumbhi, the Tulsi and the Bhogawati.
In 1689, Sambhaji was captured, tortured and executed by the Mughals, and succeeded by his brother Rajaram I. ==Early life==Italic text. Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj was born at Purandar fort to Saibai, Shivaji's first wife. His mother died when he was two years old and he was raised by his paternal grandmother Jijabai.
ABOUT ICHALKARANJI . Geography: A Town Ichalkaranji is located in Kolhapur district in Western Maharashtra, India, on the bank Panchaganga River. The town is situated on the eastern region of Sahyadri Mountains, between 16.7° N and 74.47° E and has an average elevation of 538 meters (1768 feet It falls under the Time Zone of IST +5:30).