Syria (الجمهوريّة العربيّة السّوريّة the Syrian Arab Republic) is one of the larger states of the Middle East and has its capital in Damascus.
Tartus. Tartus is a city on the Mediterranean coast of Syria. Tartus is the second largest port city in Syria, and the largest city in Tartus Governorate. The population is 115,769 (2004 census). It borders Latakia to the north and Homs to the east and south. The native language in Tartus is Syrian Arabic.