Tulcán is the capital of the Carchi province with a population of about 53,000 people. The town is situated north of Ecuador and lies 3000 meters above the mean sea level near the border with Colombia. Tulcán is an interesting town with narrow, long streets and many different attractions to visit and enjoy.
Ecuador's high poverty and income inequality most affect indigenous, mixed race, and rural populations. The government has increased its social spending to ameliorate these problems, but critics question the efficiency and implementation of its national development plan.
La placa ubicada hacia el Norte: “Monumento erigido a la Libertad por el Ejército de la V Zona Militar”; en el centro se encuentra el Escudo Nacional y al pie de la placa lo siguiente: “Batallón Constitución Nº 8 y Zapadores Nº 2 – Como recuerdo a los hijos del Carchi – Tulcán, Enero 6 de 1919”.
Cuenca, capital of the province of Azuay, is located in the sierra of the Andes in the Austro or southern region of Ecuador. It is approximately nine hours south of Quito and four hours east of Guayaquil. The city ranges from 2,350 to 2,550 metres (7,710 to 8,370 feet) above sea level.