Andorra claims a literacy rate of 100 percent.
Andorra consists of seven communities known as parishes.
Francoist troops reached the Andorran border in the later stages of the war.
Responsibility for defending Andorra rests with Spain and France.
Two writers renowned in Catalonia and the region, Michиle Gazier and Ramon Villerу, both come from Andorra.
Andorra had a stable population during the Roman era.
The only two graduate schools in Andorra are the Nursing School and the School of Computer Science.
Andorra's main legislative body is the 28-member unicameral General Council of the Valleys.
Andorra's climate is similar to its neighbors' temperate climates, but its higher altitude means there is on average more snow in winter and it is slightly cooler in summer.
Andorra declared war on Imperial Germany during World War I but did not actually take part in the fighting.
The Andorran elite wear well-known international brands, and have access to luxury Rolls-Royce, Mercedes Benz, Audi, and BMW cars.
Andorra lacks a currency of its own and uses that of its two surrounding nations.
The seat of the Andorran parliament is a sixteenth-century palace-fortress built in stone.
Parties in 2007 included the Andorran Democratic Center Party or CDA (formerly Democratic Party or PD), Century 21, the Liberal Party of Andorra or PLA, and the Social Democratic Party.
On July 12, 1934, an adventurer named Boris Skossyreff issued a proclamation in Urgell, declaring himself Boris I, sovereign prince of Andorra, simultaneously declaring war on the bishop of Urgell.
Marriages between Andorrans and Spaniards or French are normal, and couples tend to marry within their class.
The name "Andorra" is of unknown origin but (according to Joan Coromines) clearly pre-Roman.
The Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley is a glacial valley in the southeast of Andorra.
Temperatures at Andorra la Vella range from an average of around 30°F (-1°C) in January and 68°F (20°C) in July.
In 1933 France occupied Andorra as a result of social unrest before elections.
The isolated valley is recognized as a haven for rare or endangered wildlife, and the undeveloped valley is considered to be the "spiritual heart" of Andorra.
From 1936 to 1940, a French detachment was garrisoned in Andorra to prevent influences of the Spanish Civil War and Franco's Spain.
A system of French, Spanish and Andorran lay schools provide education up to the secondary level.
The most important event in Andorran cultural life is the Escaldes-Engordany international jazz festival, where stars such as Miles Davis, Fats Domino and B.B.
Most of the other 15 or so subspecies of the common raccoon differ only slightly from each other in coat color, size, and other physical characteristics.
The parishes are: Andorra la Vella, Canillo, Encamp, Escaldes-Engordany, La Massana, Ordino, and Sant Juliа de Lтria.
After Henry of Navarre became King Henry IV of France, he issued an edict (1607) that established the head of the French state and the Bishop of Urgell as co-princes of Andorra.
An estimated nine million tourists visit annually, attracted by Andorra's duty-free status and by its summer and winter resorts.
Andorran folk music has similarities to all of its neighbors, but is especially Catalan in character, especially in the presence of dances like the sardana.
Andorra's comparative advantage has recently eroded as the economies of adjoining France and Spain have been opened up, providing broader availability of goods and lower tariffs.
Other Andorran folk dances include contrapаs in Andorra la Vella and Saint Anne's dance in Escaldes-Engordany.
Andorra has a number of ski resorts, and competes in tennis and in the Olympic Games.
Antoni Fiter i Rossell, from the parish of Ordino, wrote a history entitled Digest manual de las valls neutras de Andorra in 1748, describing the feudal historical and legal setting of Andorra.
Schools are built and maintained by Andorran authorities, but teachers are paid predominately by France or Spain.
Andorra was part of a buffer states created by Charlemagne to keep the Islamic Moors from advancing into Christian France.
About 50 percent of Andorran children attend the French primary schools, and the rest attend Spanish or Andorran schools.
Courts apply the customary laws of Andorra, supplemented with Roman law and customary Catalan law.
Andorra is home to folk dances like the contrapаs and marratxa, which survive in Sant Juliа de Lтria especially.
Andorra, officially the Principality of Andorra, is one of the smallest states in Europe.
Before 1993, Andorra's political system had no clear division of powers into executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
The capital Andorra la Vella, with a population of 22,035 in 2004, is located high in the east Pyrenees between France and Spain.
A constitution was ratified and approved in 1993 which establishes Andorra as a sovereign parliamentary democracy that retains as its heads of state a co-principality (or duumvirate), but the head of government retains executive power.
Andorra has a Chamber Orchestra directed by the violinist Gйrard Claret, and stages an international singing contest supported by Montserrat Caballй.
Tradition holds that Charlemagne (747-814) granted a charter to the Andorran people in return for their fighting the Moors.
Tourism, the mainstay of Andorra's tiny, well-to-do economy, accounts for roughly 80 percent of GDP.
Andorra's young democracy is in the process of redefining its political party system.
The most famous Andorran player is Albert Celades who has played for both FC Barcelona and Real Madrid.
In 2004, Andorra participated in the Eurovision Song Contest for the first time.
The cuisine of Andorra is based on meat, garden vegetables, and some fish.
Andorra is a member of the EU Customs Union and is treated as an European Union member for trade in manufactured goods (no tariffs) and as a non-EU member for agricultural products.
Andorra was also annexed and made part of the district of Puigcerdа (dйpartement of Sиgre).
Later, the Count of Foix became heir to the Lord of Caboet through marriage, and a dispute arose between the French Count and the Catalan bishop over Andorra.
Andorra's long history has provided it with a rich folklore and an abundance of folk tales, with roots originating as far as Andalusia in the south and the Netherlands in the north.
Andorra has a "mountain style" of architecture which required 30 percent of any facade be constructed of stone masonry.
Andorran society, with its strong rural origins, maintained segregated gender roles until the late twentieth century, with men taking all public roles.
Andorra was a new country in international football (soccer) in 2007, and the national team had existed for less than ten years.
Andorra was briefly annexed to Aragon twice, in 1396 and 1512.