Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the country's second largest city after ?stanbul.
Esenbo?a International Airport, located in the north of the city, is the main airport of Ankara.
Ankara is situated upon a steep and rocky hill, which rises 500 ft. above the plain on the left bank of the Enguri Su, a tributary of the Sakarya (Sangarius) river.
Under Roman rule, Ankara was a gateway to the east for Rome, and as such was well developed, achieving the status of "city-state" or polis.
After his death at Babylon in 323 and the subsequent division of his empire among his generals, Ankara and its environs came under the dominion of Antigonus.
Some of Turkey’s largest construction companies are based in Ankara, as are important defense industries such as the joint Turkish-American venture TUSA? Aerospace Industries, Incorporated.
In 278 B.C.E., Ankara was occupied by the Gaulish people of Galatia, who were the first to make Ankara their capital.
Centrally located in Anatolia, Ankara is an important commercial and industrial city.
Ankara is known for the multitude of universities to which it is home.
After Ankara became the capital of the newly founded Republic, the city was divided into an old section, called Ulus, and a new section, called Yeni?ehir.
Ankara was held by the Byzantines until the end of the twelfth century, when it passed out of Byzantine control forever.
A rival Turkic leader, Timur Lenk, besieged Ankara as part of his campaign in Anatolia, but in 1403 Ankara was again under Ottoman control.
At the height of European colonialism in the nineteenth century, Portugal had lost its territory in South America and all but a few bases in Asia.
The leader of the Turkish nationalists, Kemal Atatьrk, established the headquarters of his resistance movement in Ankara in 1919.
The central train station "Ankara Gar?" of Turkish Republic Railways (Turkish: Tьrkiye Cumhuriyeti Devlet Demiryollar?, TCDD) is an important hub connecting the western and eastern parts of the country.
Ankara's premier museum is the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations (Anadolu Medeniyetleri Mьzesi).
Ankara Intercity Bus Terminal (Turkish: Ankara ?ehirleraras? Terminal ??letmesi, A?T?) is an important part of the bus network which covers every neighborhood in the city.
The city was the center of an Ankara Province in the later years of the empire.
Roman Ankara was a city of some importance, and several significant Roman structures remain, including a Roman theater, Temple of Augustus, Roman bath and the Column of Julian.
Ankara has many parks and open spaces mainly established in the early years of the Republic which have been well maintained and expanded thereafter.
Ankara also serves as the capital of the Province of Ankara.
In 333 B.C.E., Alexander came from Gordium to Ankara.
The Ankara Citadel (Ankara Kalesi) is the oldest part of the city, and rests on a hill 978 meters high.