Much of what is known about Archimedes comes from the prefaces to his works and from stories related by Plutarch, Livy and other ancient historiographers.

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Plutarch’s biography of a Roman soldier, Marcellus, who captured Syracuse in 212 B.C.E., also tells us that Archimedes was related to King Hieron II of Syracuse.

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Plutarch recounts how Archimedes’ war machines defended Syracuse against Roman attackers during the Second Punic War.

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The story of Archimedes discovering buoyancy while sitting in his bathtub is described in Book 9 of De architectura by Vitruvius.

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Archimedes is considered by most historians of mathematics as one of the greatest mathematicians of all time.

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Archimedes is probably also the first mathematical physicist on record, and the best until Galileo and Newton.

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To what extent Archimedes’ version of integral calculus was correct is debatable.

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Numerous references to Archimedes in the works of ancient writers are concerned more with Archimedes’ inventions, particularly those machines which were used as engines of war, than with his discoveries in mathematics.

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King Hiero II, who was rumored to be Archimedes' uncle, commissioned him to design and fabricate a new class of ships for his navy.

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Archimedes also invented the field of statics, enunciated the law of the lever, the law of equilibrium of fluids, and the law of buoyancy.

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Archimedes was born in the seaport colony of Syracuse, Magna Graecia (now Sicily), around 287 B.C.E.

Archimedes apparently studied mathematics in Alexandria, but lived most of his life in Syracuse.

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Archimedes became well-known for his involvement in the defense of Syracuse, Italy against the Roman attack during the Second Punic War.

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Plutarch also gives three accounts of the death of Archimedes at the hands of the Roman soldiers.

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Archimedes only became widely known as a mathematician after Eutocius brought out editions of some of his works, with commentaries, in the sixth century C.E.

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The dedication of The Sand Reckoner to Gelon, the son of King Hieron, is evidence that Archimedes was close to the family of King Hieron II.

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The preface to The Sand Reckoner tells us that Archimedes’ father, Phidias, was an astronomer.

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Archimedes also gave a quite different proof of nearly the same proposition by a method using infinitesimals (see "Archimedes' use of infinitesimals").

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Pappus of Alexandria writes that Archimedes had written a practical book on the construction of such spheres entitled On Sphere-Making.

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Archimedes was born in the city of Syracuse on the island of Sicily in 287 BC. He was the son of an astronomer and mathematician named Phidias. Aside from that, very little is known about the early life of Archimedes or his family.

Archimedes was born in 287 B.C. in Syracuse, a Greek seaport. Syracuse is located in Sicily. Archimedes's father, Phidias, was an astronomer. A lot of Archimedes's works were lost or burnt so we do not know who Archimedes's mother was, the number of brothers and sisters he had, and if he was married or not.

The achievements of Archimedes are quite outstanding. He is considered by most historians of mathematics as one of the greatest mathematicians of all time. He perfected a methods of integration which allowed him to find areas, volumes, surface areas, and centers of mass of many geometrical objects.

The discovery of the displacement of water in the bath tub led into hydrostatics. He also did work in integral calculus and work on pi. King Hiero came to Archimedes to get help in developing weapons to fight the Roman general Marcellus, who attacked Syracuse by both land and sea.

Archimedes, (born c. 287 bce, Syracuse, Sicily [Italy]—died 212/211 bce, Syracuse), the most-famous mathematician and inventor in ancient Greece. Archimedes is especially important for his discovery of the relation between the surface and volume of a sphere and its circumscribing cylinder.Feb 8, 2018

Archimedes was born in Syracuse on the eastern coast of Sicily and educated in Alexandria in Egypt. ... He is most famous for discovering the law of hydrostatics, sometimes known as 'Archimedes' principle', stating that a body immersed in fluid loses weight equal to the weight of the amount of fluid it displaces.

Archimedes, the greatest mathematician of antiquity, made his greatest contributions in geometry. His methods anticipated the integral calculus 2,000 years before Newton and Leibniz. He was the son of the astronomer Phidias and was close to King Hieron and his son Gelon, for whom he served for many years.Feb 19, 1997