During this civil war, the Spaniard Francisco Pizarro crossed his path, and by sheer luck, captured Atahualpa and used him to control the Inca empire.
Pizarro staged a mock trial and found Atahualpa guilty of revolting against the Spanish, practicing idolatry and murdering Huбscar, his own brother.
Atahualpa's handling of the Spanish invasion notwithstanding, his actions leading up to the time of the invasion did contribute to the fall of the empire.
The Spanish then imprisoned Atahualpa in the Temple of the Sun.
On the death of their father, Huayna Capac, and their older brother, Ninan Cuyochi, who had been the heir apparent, the empire was divided between the two surviving brothers, Huбscar and Atahualpa.
In Atahualpa's case, there were less than 200 Spaniards and 1000 Native allies, it is easy to understand why Atahualpa did not immediately sense the threat.
According to Spanish law, Atahualpa’s refusal of the "requirement" allowed the Spanish to officially declare war on the Inca people.
Atahualpa could not believe the Spanish intended to take control of his kingdom.
Huascar got the major part of it, containing the capital Cusco, and Atahualpa the northern parts, including Quito, his mother's family's ancestral home.
Atahualpa or Atawallpa (c. 1502 – 1533) was the 13th, and last, emperor of the Tahuantinsuyo, or Inca empire.
Atahualpa refused the Spanish presence in his land by saying he would "be no man's tributary."
Atahualpa agreed to be baptized under Christian faith.
The Spanish envoys returned to Pizarro, who prepared a surprise attack against Atahualpa's army in what became the Battle of Cajamarca on November 16, 1532.
Outnumbered and in fear of an imminent attack from the Inca general Rumiсahui, the Spanish saw Atahualpa as too much of a liability and after several months decided to execute him.
When Atahualpa coldly asked the priest Valverde by what authority he and his people could say such things, Valverde offered him a Bible, saying that the authority derived from the words in it.
Atahualpa fled from captivity with the help of a small girl, and united himself with the generals Chalicuchima and Quizquiz.
Friar Vicente de Valverde, who had earlier offered the Bible to Atahualpa, intervened again, telling Atahualpa that if he agreed to convert to Christianity he would convince the rest to commute the sentence.
Huascar, who controlled the major part of the empire, invaded the north with a great army and soon captured Atahualpa.
Atahualpa had stopped in the city of Cajamarca in the Andes with his army of 80,000 troops on his way to the south and Cusco to claim his throne.