Austria lost most of the economically developed Silesia to Prussia.
Austria has 44 percent of its area under forests.
Famous contemporary Austrian playwrights and novelists include Elfriede Jelinek and Peter Handke.
Austrians had an average life expectancy at birth of 79.21 years (76.32 years for males and 82.26 years for females) in 2007.
Typical Austrian dishes include Wiener Schnitzel, Schweinsbraten, Kaiserschmarren, Knцdel, Sachertorte and Tafelspitz.
Northern Austria is the location of the main watershed between the Black Sea and the North Sea.
Austria pledged to remain independent for at least 20 years.
Austrian foreign minister Gyula Andrбssy (1823-1890), adopted a policy of friendship with the German Empire, which was founded in 1871.
Austria accepts compulsory International Court of Justice jurisdiction.
Andrбssy said that Austria-Hungary would not interfere in German internal affairs, while Germany backed Austro-Hungarian attempts to limit Russian influence in south-eastern Europe.
Buddhism, which was legally recognized as a religion in Austria in 1983, enjoys widespread acceptance and has a following of 20,000 (10,402 at the 2001 census).
A focus of Austrian science has always been medicine and psychology, starting in medieval times with Paracelsus.
Austria was drawn into the Investiture Controversy, a struggle for control of the church in Germany, between Pope Gregory VII and King Henry IV from 1075.
Austrian cuisine is known primarily in the rest of the world for its pastries and sweets.
The Austrian Trade Union Federation (ЦGB) comprises constituent unions with a total membership of about 1.5 million—more than half the country's wage and salary earners.
The Austrian Republic started as a disorganized state of about seven million people, minus the industrial areas of Bohemia and Moravia, and without the large internal market created by the union with Hungary.
On May 15, 1955, Austria regained full independence by concluding the Austrian State Treaty with the Four Occupying Powers.
Parts of Austria are located in the Alps which makes it a prime location for skiing.
In 1438, Duke Albert V of Austria was chosen as the successor to his father-in-law, Emperor Sigismund.
In 1960, Austria signed the pact establishing the European Free Trade Association.
Austria (particularly Vienna) also has an old tradition in football, even though, since World War II, the sport has more or less been in decline.
The annexation of Austria was enforced by military invasion but large parts of the Austrian population were in favor of the Nazi regime, many Austrians would participate in its crimes.
The greater part of Austria lies in the cool/temperate climate zone in which humid westerly winds predominate.
From then, these estates or diets were to play an important political role in Austria.
In 1972, Austria signed a free trade agreement with the European Economic Community.
On October 26, 1955, Austria was declared "permanently neutral" by act of Parliament, which it remains to this day.
The Social Democratic Party of Austria, which pursued a fairly left-wing course known as Austromarxism at that time, could count on a secure majority in "Red Vienna," while right-wing parties controlled all other states.
Leopold III (1095–1136) married Holy Roman Emperor Henry V's sister Agnes, and during his rule, Austrian common law was first mentioned.
The Austrian People's Party, which advocates conservative financial policies and privatization of much of Austria's nationalized industry and finds support from farmers, large and small business owners, and lay Catholic groups, took 34.33 percent.
Austria was the cradle of numerous scientists with international reputations.
Two of the most famous Austrian palaces are the Belvedere and Schцnbrunn.
The defeat at Kцniggrдtz in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 resulted in Austria's exclusion from Germany; the German Confederation was dissolved.
The service sector generates the vast majority of Austria's GDP.
Austria, in general, was treated like it had been originally invaded by Germany and liberated by the Allies.
Most Austrians consider it women's work to do household chores, cook, and care for children.
During the following centuries, Bavarian settlers went down the Danube and up the Alps, a process through which Austria was to become the mostly German-speaking country it is today.
At the time, the real ruler of Austria became the League, through its commissioner in Vienna.
The first march, covering approximately the territory that would become Austria, was the Eastern March (marchia orientalis), established by Charlemagne in the late eighth century against the Avars.
Socialist leader Bruno Kreisky (1911-1990) was appointed chancellor and formed the first Austrian all-Socialist Cabinet, supported by the Freedom Party.
German-speaking Austrians, by far the country's largest group, form roughly 90 percent of Austria's population.
A federal republic, Austria is divided into nine states.
Austria emerged from the Congress of Vienna as one of three of the continent's dominant powers (together with Russia and Prussia).
Among religions in Austria, Roman Catholic Christianity is the predominant one, with 73.6 percent of the population counted as adherents, according to the 2001 census.
Austria, called the Ostmark (Eastern March) until 1942 when it was renamed Alpen-Donau-Reichsgaue, was divided into seven administrative districts under the authority of the German Third Reich.
Important for Austria's economy is tourism, both winter and summer tourism.
Austria was ruled by the Habsburgs for the next 640 years.
Still fully functional, it is now part of the Austrian Southern Railway.
Culture in the territory of what is today Austria can be traced back to around 1050 B.C.E.
In 1402, there was another split in the Leopoldinian line, when Ernest the Iron (1377-1424) took Inner Austria (Styria, Carinthia and Carniola) and Frederick IV (1382-1439) became ruler of Tyrol and Further Austria.
Despite a conciliatory reply, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on July 28.
Ever since the end of the World War II, Austria has achieved sustained economic growth.
Austria became a member of the European Union in 1995 and retained its constitutional neutrality, like some other EU members, such as Sweden.
In 1957, Austria became involved in a dispute with Italy over the status of Austrians in the South Tirol, which had been under Italian rule since 1919.
The governing body for football in Austria is the Austrian Football Association.
Austrian folk dancing is mostly associated with Schuhplattler, Lдndler, Polka or Waltz.
The communists (KPЦ), who had hardly any support in the Austrian electorate, remained in the coalition until 1950 and in parliament until 1959.
The two largest leading parties, the Christian-conservative Austrian People's Party (ЦVP) and the Social Democratic Party (SPЦ) remained in a coalition led by the ЦVP until 1966.
The Austrian university system had been open to any student who passed the Matura examination until 2006, when legislation allowed the introduction of entrance exams for studies such as Medicine.
The monarchy began to disintegrate, Emperor Franz Joseph I died in 1916, and was succeeded by his grand-nephew, Karl of Austria (1887-1922).
Austria has a well-developed social market economy, similar in structure toGermany's.
The first traces of human settlement in the lands that became Austria date from the Lower Paleolithic Period (early Stone Age), about 2.5 million years ago.
The Austrian People’s Party won 85 of the National Assembly's 165 seats, the Socialists won 76 seats, and the Communists won four seats.
The Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I, a Habsburg from the Austrian line, claimed these lands for his son Joseph I.
Most Austrian territory drains to the Danube River.
Between 1918 and 1919, Austria, with most of the German-speaking parts, was officially known as the Republic of German Austria (Republik Deutschцsterreich).
An initially successful Austro-Prussian invasion of France faltered when the French forces drove the invaders back across the border and, during the winter of 1794-1795, conquered the Austrian Netherlands.
The origins of modern Austria date back to the ninth century, when the countryside of upper and lower Austria became increasingly populated.
Normal mixes of rubidium are radioactive enough to fog photographic film in approximately 30 to 60 days.
Austria would benefit from the Marshall Plan but economic recovery was very slow - as a result of the State's ten-year political overseeing by the Allied Powers.
During his notable but short rule, Rudolf IV (1358-1365) proclaimed the indivisibility of Habsburg hereditary possessions, which corresponded roughly to the modern republic of Austria.
In 2004, Austria spent about 0.9 percent of its GDP on defense.
In 1156, the Privilegium Minus elevated Austria to the status of a duchy.
The 1956 popular song by George Melachrino, "Mrs. Santa Claus," helped standardize and establish the character and role in the popular imagination.
The Austrian Cup has been held since 1913.
The Austrian half of the dual monarchy began to move towards constitutionalism.
The Anschluss (annexation) was accomplished when German troops occupied Austria on March 12, who met celebrating crowds.
In 1920, the modern Constitution of Austria was enacted, creating a federal state, with a bicameral legislature and a democratic suffrage.
During this period, now known as Grьnderzeit, Austria became an industrialized country, even though the Alpine regions remained characterized by agriculture.
The war had shattered Austrian industry, disrupted transport, and the people had suffered, especially from starvation.
In 1878, Austria-Hungary occupied Bosnia and Herzegovina, which had been cut off from the rest of the Ottoman Empire by the creation of new states in the Balkans.
Austria went from being a major European power, to being a small country.
The first significant literature in German appeared in Austria in the form of epic poems and songs around 1200.
The Austrian School of Economics, which is prominent as one of the main competitive directions for economic theory is related to Austrian economists Joseph Schumpeter, Eugen von Bцhm-Bawerk, Ludwig von Mises, and Friedrich Hayek.
Austria is the leading nation in the Alpine Skiing World Cup (consistently winning the largest number of points of all countries) and also strong in many other winter sports such as ski jumping.
Austria and the other Habsburg hereditary provinces (and Hungary and Bohemia, as well) were much affected by the Reformation, the separation of Protestant denominations from the Catholic Church that started in 1517.
The first official world chess champion, Wilhelm Steinitz was from the Austrian Empire.
The territory was annexed in 1907 and put under joint rule by the governments of both Austria and Hungary.
In 1879, Germany and Austria-Hungary signed a formal alliance, which, with the addition of Italy in 1882, became known as the Triple Alliance.
Austrian culture has largely been influenced by its neighbors, Italy, Germany, Hungary and Bohemia.
The Austrian Cuisine is therefore one of the most multi and transcultural cuisines in Europe.
One of Austria's oldest cathedrals is the Minoritenkirche in Vienna.
Austria may be divided into three unequal geographical areas.
Austria has also produced one notable jazz musician, keyboardist Josef Zawinul who helped pioneer electronic influences in jazz as well as being a notable composer in his own right.
Austria (German: Цsterreich) (Цsterreich ?), officially the Republic of Austria (German: Republik Цsterreich), is a small, predominantly mountainous country located in Central Europe, approximately between Germany, Italy and Hungary.
Austria produces more than half of its electricity by hydropower.
The Austrian championship (originally only limited to Vienna, as there were no professional teams elsewhere), has been held since 1912.
Vienna is Austria's primary city, and had a population of about 1.7 million (2.3 million within the metropolitan area) in 2007.
Following the successful defense of Vienna in 1683, a series of campaigns resulted in the return of all of Hungary to Austrian control by the Treaty of Carlowitz in 1699.
The long reign of Leopold I (1657-1705) saw the culmination of the Austrian conflict with the Turks.
About 6.5 million Czechs living in Bohemia, Moravia, and Austrian Silesia made up the largest, and most restless minority.
Austria's government structure is surprisingly similar to that of incomparably larger federal republics such as Germany or the United States.
The commissioner was a Dutchman not formally part of the Austrian government.
Many of the battle scenes in the Iliad feature bit characters who are quickly slain.
The baroque-style Belvedere palace was built in the period 1714–1723, by Prince Eugene of Savoy, and now is home to the Austrian Gallery.
The Greens took 11.05 percent, the Freedom Party of Austria the Greens took 11.04 percent, and the Alliance for the Future of Austria took 4.11 percent.
Austria's constitution characterizes the republic as a federation consisting of nine autonomous federal states.
Austria is famous for its castles, palaces, and cemeteries, among other architectural works.
Austrian men, especially among older and rural families, are still considered the head of the family.
Austria's national ice hockey team ranks 13th in the world.
The Austrian federal states of Carinthia and Styria are home to a significant (indigenous) Slovenian minority with around 14,000 members.
During the Baroque period, Slavic and Hungarian folk forms influenced Austrian music.
Austria's performance in the war was distinctly unimpressive, and the expense involved led to further resistance.
Austrian politics were characterized by intense and sometimes violent conflict between left and right from 1920 onwards.
Albert Schweitzer developed this thesis in his classic Quest of the Historical Jesus (English translation, 1910).
So-called guest workers (Gastarbeiter) and their descendants, as well as refugees from Yugoslav wars and other conflicts, also form an important minority group in Austria.
The first record showing the name Austria is 996 were it is written as Ostarrоchi, referring to the territory of the Babenberg March.
The Hungarian government separated from Austria on November 3, the day Austria and Hungary each signed an armistice with the Allies.
Austria was greatly affected by the Protestant reformation, to the point where a majority of the population was eventually Protestant.
Austrians are a homogeneous people, although four decades of strong immigration have significantly altered the composition of the population of Austria.
Hallstatt in Austria gave its name to a culture that lasted from 1200 B.C.E.
Other noteworthy Austrian-born йmigrйs include the management thinker Peter Drucker and the 38th Governor of California, Arnold Schwarzenegger.
Many of Boston's major medical facilities are associated with universities.
Largely owing to Karl Renner's action on April 27th in setting up a Provisional Government, the Austrian Government had the right to legislate and to administer the laws.
Charles V combined under his rule Habsburg hereditary lands in Austria, the Low Countries, and Spain and its possessions—a huge territory which was impossible for one monarch to rule.
In 1815 the German Confederation, (German) Deutscher Bund was founded under the presidency of Austria, with Austria and Prussia the leading powers.
Austria has a long tradition of engaging in UN-led peacekeeping and other humanitarian missions.
Austria was home to psychologists Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, Paul Watzlawick and Hans Asperger and psychiatrist Viktor Frankl.
Around 20,000 Hungarians and 30,000 Croatians live in the east-most Bundesland, Burgenland (formerly part of the Hungarian half of Austria-Hungary).
To appease Hungarian nationalism, Franz Joseph made a deal with Hungarian nobles, which led to the creation of Austria-Hungary through the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867.
The treaty prohibited unification of Austria and Germany, denied Austria the right to own or manufacture nuclear weapons or guided missiles, and obliged Austria to give the USSR part of its crude oil output.
Austrian women work outside the home less frequently than women in other European countries, and women tend to be under-represented in business and the professions.
Austrian literature can be divided into two main divisions, namely the period up until the mid twentieth century, and the period subsequent, after both the Austro-Hungarian and German empires were gone.
Austria has numerous lakes, many a legacy of glacial erosion.
In 1520, Emperor Charles V (1500–1558) left Habsburg hereditary territories in Austria and part of Germany to the rule of his brother, Ferdinand (1503–1564).
Germany has historically been the main trading partner of Austria, making it vulnerable to rapid changes in the German economy.
Austria's cuisine is derived from the cuisine of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
The remaining number of Austria's people are of non-Austrian descent, many from surrounding countries, especially from the former East Bloc nations.
The main branches of the Austrian Armed Forces ("Bundesheer") are Joint Forces which consist of Land Forces, Air Forces, International Missions, and Special Forces; next to Mission Support and Command Support.
An old Austrian family lineage and inherited wealth remain symbols of status in Austrian culture.
The marchia orientalis, that was to become the core territory of Austria, was given to Leopold of Babenberg (d. 994) in 976 after the revolt of Henry II, Duke of Bavaria.
After opposition from the Austrians, the Treaty of Rheinfelden in 1283 provided that Duke Albert should be the sole ruler.
Austria came briefly under the rule of the Czech King Otakar II (1253–1278), who controlled the duchies of Austria, Styria and Carinthia.
The second section of this law stated that "in all future times Austria will not join any military alliances and will not permit the establishment of any foreign military bases on her territory."
The influx of Eastern Europeans, especially from the former Yugoslav nations, Albania and particularly from Turkey largely contributed to a substantial Muslim minority in Austria—around 300,000 are registered as members of various Muslim communities.
Friedensreich Regentag Dunkelbunt Hundertwasser, an Austrian painter, and sculptor, was by the end of the terntieth century was arguably the best-known contemporary Austrian artist.
The people of Austria enjoy a high standard of living.
An OECD report criticized the Austrian education system for the low number of students attending universities and the overall low number of academics compared to other OECD countries.
Stift Melk is a Benedictine abbey in the federal state of Lower Austria, overlooking the Danube as it flows through the Wachau valley.
Under the control of Metternich, the Austrian Empire entered a period of censorship and a police state in the period between 1815 and 1848.
Complementing its status as a land of artists, Austria has always been a country of great poets, writers, and novelists.
From 791 to 796, Charlemagne led a number of attacks against the Avars, making them resettle to the eastern part of lower Austria, where they were presumably assimilated into the local population.
Austrian literature is the German language literature written in Austria.
In 2007, larger contingents of Austrian forces were deployed in Bosnia, Kosovo and, since 1974, on the Golan Heights.
Austria's current national anthem was chosen after World War II to replace the traditional Austrian anthem by Joseph Haydn.
One of the most common brands of beer to be found in Austria is Stiegl, founded in 1492.
Austria then became the Austrian Empire, a part of the German Confederation until the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, which Austria lost and was subsequently excluded from German affairs. In 1867 Austria formed with Hungary as a dual monarchy the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1867–1918).
The most popular meats in Austria are beef, pork, chicken, turkey and goose. The prominent Wiener Schnitzel is traditionally made of veal. Pork in particular is used extensively, with many dishes using offal and parts such as the snout and trotters.
The Communist Party of Austria (German: Kommunistische Partei Österreichs, KPÖ) is a communist party in Austria. Established in 1918 as the Communist Party of German-Austria (KPDÖ), it is one of the world's oldest Communist parties. ... It played an important role in the Austrian resistance against the Nazis.
Yes, they speak English. Here the details: The national language in Austria is German. ... The only differences are accent and some vocabulary – much like the case with British and American English (though Germany and Austria use the same spelling).Feb 4, 2016
In 1938 Nazi Germany annexed Austria in the Anschluss. This lasted until the end of World War II in 1945, after which Germany was occupied by the Allies and Austria's former democratic constitution was restored. In 1955, the Austrian State Treaty re-established Austria as a sovereign state, ending the occupation.
The Allies included Britain, France, Russia, Italy and the United States. These countries fought against the Central Powers which included Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. Archduke Ferdinand, of Austria-Hungary, was assassinated by a Serb on June 28, 1914.