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Facts about Avalanche

Avalanche

Some victims are buried partially or shallowly and can be located quickly by making a visual scan of the avalanche debris and pulling out any clothing or equipment found.

Avalanche

Consequently, it is vital that everyone surviving an avalanche is used in an immediate search and rescue operation, rather than waiting for help to arrive.

Avalanche

When an avalanche stops, the deceleration normally compresses the snow to a hard mass.

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Avalanche

When considering any of theses devices, one should consider that if the group does not recover the avalanche victim within 15 minutes, the chance of survival rapidly decreases.

Avalanche

Other rescue devices are proposed, developed and used, such as avalanche balls, vests and airbags, based on statistics that most deaths are due to suffocation.

Avalanche

Victims caught in an avalanche are advised to try to ski or board toward the side of the avalanche until they fall, then to jettison their equipment and attempt swimming motions.

Avalanche

Determining the critical load that would trigger an avalanche is a complex task involving evaluation of many factors.

Avalanche

Avalanche prediction is difficult even with detailed weather reports and core samples from the snowpack.

Avalanche

Explosives are used extensively to prevent avalanches, especially at ski resorts where other methods are often impractical.

Avalanche

When there is a sufficient density of trees, they can greatly reduce the strength of avalanches.

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Avalanche

Occasionally, mounds of earth are placed in the avalanche's path to slow it down.

Avalanche

Good avalanche safety is a continuous process, including route selection and examination of the snowpack, weather conditions, and human factors.

Avalanche

Witnesses to an avalanche that engulfs people are frequently limited to those in the party involved in the avalanche.

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Avalanche

Finally, there are barriers that stop or deflect avalanches with their weight and strength.

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Avalanche

Select likely burial areas and search them, listening for beeps (or voices), expanding to other areas of the avalanche, always looking and listening for other clues (movement, equipment, body parts).

Avalanche

Avoid contaminating the scent of the avalanche area with urine, food, spit, blood, etc, in case search dogs arrive.

Avalanche

An avalanche is one of the major dangers faced in the mountains.

Avalanche

Avalanches require a buried weak layer (or instability) and an overlying slab.

Avalanche

Avoid traveling below others who might trigger an avalanche.

Avalanche

Artificial barriers can be very effective in reducing avalanche damage.

Avalanche

Most avalanches happen during or soon after a storm.

Avalanche

Unfortunately relations between easily observable properties of snow layers (strength, grain size, grain type, temperature) and avalanche danger are complex and not yet fully understood.

Avalanche

Avalanches occur when the load on the upper layers of snow, rock, or other material exceeds the bonding forces of the material, including support from anchors such as rocks and trees.

Avalanche

Using an avalanche cord is the oldest form of equipment—mainly used before beacons became available.

Avalanche

The structure of the snowpack determines avalanche danger.

Avalanche

Once the avalanche has stopped, and there is no danger of secondary slides, these points should be marked with objects for reference.

Avalanche

A large avalanche can run for many miles, and can create massive destruction of the lower forest and anything else in its path.

Avalanche

Observe the terrain and note obvious avalanche paths where vegetation is missing or damaged, where there are few surface anchors, and below cornices or ice formations.

Avalanche

Trees can either be planted or they can be conserved, such as in the building of a ski resort, to reduce the strength of avalanches.

Avalanche

An avalanche is a huge, rapid slide of snow, ice, rock, or soil down a mountainside.

Avalanche

Chances of a buried victim being found alive and rescued are increased when everyone in a group is carrying and using standard avalanche equipment, and have trained in how to use it.

Avalanche

When a mixture of materials falls, it is called a debris avalanche.

Avalanche

Beacons—known as "beepers," peeps (pieps), ARVAs (Appareil de Recherche de Victimes en Avalanche, in French), LVS (Lawinen-Verschьtteten-Suchgerдt, Swiss German), avalanche transceivers, or various other trade names, are important for every member of the party.

Avalanche

During World War I, over 60,000 soldiers died in the Alps as a result of avalanches, many of which were caused by artillery fire.

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