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Facts about Bangladesh

Bangladesh

Bangladesh's alluvial soil is highly fertile but vulnerable to both flood and drought.

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Bangladesh's political history then became one of coup following coup.

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The word is thought to have come from Gangahrd (land with the Ganges at its heart), referring to an area in present-day Bangladesh.

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Apart from very small countries or city-states such as Singapore, Bangladesh is the most crowded country in the world.

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Bangladesh

Analysts say a higher, sustained growth path is required to alleviate poverty, given the Philippines' high annual population growth rate and unequal distribution of income.

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Rahman later became the president of Bangladesh, but he and most of his family were massacred by a group of disgruntled army officers in 1975.

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Islam was given a state funeral as Bangladesh's poet laureate; though a Muslim, he loved Hindu literature and his poetry embraced all people.

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Most Bangladeshis (about 83 percent) are Muslims, but Hindus constitute a sizable (16 percent) minority.

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Despite sustained domestic and international efforts to improve economic and demographic prospects, Bangladesh remains an underdeveloped, overpopulated, and ill-governed nation.

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The first university in what is present-day Bangladesh was founded as a result of a political concession.

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Before Sheikh Rahman's arrest by the Pakistani government, he made a formal and official declaration of independence of the People's Republic of Bangladesh in March 1971.

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Bangladesh

Early Bangladeshi literature, which dates back over a thousand years, was in the form of song and poetry followed by translations of popular Hindu scriptures.

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Jute, a natural fiber used to make cloth, rope, and bags, is Bangladesh's major cash crop in foreign-exchange earnings.

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Bangladesh's rank among the most densely populated countries in the world is largely attributable to the fertile Ganges Delta and the monsoon rains that are the nation's lifeline.

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Using one available criterion for determining the stability of a democracy (at least two peaceful changes of power), Bangladesh qualifies as a democratic state.

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Bangladesh is host to approximately 250,000 Muslim refugees from neighboring Myanmar, where they face persecution.

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Education in Bangladesh is highly subsidized by the national government, which operates many schools and colleges at several levels as well as many of the country's 22 public universities.

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Bangladesh is situated in the geographic region named the Ganges Delta (also known as the Ganges-Brahmaputra River Delta).

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Another popular, almost iconic, literary figure in Bangladesh is the Christian writer, Michael Madhusudan Datta (1824-1873), a poet, novelist, and playwright, who believed in the ability of literature to bridge religious differences.

Bangladesh

Bangladesh's first private, non-religiously affiliated university is Dhaka's North-South University, founded in 1993 and increasingly popular with the upper-middle classes.

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Most of Bangladesh's iconic figures sought unity rather than division, preferring to regard humanity as one, not fragmented.

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Following the Hindu attack on the Babri Masjid (Mosque) in Ayodhia (India) in 1992, a backlash occurred against Hindus in Bangladesh.

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Kabadi is the national game of Bangladesh, but is played mainly in rural areas and involves tagging opponents and holding one's breath rather than a ball.

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The garments sector has developed a comprehensive network of businesses in Bangladesh, including yarn, labels, accessories, fabrics, and ready-made garments, and employs almost 40 percent of the country's female population.

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Bangladeshis of Muslim, Hindu, Christian, and animist faith struggled together in the liberation war.

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Bangladesh is ethnically homogenous, with Bengalis comprising 98 percent of the population.

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The movement for a free Bangladesh (motivated by feelings of exploitation by West Pakistan) brought Bengalis together in a truly remarkable cross-faith endeavor around what in large measure is a common culture.

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Just as this refugee problem is little known outside Bangladesh, so is the country's participation in the U.N.'s peacekeeping activities.

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The country has a rich cultural heritage that unites Bangladeshis across religious and ethnic divides in pride over their language, poetry, and drama.

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When Bangladesh gained independence, the original constitution was secular since culture, not religion, was the state's raison d'etre, while Pakistan's had been religion.

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The People's Republic of Bangladesh lies in a corner of South Asia and in the eastern part of the ancient region of Bengal.

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India withdrew its troops from Bangladesh within three months of the war's end.

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Advanced civilization in what is now Bangladesh, once the eastern part of a greater region called Bengal, is believed to date back to the first millennium B.C.E.

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The large influx of shoppers belies the notion that Bangladesh's economy is stagnant and also reveals the growth of the country's middle class.

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Floods and cyclones have helped make Bangladeshis a tolerant and resilient people, who also have a large diaspora in Europe and North America, for whom what is called the "myth of return" never quite dies.

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The creation of Bangladesh, in contrast to that of Pakistan from which it seceded, coalesced around language and culture rather than religion.

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Natural calamities, such as floods, tropical cyclones, tornadoes, and tidal bores affect Bangladesh almost every year, combined with the effects of deforestation, soil degradation, and erosion.

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Having provided 51,000 "soldiers" in 26 countries, Bangladesh is one of the U.N.'s top peacekeepers for the world, with at least 70 having died in the line of duty.

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The most popular food in Bangladesh is illish, or hilsa fish, caught throughout the Ganges Delta.

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Khaleda Zia of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party, founded by her late husband, Ziaur Rahman, is the current prime minister of Bangladesh and served formerly in the same position (1994-1996).

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Between 2002 and 2005, a number of terrorist atrocities were committed in Bangladesh by a group calling for the establishment of a genuine Islamic state.

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Having densely vegetated lands, Bangladesh is often called the "Green Delta."

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Bangladesh could serve as a model, especially for its neighbors, for how people can live closely together and remain congenial.

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Among the many successful Bangladeshi NGOs, one of the most well-known is Grameen Bank , which pioneered micro-credit.

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