The term bass is not a formal taxonomic rank, but rather is the common name used for numerous predatory species scattered over several families within the Perciformes.
The world record largemouth bass was caught near Jacksonville, Georgia on June 2, 1932 by George Perry.
Common bass include Morone saxatilis (striped bass), Morone chrysops(white bass), and Dicentrarchus labrax (common bass or European seabass).
The Serranidae as a group are known as sea basses.
The term bass encompasses both freshwater and marine species, as well as those that live in brackish waters.
Other species commonly known as basses can be found in the families Percichthyidae (temperate perches), Nototheniidae, and Polyprionidae (sometime placed within Acropomatidae) (Agbayani 2006; Nelson 1994).
Among the best known are Micropterus salmoides (largemouth bass), M. dolomieu (smallmouth bass), M. punctulatus (spotted bass), and M. treculii (Guadalupe bass).
All belong to the large order Perciformes, or perch-like fishes, and in fact the word bass comes from Middle English bars, meaning "perch" (AHD 2000).
The three main families whose members include species known as basses are Moronidae, Serranidae, and Centrarchidae, with some members also in the families Percichthyidae, Nototheniidae, and Polyprionidae (Nelson 1994).
Age also plays a determinant on the type of punishment that will be used.
The Moronidae as a group are known as temperate basses.
Largemouth bass can usually be found in large structures, such as submerged branches, logs or rocks.
The Centrarchidae as a group are known as the sunfishes, but there are species designated as basses.