Beijing Opera, or Peking Opera (Jingju), is well-known throughout the national capital.
Other airports in the city include Beijing Liangxiang Airport, Beijing Nanyuan Airport, Beijing Xijiao Airport, Beijing Shahe Airport and Beijing Badaling Airport.
Owing to Beijing's status as the political and cultural capital of China, a larger proportion of tertiary-level institutions (59) are concentrated here than any other city in China.
During the Mongolian-dominated Yuan Dynasty, (1279-1368) Beijing was known as Khanbaliq which is the Cambuluc described in Marco Polo's accounts.
Zhongdu was situated in what is now the area centered around Tianningsi, slightly to the southwest of central Beijing.
Just a few days earlier, the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference had decided that Beiping would be the capital of the new government, and that its name would be changed back to Beijing.
Beijing's real estate and automotive sectors have continued to bloom in recent years.
The Beijing Financial Street, in the Fuxingmen and Fuchengmen area, is a traditional financial center.
A Tibetan high school exists for youth of Tibetan ancestry, nearly all of whom have come to Beijing from Tibet expressly for their studies.
A sizable international community exists in Beijing, mostly attracted by the highly growing foreign business and trade sector, and many live in the Beijing urban area's densely populated northern, northeastern and eastern sections.
Three styles of architecture predominate in urban Beijing.
On January 31, 1949, during the Chinese Civil War, Communist forces entered Beijing without a fight.
Beijing is the host of the 2008 Summer Olympics and 2008 Summer Paralympics.
Beijing is also a world leader in the production and distribution of melamine and melamine-related compounds, (ammeline, ammelide and cyanuric acid).
Over 95 percent of Beijing's residents belong to the Han Chinese majority.
In 936, the Later Jin Dynasty (936-947) of northern China ceded a large part of its northern frontier, including modern Beijing, to the Khitan Liao Dynasty.
Beijing maintains partnerships or "sister city" status with the following international locations.
Roads in Delhi are maintained by MCD (Municipal Corporation of Delhi), NDMC, Delhi Cantonment Board, Public Works Department (PWD) and Delhi Development Authority.
Beijing dialect is the basis for Standard Mandarin, the language used in the PRC, the Republic of China on Taiwan, and Singapore.
Miyun Reservoir, built on the upper reaches of the Chaobai River, is Beijing's largest reservoir, and crucial to its water supply.
The evolving Beijing Subway has four lines, with two above ground and two underground), and has several more being built in preparation for the 2008 Summer Olympics.
The Beijing city wall was torn down between 1965 and 1969 to make way for the construction of the 2nd Ring Road.
Preparations for the 2008 Olympics forced Beijing to quickly upgrade its infrastructure and transportation system.
Beijing is also the northern terminus of the Grand Canal of China which was built across the North China Plain to Hangzhou.
Beijing is recognized as the political, educational, and cultural center of the PRC, while Shanghai and Hong Kong predominate in economic fields.
Beijing is a railway hub, containing lines railway lines from Beijing to Guangzhou, Shanghai, Harbin, Baotou, Taiyuan, Chengde, Qinhuangdao, Russia, Pyongyang, North Korea.
Beijing is China's second-largest city in terms of population, after Shanghai.
The full argument for the immortality of the soul and Thomas's elaboration of Aristotelian theory is found in Question 75 of the Summa Theologica.
Municipal government is regulated by the local Communist Party of China (CPC), led by the Beijing CPC Secretary (??????).
The Communist Party of China reverted the name to Beijing (Peking) in 1949, again, in part, to emphasize that Beijing had returned to its role as China's capital.
Beijing has two major railway stations: Beijing Railway Station (or the central station) and Beijing West Railway Station.
The development of Beijing continues to proceed at a rapid pace, and the vast expansion of the city has created a multitude of problems.
People's Daily and China Daily (English) are also published in Beijing.
One of the biggest concerns with traffic in Beijing deals with its ubiquitous traffic jams.
In 1860 Beijing was occupied by French and British troops following the battle of Baliqiao, forcing the Chinese government to concede the Legation Quarter for foreign settlements.
Beijing was poorly designed in terms of zoning and its transportation system .
Commonly lauded as one of the highest achievements of Chinese culture, Beijing Opera is performed through a combination of song, spoken dialogue, and codified action sequences, such as gestures, movement, fighting and acrobatics.
Several cities bearing various names have existed at the modern site of Beijing since 723 B.C.E.
The well-known Beijing Evening News (Beijing Wanbao) newspaper is distributed every afternoon, covering news about Beijing in Chinese.
Following the economic reforms of Deng Xiaoping, the urban area of Beijing has expanded greatly.
In 1989 a massacre of mostly student demonstrators in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square signaled the difficulty of China’s democratic movement in the face of totalitarian authority.
The Beijing Aoshen Olympians of the ABA, formerly a CBA team, kept their name and maintained a roster of primarily Chinese players after moving to Maywood, California in 2005.
Today, almost all of Taiwan, including the ROC government, uses Beijing, although some maps of China from Taiwan still use the old name along with pre-1949 political boundaries.
In 938, the Liao Dynasty set up a secondary capital in what is now Beijing, and called it Nanjing (the "Southern Capital").
Beijing's main airport is the Beijing Capital International Airport (PEK) near Shunyi, which is about 12 miles (20 km) northeast of Beijing city center.
Beijing is also one of the four municipalities of the Peoples Republic of China, which are equivalent to provinces in China's administrative structure.
Finally, there are much more modern architectural forms — most noticeably in the area of the Beijing CBD.
Once ubiquitous in Beijing, siheyuans and hutongs are now rapidly disappearing, as entire city blocks of hutongs are leveled and replaced with high-rise buildings.
People native to urban Beijing speak the Beijing dialect, which belongs to the Mandarin subdivision of spoken Chinese.
Beijing Municipality currently comprises 16 administrative county-level subdivisions including 14 urban and suburban districts and two rural counties.
The Engel's coefficient of Beijing's urban residents reached 31.8 percent in 2005 and that of the rural residents was 32.8 percent, declining 4.5 percentage points and 3.9 percentage points, respectively, compared with 2000.
At the time of the founding of the People's Republic of China (PRC), Beijing Municipality consisted of just its urban area and immediate suburbs.
Beijing lacquerware is well known for the patterns and images carved into its surface.
Early 2005 saw the approval by government of a plan to finally stop the sprawling development of Beijing in all directions.
Beijing itself is not technically a city, being a municipality).
In 2005, Beijing's nominal GDP was 681.45 billion RMB (about 84 billion USD), a year-on-year growth of 11.1 percent from the previous year.
Mandarin cuisine is the local style of cooking in Beijing.
Many international students from Japan, Korea, North America, Europe, Southeast Asia, and elsewhere come to Beijing to study every year, a growing trend, especially among Western students.
Nine expressways of China (with six wholly new expressways projected or under construction) connect with Beijing, as do eleven China National Highways.
Beijing Television (BTV) broadcasts on numbered channels 1 through 10.
On October 1 of the same year, the Communist Party of China, under the leadership of Mao Zedong, announced the creation of the PRC in Tiananmen, in Beijing.
Within Beijing itself, an elaborate network of five ring roads has developed, but they appear more rectangular than ring-shaped.
Rural areas of Beijing Municipality have their own dialects akin to those of Hebei province, which surrounds Beijing Municipality.
Citizens of Beijing as well as tourists frequently complain about the quality of the water supply and the cost of basic services such as electricity and natural gas.
Yanjing (??; Pinyin: Y?nj?ng; Wade-Giles: Yen-ching) is and has been another popular informal name for Beijing, a reference to the ancient State of Yan that existed here during the Zhou Dynasty.
Peking is the name of the city according to Chinese Postal Map Romanization, and the traditional customary name for Beijing in English.
Beijing's primary, secondary, and tertiary industries were worth 9.77 billion RMB, 210.05 billion RMB, and 461.63 billion RMB.
The nucleus of present-day Beijing was the city of Khanbaliq.
Beijing's 16 districts and counties are further subdivided into 273 lower third-level administrative units at the township level: 119 towns, 24 townships, 5 ethnic townships and 125 subdistricts.
Beijing is connected via road links from all parts of China.
The major industrial areas outside of Beijing were ordered to clean their operations or leave the Beijing area in an effort to alleviate the smog that covers the city.
Several place names in Beijing end with mйn (?), meaning "gate," as they were the locations of gates in the former Beijing city wall.
Not long after these tragic events, influenced by Deng Xiaoping's economic reforms, China attracted considerable foreign investment, resulting in unprecedented growth and development in Beijing.
Beijing is increasingly becoming known for its innovative entrepreneurs and high-growth start-ups.
An Lushan launched An Shi Rebellion from Beijing in 755.
The Great Wall of China, which stretches across the northern part of Beijing Municipality, made use of this rugged topography to defend against nomadic incursions from the steppes.
Publications primarily aimed at international visitors and the expatriate community include the English-language periodicals City Weekend, Beijing This Month, Beijing Talk, that's Beijing and MetroZine.
In 1421, the third Ming Emperor Yongle moved the Ming capital from Nanjing (Nanking) to the renamed Beijing (Peking) (??), the "northern capital."
Three other railway stations in Metropolitan Beijing handle regular passenger traffic: Beijing East, Beijing North, and Fengtai.
Beijing (??) literally means "northern capital," in line with the common East Asian tradition whereby capital cities are explicitly named as such.
Beijing Municipality borders Hebei Province to the north, west, south, and for a small section in the east, and Tianjin Municipality to the southeast.
Beijing was awarded the hosting the 2008 Summer Olympics.
Beijing (Chinese: ??; pinyin: B?ij?ng; IPA: ; a metropolis in northern China, is the capital of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
The Jingtailan is a cloisonnй metalworking technique and tradition originating from Beijing, and one of the most revered traditional crafts in China.
Agriculture is carried on outside the urban area of Beijing, with wheat and maize (corn) being the main crops.
Major neighborhoods in urban Beijing include the following.
Beijing is home to a great number of colleges and universities, including several well-regarded universities of international stature, especially including China's two most prestigious institutions, Peking University, and Tsinghua University.
One example of the traditional architectural style in Beijing is the Siheyuan (???).
Beijing is situated at the northern tip of the roughly triangular North China Plain which opens to the south and east of the city.
Beijing is one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China.
The total number of automobiles registered in Beijing in 2004 was 2,146,000, of which 1,540,000 were privately-owned; this represents a one year increase of 18.7 percent.
Beijing is known for its smog as well as the frequent "power-saving" programs instituted by the government.