Mumbai is the seat of the Bombay High Court, which exercises jurisdiction over the states of Maharashtra and Goa, and the Union Territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
In 1853, India's first passenger railway line was established, connecting Bombay to the town of Thane.
The Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, one of India's premier engineering schools, VJTI (Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute), SNDT Women's University and Tata Institute of Social Sciences are the other universities in Mumbai.
After 1955, when the State of Bombay was being reorganized along linguistic lines into the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat, there was a demand that the city be constituted as an autonomous city-state.
Public buses run by Bombay Electricity Supply Transport (BEST, an autonomous body under the BMC) cover almost all parts of the metropolis, as well as parts of Navi Mumbai and Thane.
The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 transformed Bombay into one of the largest seaports on the Arabian Sea.
After the British gained possession in the seventeenth century, it was anglicized to Bombay, although it was known as Mumbai or Mambai to Marathi and Gujarati-speakers, and as Bambai in Hindi, Urdu, and Persian.
After India's independence in 1947, it became the capital of Bombay State.
Built in 1833, the Asiatic Society of Bombay is the oldest public library in the city.
Mumbai is home to India's oldest newspaper, Bombay Samachar, which has been published in Gujarati and English since 1822.
The center of the Hindi movie industry, Bollywood, is located in Mumbai, and the name Bollywood is a portmanteau of Bombay and Hollywood, the center of the American film industry.
Bombay Durpan - the first Marathi newspaper - was started by Balshastri Jambhekar in Mumbai on 1832.
The city eventually became the headquarters of the Bombay Presidency.
A resident of Mumbai is called a Mumbaikar, or Bombayite.
A widespread explanation of the origin of the traditional English name Bombay holds that it was derived from a Portuguese name meaning good bay.
Mumbai (Marathi: ?????, IAST: Mumba?, IPA: /'mumb?i/ ?), formerly known as Bombay, is the the most populous city in India and capital of the state of Maharashtra.
The name “Bombay” is an eponym, etymologically derived from Mumba or Maha-Amba—the name of the Hindu goddess Mumbadevi, and Aai—mother in Marathi.
The city is administered by the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) (formerly the Bombay Municipal Corporation), with executive power vested in the Municipal Commissioner, who is an IAS officer appointed by the state government.
In 1687, the British East India Company transferred its headquarters from Surat to Bombay.