The following is a list of inorganic compounds of bromine.
Accordingly, one should always wear safety goggles and ensure adequate ventilation when handling bromine.
Bromine is slightly soluble in water but highly soluble in carbon disulfide, aliphatic alcohols (such as methanol), and acetic acid.
Approximately 500 million kilograms (worth about $350 million) of bromine are produced per year worldwide (as of 2001), with the United States and Israel being the primary producers.
Given the characteristic smell of the vapors, French chemist and physicist Joseph-Louis Gay-Lussac suggested the name bromine, from the Greek word ?????? (brуmos), meaning "stench."
Bromine does not react with oxygen or nitrogen, but with ozone it forms an unstable compound, bromine(IV) oxide (BrO2).
Liquid bromine is corrosive to human tissue, and inhalation of its vapors irritates and damages the respiratory system.
Bromine (chemical symbol Br, atomic number 35) is a nonmetal that belongs to a group of chemical elements known as halogens.
Bromine was discovered at nearly the same time in 1826 by two independent investigators: Antoine Jerome Balard, a French chemist, and Carl Lцwig, a student at the University of Heidelberg, Germany.
The largest bromine reserve in the United States is located in Columbia and Union Counties in Arkansas.
The commercial preparation of bromine involves extracting it from seawater, which contains bromide ions.
Given the high cost of extracting bromine, it is usually recycled rather than disposed of into the environment.
Bromine is highly reactive and is a powerful oxidizing agent in the presence of water.
Bromine continues to be used in the manufacture of fumigants, flame retardants, dyes, pharmaceuticals, water purification compounds, sanitizers, and bromide salts (such as silver bromide) for photography.
Traditionally, the largest use of bromine was in the production of 1,2-dibromoethane, which in turn was used as an anti-knock agent for leaded gasolines before they were phased out for environmental reasons.
Pure bromine is a heavy, reddish-brown liquid that readily evaporates at ordinary temperature and pressure, forming a red vapor that has a strong, unpleasant odor resembling that of chlorine.
Elemental bromine is used to manufacture a wide variety of bromine compounds for industrial and agricultural applications.
Given its reactivity, bromine is not found as a free element in nature.
Bromine is an important resource for the production of a wide range of consumer goods and materials used for industrial and agricultural applications.
Elemental bromine is a strong irritant and, in concentrated form, produces painful blisters on exposed skin and especially mucous membranes.