An alternative hypothesis is that there is some reward associated with being a leader who fends off intruders and the rank of lionesses in the pride is reflected in these responses.
Some authors would include also members of the superfamily Hedyloidea, the American butterfly moths.
A butterfly is an insect of the Order Lepidoptera that belongs to either the superfamily Papilionoidea or the superfamily Hesperioidea (“the skippers”).
Butterfly eggs are fixed to a leaf with a special glue that hardens rapidly.
The larva transforms into a pupa (chrysalis), which then transforms into a butterfly by metamorphosis.
A butterfly has six legs; the larva also has six true legs and a number of prolegs.
Considerable Roman remains can be found in contemporary Cologne, especially near the wharf area, where a 1900-year-old Roman boat was discovered in late 2007.
A Nobel Prize-winning scientist, Rudolph A. Marcus, was able to discover the function and significance of the electron transport chain in the light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis.
Development of butterfly wing patterns begins by the last larval instar.
The "northwesternmost headwaters" of the Connecticut also define the Canadian border with New Hampshire.
Butterfly and moth eggs vary greatly in size between species, but they are all either spherical or ovate.
The scales on the butterfly wings have many properties, mostly optical, that interest scientists.
Butterfly eggs consist of a hard-ridged outer layer of shell, called the chorion.
Earlier, it was mistakenly considered that the word butterfly came from a metathesis of "flutterby."
Ecosystem value. Butterflies and moths are indicators of a healthy environment and healthy ecosystems. ... Areas rich in butterflies and moths are rich in other invertebrates. These collectively provide a wide range of environmental benefits, including pollination and natural pest control.
Butterflies are deep and powerful representations of life. Many cultures associate the butterfly with our souls. The Christian religion sees the butterfly as a symbol of resurrection. Around the world, people view the butterfly as representing endurance, change, hope, and life.
Most adult butterflies drink nectar from flowers through their tongues, which function much like straws. A minority of butterflies almost never visits flowers, instead gaining sustenance from tree sap, rotting animal matter, and other organic material. Butterfly caterpillars almost all eat plant matter.
Some butterflies such as the Monarch and Pipevine Swallowtail eat poisonous plants as caterpillars and are poisonous themselves as adult butterflies. Birds learn not to eat them. Other good-tasting butterflies (called "mimics") come to resemble them and thus benefit from this "umbrella" of protection.