Cesium hydroxide is an extremely strong base and can attack glass.
On the other hand, such amounts would not ordinarily be encountered in nature, so cesium is not a major chemical environmental pollutant.
Along with gallium, francium, and mercury, cesium is among the few metals that are liquid at or near room temperature.
The resulting cesium chloride salt is purified by recrystallization.
The reaction with water produces cesium hydroxide (CsOH), an extremely strong chemical base that will rapidly etch the surface of glass.
Cesium is the most electropositive and most alkaline of the stable chemical elements.
Cesium carbonate: Cesium carbonate is a white crystalline solid, with the chemical formula Cs2CO3.
Cesium-137 is produced during the detonation of nuclear weapons and in nuclear power plants.
Cesium occurs in several minerals, particularly lepidolite and pollucite (a hydrated silicate of aluminum and cesium).
Cesium is the least abundant of the five nonradioactive alkali metals.
Cesium has at least 39 known isotopes, which is more than any other element except francium.
All cesium compounds should be regarded as mildly toxic, because of its chemical similarity to potassium.
Cesium (also spelled caesium, chemical symbol Cs, atomic number 55) is a member of the group of chemical elements known as alkali metals.
Cesium was discovered by Robert Bunsen and Gustav Kirchhoff in 1860, when they analyzed the spectrum of mineral water obtained from Dьrkheim, Germany.
Exceptionally pure, gas-free cesium can be made by decomposing cesium azide with heat.
Cesium chloride: Cesium chloride (CsCl) is an ionic compound.
Bunsen isolated cesium salts from the spring water, and the metal itself was isolated in 1881 by Carl Setterberg, who worked in Bunsen's laboratory.
Cesium is a catalyst for certain reactions in organic chemistry.
Cesium-137 is commonly used in industry for such applications as moisture density gauges, leveling gauges, and thickness gauges.
Metallic cesium can be isolated by the electrolysis of fused (molten) cesium cyanide, as well as in several other ways.
Radioactive cesium does not accumulate in the body as effectively as many other fission products, such as radioactive iodine or strontium.
Rats fed with cesium in place of potassium in their diet were found to die, so this element cannot replace potassium in function.
Some of its radioactive isotopes are used to treat certain types of cancer, and cesium-134 helps measure cesium output by the nuclear power industry.