The community has existed in New Mexico since the 1940s and 1950s, when large numbers of Cherokee relocated to New Mexico from Oklahoma due to economic issues and hardships.
The Cherokee called it "little war," da-nah-wah'uwsdi in Cherokee language.
In 1825, the National Council extended citizenship to the children of Cherokee men married to white women.
The Stomp Dance had its origins with the Creek Indians and was incorporated into the Cherokee culture after their arrival in Oklahoma following their forced removal and arduous trek on the Trail of Tears.
Cherokee travel to the New Mexico community yearly from Missouri, and perform the traditional ceremonies and dances which are not open to the public and can only be attended by Cherokees and their families.
At dawn, a special medicine made from seven secret roots gathered by the seven clans is given to all the Cherokees who completed the dance.
The Western Cherokee Community in Albuquerque, New Mexico is a community comprised predominantly of members of the Cherokee Nation, and some United Keetoowah Band Cherokees and their families.
The Federal government appointed chiefs to the Cherokee Nation, often just long enough to sign a treaty.
The Cherokee Moons Ceremonies were the ancient seasonal round of ceremonies practiced during ancient times by the Ah-ni-yv-wi-ya or Cherokee People in the ancient culture.
Due to the syllabary of the Cherokee language developed by Sequoyah in 1821, a written constitution was adopted, literature (including Christian scriptures emerged, and the tribe as a whole became literate.
Women wear traditional Cherokee Tear Dresses, men wear Western blue jeans and cowboy hats with a single Eagle feather in the hat band.
The Stomp Dance is performed by the Western Cherokees at the Stokes Stomp Dance Ground which is located in an isolated area of the Cherokee Nation Tribal Lands.
Membership on the roll of the Southern Cherokee Nation does not require full blood, but only proof of direct descent from Cherokee ancestors.
The impasse was resolved in January 1716, when a delegation of Creek leaders were murdered at the Cherokee town of Tugaloo.
The Cherokee speak an Iroquoian language which is polysynthetic and is written in a syllabary invented by Sequoyah (????) in 1821.
The Cherokee believed that every aspect and thing had a spirit presiding over it, but did not hold a belief in multiple gods.
According to James Mooney, the English first had contact with the Cherokee in 1654.
Modern Cherokee speakers who speak Otali employ 122 distinct syllables in Oklahoma.
Cherokee bands who lived in Arkansas were: The Bowl, Sequoyah, Spring Frog, and The Dutch.
A large number of Western Cherokees are members of the Gourd Society and participate in the Gourd Dance in the New Mexico and Four Corners area.
In 2006, Governor Ernie Fletcher paid tribute to the Southern Cherokee Nation for its 114 years of existence in Kentucky.
The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians is located at Cherokee, North Carolina.
Members of the United Keetoowah Band are descended from the Old Settlers, Cherokees who moved west before the Removal.
The CNO hosts the Cherokee National Holiday on Labor Day weekend each year, and 80,000 to 90,000 Cherokee Citizens travel to Tahlequah, Oklahoma, for the festivities.
The United Keetoowah Band took a different track than the Cherokee Nation and received federal recognition after the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934.
The Tuscarora War also marks the rise of Cherokee military power, demonstrated in the 1714 attack and destruction of the Yuchi town of Chestowee (in today's southeastern Tennessee).
The Cherokee Nation participates in numerous joint programs with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians.
By the time of Mooney, the structure of Cherokee religious practitioners was more informal and based more on individual knowledge and ability than upon heredity.
The Cherokee freedmen were first guaranteed Cherokee citizenship under a treaty with the United States in 1866.
The Cherokee attack on the Yuchi ended with Chestowee, but it was enough to catch the attention of every Indian tribe and European colony in the region.
After being ravaged by smallpox, and pressed by increasingly violent land-hungry settlers, the Cherokee adopted a white man's form of government in an effort to retain their lands.
The Tuscarora War marked the beginning of an English-Cherokee relationship that, despite breaking down on occasion, remained strong for much of the eighteenth century.
Wood hoped to forge a direct trading connection with the Cherokee in order to bypass the Occaneechi Indians who were serving as middlemen on the Trading Path.
During the Stomp Dance, at various rounds in the dance, one of the ancient Cherokee dances, called the running dance, emerges.
CNI is a very large defense contractor that creates thousands of jobs in eastern Oklahoma for Cherokee citizens.
The visit culminated in a formal treaty of alliance between the British and Cherokee, the 1730 Treaty of Whitehall.
The Stomp Dance is a grueling and physically challenging event and almost every Cherokee on the grounds will dance until they drop out from exhaustion.
In 1893, the Southern Cherokee Nation was officially welcomed to Kentucky and recognized by Governor John Y.
Cherokees were displaced from their ancestral lands in northern Georgia and the Carolinas in a period of rapidly expanding white population.
In 1730, at Nikwasi, Chief Moytoy II of Tellico was chosen as "Emperor" by the Elector Chiefs of the principal Cherokee towns.
The Cherokee assigned a feminine personality to the concept of the personification of spiritual evil, and named her "wi-na-go" in the ancient language.
The Cherokee delegation stayed in London for four months.
Under the Curtis Act of 1898, Cherokee courts and governmental systems had been abolished by the U.S. Federal Government.
Cherokee Dances fall into two basic categories: Social Dances and Religious Dances.
On June 22, 1839, Cherokee extremists executed the signers of the Treaty of New Echota, including Major Ridge, John Ridge, and Elias Boudinot.
Subsequently, the Cherokee launched attacks against the Creek, but in 1717 peace treaties between South Carolina and the Creek were finalized, undermining the Cherokee's commitment to war.
Social dances are more prevalent in modern Cherokee societies.
Moytoy agreed to recognize King George II of Great Britain as the Cherokee protector.
Much of what is known about pre-nineteenth century Cherokee history, culture, and society comes from the papers of American writer John Howard Payne.
Both South Carolina and the Lower Creek tried to gain Cherokee support.
One official reason given was that the Cherokee were not efficiently using their land and the land should be given to white farmers.
Out of gratitude to Thomas, these Western North Carolina Cherokees served in the American Civil War as part of Thomas' Legion, which consisted of infantry, cavalry, and artillery.
The Cherokee assimilated many aspects of the American settler culture, significantly their model of government.
Linguistic analysis shows a relatively large difference between Cherokee and the northern Iroquoian languages, suggesting a split in the distant past (Mooney 1996).
Hundreds of other Cherokee committed suicide due to disfigurement from the disease.
By the late seventeenth century, traders from both Virginia and South Carolina were making regular journeys to Cherokee lands, but few wrote about their experiences.
The tribe requires a quarter blood quantum for enrollment and UKB members must have at least one ancestor listed on the Final Dawes Roll of the Cherokee.
Europeans wrote of several Cherokee town groups, usually using the terms Lower, Middle, and Overhill towns to designate the towns.
An epidemic broke out among the Cherokee, who had no natural immunity, and killed nearly half their population within a year.
One of the earliest European-American accounts comes from the expedition of James Needham and Gabriel Arthur, sent in 1673 by fur-trader Abraham Wood of Virginia to the Overhill Cherokee country.
Today the Cherokee Nation is one of America's biggest proponents of ecological protection.
The Cherokee became much more closely integrated with the region's various Indians and Europeans.
The modern Cherokee nation has experienced an almost unprecedented expansion in economic growth, equality, and prosperity for its citizens.
Hostility and sporadic raids between the Cherokee and Creek continued for decades (Oatis 2004).
Today, the Cherokee Nation and United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians have headquarters in Tahlequah, Oklahoma.
The Cherokee held that signs, visions, dreams, and powers were all gifts of the spirits, and that their world was intertwined and presided over by the spirit world.
The ancient settlement of Keetoowah, or giduwa in Cherokee, on the Tuckasegee River near present-day Bryson City, North Carolina, is frequently cited as the original Cherokee City in the Southeast (Mooney 1996).
The Cherokee Heritage Center is home to the Cherokee National Museum, which has numerous exhibitions also open to the public.
Ethnographer James Mooney, who studied the Cherokee in the late 1880s, traced the decline of the former hierarchy to the revolt (Mooney 1996).
The two Virginians did make contact with the Cherokee, although Needham was killed on the return journey and Arthur was almost killed.
Hundreds of Cherokee joined the British army in North Carolina to defeat the Tuscarora and their allies.
The Cherokee participated in some of the attacks, but were divided on what course to take.
Contemporary Cherokee belong to three federally recognized tribes: The Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma (CNO), the Eastern Band Cherokee, and the United Keetoowah tribes.
On April 10, 1810 the seven Cherokee clans met and began the abolition of blood vengeance by giving the sacred duty to the new Cherokee National government.
Later, they were widely adopted by the Cherokee people.
The dance leader is a male Cherokee Elder who calls the people to the dance for each round in the Cherokee language.
There have been many famous Cherokees in American history, including Sequoyah, who invented the Cherokee writing system.
The Green Corn Ceremony (Cherokee:???? ????) honors Selu (??), the Corn Mother.
The Eastern Band Cherokee and United Keetoowah tribes do require one quarter Cherokee blood quantum.
A major source of platinum is the ore sperrylite (platinum arsenide (PtAs2).
The Payne papers describe the memory Cherokee elders had of a traditional societal structure in which a "white" organization of elders represented the seven clans.
The legion mustered approximately 2000 men of both Cherokee and white origin, fighting on behalf of the Confederacy, primarily in Virginia.
All figures identified as 'gods' were simply greater beings in the Cherokee belief whose names were so great there were no English words for them, and thus they were recognized as 'gods' by Englishmen.
The Southern Cherokee Nation of Kentucky are descended from the "mixed-blood" Cherokees who recognized the treaty signed in 1835 by Major Ridge.
The CNO controls Cherokee Nation Enterprises, Cherokee Nation Industries (CNI), and Cherokee Nation Businesses.
Some Cherokee favored an alliance with South Carolina and war on the Creek, while others favored the opposite.
The Cherokee Stomp Dance performed by the Western Cherokee People in Oklahoma is unique within Cherokee culture.
Following and during the dance at dawn an enormous feast of fried pork is consumed throughout the night, along with potatoes, bean bread, and numerous Cherokee traditional dishes.
The word "Cherokee" may have originally been derived from the Choctaw trade language word "Cha-la-kee" which means "those who live in the mountains"—or (also Choctaw) "Chi-luk-ik-bi" meaning "those who live in the cave country."
Another band of Cherokee lived in southeast Missouri, western Kentucky, and Tennessee in frontier settlements and in European majority communities around the Mississippi River.
The unification of the Cherokee nation was essentially ceremonial, with political authority remaining town-based for decades afterward.
Together, these groups were the basis for what is now known as the Eastern Band of Cherokees.
Seven prominent Cherokee, including Attacullaculla, traveled with Sir Alexander Cuming back to England.
In 1735 the Cherokee were estimated to have 64 towns and villages and 6000 fighting men.
Both before and after the Civil War, some Cherokee intermarried or had relationships with African Americans, just as they had with whites.
CNI is a very large defense contractor that creates thousands of jobs in eastern Oklahoma for Cherokee citizens.
William Holland Thomas, a white store owner and state legislator from Jackson County, North Carolina, helped over 600 Cherokee from Qualla Town (the site of modern-day Cherokee, North Carolina) obtain North Carolina citizenship.