The volume of immigrants from neighboring countries to Chile during those same periods was similar.
The Spanish encountered hundreds of thousands of Native peoples from various cultures in the area that modern Chile now occupies.
Chile's bicameral Congress has a 38-seat Senate and a 120-member Chamber of Deputies.
Throughout these years Chile maintained a low rate of inflation with GDP growth coming from high copper prices, solid export earnings (particularly forestry, fishing, and mining), and growing domestic consumption.
Chile is an active member of the UN family of agencies and participates in UN peacekeeping activities.
High domestic savings and investment rates helped propel Chile's economy to average growth rates of 8 percent during the 1990s.
The first humans arrived in Chile about 13,000 to 10,000 years ago, settling in fertile valleys and along the coast.
On February 12, 1818, Chile was proclaimed an independent republic.
Seen as shares of Chile’s export markets, 42 percent of exports went to the Americas, 30 percent to Asia, and 24 percent to Europe.
In 1881, it signed a treaty with Argentina confirming Chilean sovereignty over the Strait of Magellan.
Relative to its overall population, Chile never experienced any large-scale wave of immigrants.
Chileans elected a new president, Christian Democrat Patricio Aylwin, the candidate of a coalition of 17 political parties, who served from 1990 to 1994, in what was considered a transition period.
The main destinations for Chilean exports were the Americas (U.S. $39 billion), Asia (U.S. $27.8 billion), and Europe (U.S. $22.2 billion).
The political revolt brought little social change, however, and 19th century Chilean society preserved the essence of the stratified colonial social structure, which was greatly influenced by family politics and the Roman Catholic Church.
Chile's judiciary is independent and includes a court of appeal, a system of military courts, a constitutional tribunal, and the Supreme Court.
A national junta in the name of Ferdinand—heir to the deposed king—was formed in 1810 and proclaimed Chile an autonomous republic within the Spanish monarchy.
The Netherlands and Italy were Chile’s main European trading partners.
The next Europeans to reach Chile were Diego de Almagro and his band of Spanish conquistadors, who came from Peru in 1535 seeking gold.
Chile’s total trade with China reached U.S. $8.8 billion in 2006, representing nearly 66 percent of the value of its trade relationship with Asia.
Chile's ethnic structure can be classified as 30 percent white, 5 percent Native American, and 65 percent predominantly white mestizos.
The Chilean government has formed a Council on Innovation and Competition, which is tasked with identifying new sectors and industries to promote.
During the last decade immigration to Chile has doubled, originating primarily from Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru, while emigration of Chileans has decreased.
The Chilean government has diplomatic relations with most countries.
Chile has pursued generally sound economic policies for nearly three decades.
Within Chile’s diversified network of trade relationships, its most important partner remained the United States.
In 1970, Senator Salvador Allende, a Marxist physician and member of Chile's Socialist Party, who headed a coalition of the Socialist, Communist, Radical, and Social-Democratic parties, won a plurality of votes in a three-way contest.
The Humboldt current flows along Chile's coast, cooling the water and bringing with it abundant marine animals, including anchovies, sea bass, and other commercial fish.
Chile's most famous poet, however, is Pablo Neruda, who also won the Nobel Prize for Literature (1971) and is world renowned for his extensive works on romance, nature, and politics.
Unemployment kept falling in 2007, dropping below 7 percent since April 2007 (based on the [Central Bank of Chile's seasonally adjusted data up to mid-year).
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a country in South America occupying a long and narrow coastal strip wedged between the Andes Mountains and the Pacific Ocean.
The Chilean peso’s rapid appreciation against the U.S. dollar in recent years has helped dampen inflation.
The force of 30,000 men and women is responsible for law enforcement, traffic management, narcotics suppression, border control, and counter-terrorism throughout Chile.
Chile's top 10 richest percentile possesses 47 percent of the country's wealth.
Another form of traditional Chilean song, though not a dance, is the tonada.
After a decade of impressive growth rates, Chile began to experience a moderate economic downturn in 1999, brought on by unfavorable global economic conditions related to the Asian financial crisis, which began in 1997.
Chile's constitution was approved in a highly irregular national plebiscite in September 1980, under the military government of Augusto Pinochet.
The prevalence of non-Hispanic European surnames among the governing body of modern Chile testifies to their disproportionate contribution.
Chile and Bolivia severed diplomatic ties in 1978 over Bolivia's desire to reacquire territory it lost to Chile in the 1879-83 War of the Pacific.
Some non-Spanish European immigrants arrived in Chile - mainly to the northern and southern extremities of the country—during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, including English, Germans, Irish, Italians, French, Croatians, and other former Yugoslavians.
The Indian Peoples Development Corporation and the Mapuche Vocational Institute were founded to address the needs of Chile's indigenous population.
An associate member of Mercosur and a full member of APEC, Chile has been an important actor on international economic issues and hemispheric free trade.
Chile is, after Brazil, the country that invests the most in defense in South America.
Chile plans to continue its focus on its trade ties with Asia by negotiating trade agreements with Thailand, Malaysia, and Australia.
Chile's congressional elections are governed by a binomial system that rewards large representations.
Chile is strongly committed to free trade and has welcomed large amounts of foreign investment.
Whites are mostly Spanish in origin (mainly Castillians, Andalusians, and Basques), and to a much lesser degree from Chile's various waves of immigrants.
Chile’s overall trade profile has traditionally been dependent upon copper exports.
Josй Miguel Insulza, a Chilean national, was elected Secretary General of the Organization of American States in May 2005.
Currently, Chile is one of South America's most stable and prosperous nations.
Conquest of the land that is today called Chile took place only gradually, and the Europeans suffered repeated setbacks at the hands of the local population.
Northern Chile was an important center of culture in the medieval and early modern Inca civilization, while the central and southern regions were areas of Mapuche cultural activity.
Chile also claims 482,628 square miles (1,250,000 sq km) of Antarctica as part of its territory.
In 1999, Chile experienced negative economic growth for the first time in more than 15 years.
Chile is divided into fifteen regions, each of which is headed by an intendant appointed by the president.
The Chilean civil war, in 1891, brought about a redistribution of power between the president and Congress, and Chile established a parliamentary-style democracy.
Chile's approach to foreign direct investment is codified in the country's Foreign Investment Law, which gives foreign investors the same treatment as Chileans.
Chile thus recorded a positive trade balance of U.S. $23 billion in 2006.
Critics in Chile, however, argue true poverty figures are considerably higher than those officially published.
Chile hosted the Community of Democracies ministerial in April 2005.
Hence the Chilean economy partially degenerated into a system protecting the interests of a ruling oligarchy.
Chileans also tend to speak much faster than natives of neighboring countries.
Today Chile has a market-oriented economy characterized by a high level of foreign trade.
Chile completed a two-year non-permanent position on the UN Security Council in January 2005.
Chile's armed forces are subject to civilian control exercised by the president through the minister of defense.
The conquest of Chile began in earnest in 1540, and was carried out by Pedro de Valdivia, one of Francisco Pizarro's lieutenants, who founded the city of Santiago.
Twelve Rapanui chiefs ceded sovereignty to Chile "forever."
Internal government figures show that even when factoring out inflation and the recent high price of copper, bilateral trade between the U.S. and Chile has grown over 60 percent since then.
Chile's independent Central Bank pursues an inflation target of between 2 and 4 percent.
The bulk of the Chilean population are mestizos, descendants of colonial Spanish immigrants and Amerindian females.
Chileans call their country paнs de poetas (land of poets).
Southern Chile is rich in forests and grazing lands and features a string of volcanoes and lakes.
On February 27, 2010, Chile was struck by an 8.8 magnitude earthquake, one of the largest ever recorded in the world.
In 1470, the Incas briefly extended their empire into what is now northern Chile, imposing a labor tribute that included gold mining, but the area's barrenness prevented extensive settlement.
Trade with Korea and Japan grew significantly, but China remained Chile’s most important trading partner in Asia.
km), Chile is the world's 38th largest country, comparable in size to Zambia and about twice the size of Japan.
In 1888, a Chilean captain took formal possession of the island in the name of the Republic of Chile.
Chile has made efforts to expand nontraditional exports.
The platform also called for nationalization of foreign ownership of Chile's major copper mines.
Easter Island is now a province of Chile.
Gabriela Mistral was the first Chilean to win a Nobel Prize for Literature (1945).
Basque families who migrated to Chile in the eighteenth century vitalized the economy and joined the old Castillian aristocracy to become the political elite that still dominates the country.
Despite the effects of the recession, Chile maintained its reputation for strong financial institutions and sound policy.
A record year for Chilean trade was experienced in 2006.
The Nixon administration brought international financial pressure to bear to restrict economic credit to Chile.
Chile's growth has been declining since the early 1990s, due to a decreasing birthrate.
Using the relative yardstick favored in many European countries, 27 percent of Chileans would be poor, according to Juan Carlos Feres of the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean.
Chile is a traditionally Roman Catholic nation, with a membership of an estimated 70 percent of the population.
World's Biggest Swimming Pool is in Chile? ... In Chile, You Can Find the Driest Place on Earth, The Atacama Desert. ... Chile is a World Class Wine Destination, and the Ninth Largest Producer of Wine. ... Easter Island. ... Penguins in Chile. ... Valparaiso. ... Chile's Andes Mountains Has Some of the World's Largest and Still Active Volcanoes.More items...
The state-owned firm CODELCO is the world's largest copper-producing company, with recorded copper reserves of 200 years. Chile has made an effort to expand nontraditional exports. The most important non-mineral exports are forestry and wood products, fresh fruit and processed food, fishmeal and seafood, and wine.
Chileans (Spanish: Chilenos) are people identified with the country of Chile. ... Indigenous inheritance, whether cultural or genetic, is most pronounced in rural areas and in aspects of culture such as Chilean cuisine and Chilean Spanish.
Most of the immigrants to Chile during the 19th and 20th centuries came from abroad. Settlers from Europe came from Spain, Italy, France, Croatia, Austria, Germany, Great Britain and Ireland. Refugees from the Spanish Civil War came in the 1930s. Today, most immigrants come from neighboring countries.
The list of typical Chilean food is rather small, but you should not miss to try the following:Pastel de Choclo: corn casserole with meat stuffing.Empanadas: pastry filled with meat, cheese or mussels.Cazuela: homemade stew with beef, chicken, corn, rice and potatoes.Asado: barbecue of beef, pork or chicken.More items...
Pastel de choclo: a layered pie, usually made in a deep dish or a clay paila with chopped beef at the bottom prepared “al pino” (a thick stew of minced or chopped beef, chopped onions and seasoning), chicken, olives and a hard-boiled egg, topped with a mixture of ground fresh corn and basil, and baked in the oven.
Lunch is one of the larger meals of the day in Chile. Traditional lunch foods include cazuela, a clear broth made with rice, potato, corn and meat. Pastel de choclo, a corn casserole made with meat, olives and vegetables, is a popular lunch summer dish.
Beer, Wine & Liquor -- Start your meal the way Chileans do with a pisco sour, considered to be the national drink of Chile and made of the grape brandy pisco, fresh-squeezed lemon, sugar, and sometimes an egg white and a dash of bitters.
Sit down to a traditional Chilean breakfast by topping fresh bread (pan amasado) with fruit jellies or manjar, a wildly popular caramel topping. Order a lunch of stew made with rice, potato, corn and meat in broth, followed by pastel de choclo, which is a meat and potato pie cooked with olives and vegetables.
On September 18, 1810, Chile broke from Spanish rule, declaring their independence (although they still were theoretically loyal to King Ferdinand VII of Spain, then a captive of the French).Jun 18, 2017