Best accepts, though, that Churchill's overriding concern was to rejoin government.
Churchill was too ill to attend the White House ceremony.
Speaking on July 14, he said that Britain was “fighting by ourselves alone; but we are not fighting for ourselves alone” (Churchill 1940).
Proposals for European boundaries and settlements were officially agreed to by Harry S. Truman, Churchill, and Joseph Stalin at Potsdam Conference.
Churchill's legal surname was Spencer-Churchill, but starting with his father, Lord Randolph Churchill, his branch of the family always used just the name Churchill in public life.
Churchill spent much of his childhood at boarding schools, including the Headmaster's House at Harrow School, one of the most prestigious private schools in the United Kingdom.
Churchill was convinced that the only way to alleviate tensions between the two populations was the transfer of people, to match the national borders.
Today at Harrow, there is an annual Churchill essay prize on a subject chosen by the head of the English department.
When not in London on government business, Churchill usually lived at his beloved Chartwell House in Kent, two miles south of Westerham.
After Labour's defeat in the general election of 1951, Churchill again became prime minister.
The first elections were held in 1955, just days before Churchill's own resignation, and by 1957, under Prime Minister Anthony Eden (1897 – 1977), Malaysia became independent.
Churchill was one of the political and military engineers of the disastrous Gallipoli landings on the Dardanelles during World War I, which led to his description as "the butcher of Gallipoli."
Churchill used his friendship with Roosevelt to plead for U.S. support.
Churchill's progressive views on such issues as social reform and his tendency to move towards the center on many issues remain important in contemporary politics.
Churchill favored the democratic developments in Iran but wanted to retain the privileges and revenue enjoyed by the oil company.
Churchill did not hesitate to use his access to documents to aid his research.
Churchill was himself aware of the “limitations of his historianship” (Lukacs 2002: 104–105).
Churchill ordered an increased military presence and appointed General Sir George Erskine, who would implement Operation Anvil in 1954 that broke the back of the rebellion in the city of Nairobi.
At various times a soldier, journalist, author, and politician, Churchill is generally regarded as one of the most important leaders in British and world history.
Churchill was at best indifferent and perhaps complicit in the Great Bengal famine of 1943, which took the lives of at least 2.5 million Bengalis.
Churchill supported the bombing of Dresden shortly before the end of the war; Dresden was primarily a civilian target with many refugees from the East and was of allegedly little military value.
Churchill did badly at Harrow, regularly being punished for poor work and lack of effort.
Lukacs (2002) says that while Churchill was influenced by these historians, “he did not emulate them” (125).
On January 15, 1965 Churchill suffered another stroke—a severe cerebral thrombosis—that left him gravely ill.
Churchill himself wrote, “I passed out eighth in my batch of a hundred and fifty.
Churchill was a prolific writer throughout his life and, during his periods out of office, regarded himself as a professional writer who was also a member of Parliament.
Former Mayor Guilliani of New York behaved in an “avowedly Churchillian manner,” and was dubbed by the Washington Post as a “Churchill in a Yankees cap” following the tragic events of 9/11.
In 1911, Churchill became First Lord of the Admiralty, a post he retained into the First World War.
Churchill also occasionally made comments supportive of world government.
During the General Strike of 1926, Churchill was reported to have suggested that machine guns be used on the striking miners.
Churchill joined the Fourth Hussars in 1895 and saw action on the Indian northwest frontier and in the Sudan where he took part in the Battle of Omdurman (1898).
When Asquith formed an all-party coalition government, the Conservatives demanded Churchill's demotion as the price for entry.
Others see the election result as a reaction against not Churchill personally, but against the Conservative Party's record in the 1930s under Baldwin and Chamberlain.
Churchill edited the government's newspaper, the British Gazette, and during the dispute he argued that "either the country will break the General Strike, or the General Strike will break the country."
Churchill volunteered for service in places where action was likely, not because he wanted to place himself at risk, but to further his personal agenda and to quench his thirst for adventure (Churchill 1996: 80).
Churchill had 12 military strategic conferences with Roosevelt, which covered the Atlantic Charter, Europe first strategy, the Declaration by the United Nations, and other war policies.
Born at Blenheim Palace, near Woodstock, Oxfordshire, Winston Churchill was a descendant of the first famous member of the Churchill family, John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough.
Churchill ordered peace talks opened, but these collapsed shortly after his leaving office.
In 1955, Churchill was offered elevation to dukedom as the first-ever Duke of London, a title he himself selected.
Churchill was instrumental in giving France a permanent seat on the UN Security Council (which provided another European power to counterbalance the Soviet Union's permanent seat).
Aware that he was slowing down both physically and mentally, Churchill retired as prime minister in 1955 and was succeeded by Anthony Eden, who had long been his ambitious protйgйe.
When Campbell-Bannerman was succeeded by Herbert Henry Asquith (1864 – 1945) in 1908, it came as little surprise when Churchill was promoted to the Cabinet as president of the Board of Trade.
Winston's politician father, Lord Randolph Churchill, was the third son of John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough.
President George W. Bush had “a bust of Churchill in the oval office liberally” quoted him in his own “rhetorical efforts to roll the West against terrorism” (587).
On Indian independence, Churchill was wrong but he was not the only Englishman who seemed blind to the inconsistency and hypocrisy that Indians saw all too clearly.
Churchill's speeches were a great inspiration to the embattled United Kingdom.
Churchill was restless and bored as leader of the Conservative opposition in the immediate post-war years.
Next he served in India, where he hoped that there might be a “mutiny or a revolt” to deal with (Churchill 1996: 44).
In 1906, Churchill won Manchester North West as a liberal.
When Ramsay MacDonald (1866 – 1937) formed the National Government in 1931, Churchill was not invited to join the Cabinet.
Churchill's son Randolph and his grandsons Nicholas Soames and Winston Churchill all followed him into Parliament.
Ramsden (2003) comments that though “billed as personal accounts,” Churchill's books had the added “authority of a man who made the history before writing it” (198).
Churchill saw himself as a champion of democracy against tyranny, and was profoundly aware of his own role and destiny.
Churchill paid for her gravestone at the City of London Cemetery and Crematorium.
Churchill was a staunch advocate of foreign intervention, declaring that Bolshevism must be "strangled in its cradle."
The study concluded and advised Churchill that the use of such weapons would not benefit the war effort.
In 1956, Churchill received the Karlspreis (Charlemagne Award), an award by the German city of Aachen to those who most contribute to the European idea and European peace.
At Churchill's request, he was buried in the family plot at Saint Martin's Churchyard, Bladon, near Woodstock and not far from his birthplace at Blenheim.
After the end of the war Churchill served as both secretary of state for war and secretary of state for air (1919 – 1921).
A providential understanding of history would concur with Churchill's self-understanding.
The battle tank was deployed ineptly in 1915, much to Churchill's annoyance.
By any reckoning, Winston Churchill was one of the greatest men that history records….
Few in 1891 would think an attack on London a remote possibility and for Churchill to have foreseen his future role in the defense of Britain is truly remarkable.
The Liberal Party was now beset by internal division and Churchill's campaign was weak.
Winston's mother was Lady Randolph Churchill (nйe Jennie Jerome), daughter of American millionaire Leonard Jerome.
At the outbreak of the Second World War, Churchill was again appointed First Lord of the Admiralty.
On the other hand, Britain did, at this time, have an important role to play and Churchill himself acted a not insignificant part in many world events.
Churchill later regarded this as one of the worst decisions of his life.
In 1963, U.S. President John F. Kennedy named Churchill the first Honorary Citizen of the United States.
Biographer Geoffrey Best (2001) points out that while party loyalty has been considered a British politician’s principal virtue, Churchill's main interest was in policy.
Churchill lost his Manchester seat to the Conservative William Joynson-Hicks, 1st Viscount Brentford, but was soon elected in another by-election at Dundee.
After leaving the British Army in 1899, Churchill worked as a war correspondent for the Morning Post.
Churchill was elected to Parliament as the Conservative member for Oldham in 1900.
Churchill was party to treaties that would redraw post-WWII European and Asian boundaries.
Churchill was a fierce critic of Neville Chamberlain's appeasement of Hitler.
Churchill advocated the preemptive occupation of the neutral Norwegian iron-ore port of Narvik and the iron mines in Sweden, early in the war.
In 1920, after the last British forces had been withdrawn, Churchill was instrumental in having arms sent to the Poles when they invaded Ukraine.
Immediately following the close of the war in Europe, Churchill was heavily defeated at the 1945 general election by Clement Attlee (1883 – 1967) and the Labour Party.
In 1910, Churchill was promoted to Home Secretary, where he was to prove somewhat controversial.
Being a strong proponent of Britain as an international power, Churchill would often meet such moments with direct action.
A famous photograph from the time shows the impetuous Churchill taking personal charge of the January 1911 Sidney Street Siege, peering around a corner to view a gun battle between cornered anarchists and Scots Guards.
Churchill spent most of his retirement at Chartwell and in the south of France.
Churchill denied the fire brigade access, forcing the criminals to choose surrender or death.
Churchill opposed the effective annexation of Poland by the Soviet Union and wrote bitterly about it in his books, but he was unable to prevent it at the conferences.