Klosй was so impressed by Boehm's invention that he named his own system for clarinets the Boehm system, although it is different from the one used on flutes.
On basset horns and lower clarinets, the barrel is usually replaced by a curved metal neck.
A clarinet must therefore have holes and keys for nineteen notes (an octave and a half, from bottom E to B?) in its lowest register to play a chromatic scale.
The classical clarinet of Mozart's day would probably have had eight finger holes and five keys.
Many works of chamber music have also been written for the clarinet.
Next is the short barrel; this part of the instrument may be extended in order to fine-tune the clarinet.
The major manufacturers of clarinet reeds include Gonzales, Rico, Vandoren, and Clarinet makers, among others.
The bass clarinet has a characteristically deep, mellow sound.
On bass and larger clarinets, some alto clarinets, and a few soprano clarinets, some or all of the finger holes are replaced by key-covered holes.
The clarinet is a musical instrument in the woodwind family.
Mozart (d. 1791) liked the sound of the clarinet (he considered its tone the closest in quality to the human voice) and wrote much music for it.
By the time of Ludwig van Beethoven (c. 1800-1820), the clarinet was a standard fixture in the orchestra.
The bottom of the clarinet’s written range is defined by the keywork on each particular instrument; there are standard keywork schemes with some variability.
Clarinets other than the standard B? and A clarinets are sometimes known as harmony clarinets.
Older crowds of preteens, teenagers and adults will sometimes organize Halloween-themed parties, which might be scheduled on the nearest available weekend.
The most prominent of these schools were the German/Viennese traditions and the French school, centered around the clarinetists of the Conservatoire de Paris.
The clarinet is widely used as a solo instrument.
Buffet-Crampon's Greenline professional clarinets are made from a composite mixture of plastic resin and wood chips—such instruments are less affected by humidity, but are heavier than the equivalent wood instrument.
Most alto and bass clarinets have an extra key to allow a low E?.
The range of a clarinet can be divided into three distinctive registers.
In 1812, Ivan Mueller, a Russian-born clarinetist and inventor, developed a new type of pad which was covered in leather or fish bladder.
A clarinetist moves between registers through use of the register key, or speaker key.
The Mueller clarinet and its derivatives were popular throughout the world.
Jazz clarinetists often remain on softer reeds, as they are more suitable for bending pitch.
Swing clarinetists such as Benny Goodman, Artie Shaw, and Woody Herman led successful and popular big bands and smaller groups from the 1930s onward.
Groups of clarinets playing together have become increasingly popular among clarinet enthusiasts in recent years.
The "re-discovery" made Mendelism an important but controversial theory.
Clarinets actually comprise a musical family of instruments of differing sizes and pitches.
The clarinet was a central instrument in early jazz starting in the 1910s and remaining popular in the United States through the big band era into the 1940s.
Defining the top end of a clarinet’s range is difficult, since many advanced players can produce notes well above the highest notes commonly found in method books.
Early clarinets covered the tone holes with felt pads.
Around the end of the seventeenth century, the chalumeau was modified by converting one of its keys into a register key and produced the first clarinet.
Metal soprano clarinets were popular in the early twentieth century, until plastic instruments supplanted them.
The tone of the E? clarinet is quite a bit brighter than any other member of the widely-used clarinet family and is known for its distinctive ability to cut through even loud orchestral textures.
The clarinet has a distinctive timbre, resulting from the shape of the cylindrical bore, whose characteristics vary between its three main registers: The chalumeau (low), clarion or clarino (middle), and altissimo (high).
The highest notes on a clarinet can have a piercing quality and can be difficult to tune precisely.
Experimental EEE? octocontra-alto and BBB? octocontrabass clarinets have also been built.
The tone quality varies greatly with the musician, the music, the style of clarinet, the reed, and humidity.
The clarinet is therefore said to overblow at the twelfth.
The German (Oehler system) clarinet generally has a darker tone quality than the French (Boehm system).
The final development in the modern design of the clarinet used in most of the world today, was introduced by Hyacinthe Klosй in 1839.
During this period, a British clarinetist named Acker Bilk became popular, founding his own ensemble in 1956.
The alto clarinet is similar in sound to the bass, and the basset-horn has a tone quality similar to the A clarinet.
Beginning clarinetists are often encouraged to use softer reeds.
The entire weight of the smaller clarinets is supported by the right thumb behind the lower joint on what is called the thumb-rest.
Bands usually include several B? clarinets, divided into sections each consisting of 2-3 clarinetists playing the same part.
A number of clarinet concertos have been written to showcase the instrument, with the concerti by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Aaron Copland and Carl Maria von Weber being particularly well known.
The modern clarinetist has an eclectic palette of "acceptable" tone qualities to choose from, especially when working with an open-minded teacher.
Back in the United States, the instrument has seen something of a resurgence since the 1980s, with Eddie Daniels, Don Byron, and others playing the clarinet in more contemporary contexts.
A person who plays the clarinet is called a clarinetist, sometimes spelled "clarinettist."
The reason that the most popular soprano clarinets are in B?, A, and E? has to do partly with the history of the instrument, and partly with acoustics and aesthetics.
Clarinet reeds come in varying "strengths" generally described from "soft" to "hard."
The unmodified word clarinet usually refers to the B? soprano clarinet, by far the most common clarinet.
Alto, contra-alto, and contrabass clarinets are sometimes used as well, and very rarely a piccolo A? clarinet.
Early clarinets did not play well in the lower register, so chalumeaux continued to be made to play the low notes and these notes became known as the chalumeau register.
Clarinets have a very wide compass, which is showcased in chamber, orchestral, and wind band writing.
Professional clarinets are usually made from African hardwood, often grenadilla, rarely (because of diminishing supplies) Honduran rosewood, and sometimes even cocobolo.
Over the course of the nineteenth century, many enhancements were made to Mueller's clarinet, such as the Albert system and the Baermann system, all keeping the same basic design.
The "re-discovery" made Mendelism an important but controversial theory.
Clarinets also feature prominently in much of the Klezmer music, which requires a very distinctive style of playing.
The original Denner clarinets had two keys, but various makers added more to get extra notes.
Metal construction is still used for some contra-alto and contrabass clarinets.
Filmmaker Woody Allen is a notable jazz clarinet enthusiast, and performs New Orleans-style jazz regularly with his quartet in New York.
The next major development in the history of clarinet was the invention of the modern pad.
The clarinet developed from a Baroque instrument called the chalumeau.