The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition published a study in 2004 that tried to discover why the beneficial and detrimental effects of coffee conflict.
Coffee can also cause insomnia in some, while paradoxically it helps a few sleep more soundly.
In 1554, the first coffeehouse in Istanbul opened.
Coffee can also reduce the incidence of cirrhosis of the liver and prevent colon and bladder cancers.
Coffee is also a powerful stimulant for peristalsis and is sometimes considered to prevent constipation; it is also a diuretic.
Another solvent used is ethyl acetate; the resultant decaffeinated coffee is marketed as "natural decaf" due to ethyl acetate being naturally present in fruit.
Seeds of this plant are the source of coffee.
Students preparing for examinations with late night "cram sessions" use coffee to maintain their concentration.
The Nordic countries consume the most coffee per capita, with Finland, Norway, and Denmark trading the top spot depending on the year.
By 1675, there were more than 3,000 coffeehouses in England.
Coffea (the coffee plant) is a genus of ten species of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae.
The largest coffee exporting nation remains Brazil, but in recent years the green coffee market has been flooded by large quantities of robusta beans from Vietnam.
The United States is the largest market for coffee, followed by Germany.
Coffee berries must be picked, defruited, dried, sorted, and sometimes aged.
Coffee also got another huge endorsement from the American Revolution following the Boston Tea Party.
Coffee intake may reduce one's risk of diabetes mellitus type 2 by up to half.
Coffee is second only to petroleum in importance in commodity trade.
The tree produces red or purple fruits (drupes, coffee berries, or "coffee cherries"), which contain two seeds (the "coffee beans").
Patriots began drinking coffee instead of tea as a symbol of their struggle for freedom.
Coffee is consumed in large part not simply because of taste, but because of the effect it has on those who drink it.
The coffeehouse spread rapidly in Europe and America after that, with the first coffeehouses opening in Boston in 1670, and in Paris in 1671.
One interesting and notable exception to the American love for coffee is that the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (the Mormons) prohibits tea and coffee from consumption by their members.
Fair trade coffee is produced by small coffee producers; guaranteeing for these producers a minimum price.
Largely through the efforts of the British and Dutch East India companies, coffee became available in Europe no later than the sixteenth century, according to Leonhard Rauwolf's 1583 account.
Many experts believe this giant influx of cheap green coffee led to the prolonged pricing crisis from 2001 to the present.
Some controversy over these effects exists, since by its nature, coffee consumption is associated with other behavioral variables.
Coffee beans were first exported from Ethiopia to Yemen.
Coffee in large amounts has been found to be associated with increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, and occasional irregular heart beat.
Coffee can reduce the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma, a variety of liver cancer (Inoue 2005).
The officer who received the coffee beans, Polish military officer Franciszek Jerzy Kulczycki, opened the first coffee house in Vienna and helped popularize the custom of adding sugar and milk to the coffee.
Another more credible story is that the first coffeehouses were opened in Krakow in the sixteenth or seventeenth century because of closer trade ties with the East, most notably the Turks.
The coffee tree will grow fruits after 3–5 years, for about 50–60 years (although up to 100 years is possible).
The first college for the study of Christian theology and ecumenical inquiry has been the Serampore College (established 1818).
A number of products are sold for the convenience of consumers who do not want to prepare their own coffee.
Coffee beans from two different places, or coffee varietals, usually have distinctive characteristics, such as flavor (flavor criteria includes terms such as "citrus-like" or "earthy"), caffeine content, body or mouthfeel, and acidity.
When grown in the tropics, coffee is a vigorous bush or small tree easily grown to a height of 3–3.5 m (10–12 feet).
Women still worried about chemical solvents in decaffeinated coffee should opt for beans that use the Swiss water process, where no chemicals other than water are used, although higher amounts of caffeine remain.
Vending machines typically sell a number of varieties of canned coffee, available both hot and cold.
The word coffee entered English in 1598 via Italian caffи, via Turkish kahve, from Arabic qahwa.
Coffee is also bought and sold as a commodity on the New York Coffee, Sugar, and Cocoa Exchange.
Let’s defeat Satan by blessing this beverage, which contains nothing objectionable to a Christian.” With this endorsement, the coffee trade was assured success.
Organic coffee is produced under strict certification guidelines, and is grown without the use of potentially harmful artificial pesticides or fertilizers.
Arguably, better flavors will be produced when the coffee is grown in organic conditions.
A February 2003 Danish study of 18,478 women linked heavy coffee consumption during pregnancy to significantly increased risk of stillbirths (but no significantly increased risk of infant death in the first year).
Arabica coffees were traditionally named by the port they were exported from, the two oldest being Mocha, from Yemen, and Java, from Indonesia.
One can find “coffee breaks” in the work place, “coffee hour” following religious services, and coffee houses for socialization and entertainment.
The two main species of the coffee plant used to produce the beverage are Coffea arabica and Coffee canephora (robusta).
The processing of coffee typically refers to the agricultural and industrial processes needed to deliver whole roasted coffee beans to the consumer.
Coffee contains caffeine, which acts as a stimulant.
Recent research has uncovered additional stimulating effects of coffee that are not related to its caffeine content.
Many coffee drinkers are familiar with "coffee jitters," a nervous condition that occurs when one has had too much caffeine.
Consumption of coffee was outlawed in Mecca in 1511 and in Cairo in 1532, but in the face of its immense popularity, the decree was later rescinded.
Worldwide, an estimate of 15 billion coffee trees are growing on 100,000 kmІ of land.
Contemporary advertising tends to equate the term "coffee break" with rest and relaxation, despite coffee's stimulant role.
The modern coffee trade is much more specific about origin, labeling coffees by country, region, and sometimes even the producing estate.
Legend has it that the first coffeehouse opened in Vienna in 1683 after the Battle of Vienna, taking its supplies from the spoils left behind by the defeated Turks.
Today, coffee is consumed more than any beverage in the United States except water.
The blossom of the coffee tree is similar to jasmine in color and smell.
Social habits involving coffee in offices include the morning chat over coffee and the coffee break.
Some shops are miniature cafйs that specialize in coffee-to-go for hurried travelers, who may visit these on their way to work.
Canned coffee is a beverage that has been popular in Asian countries for many years, particularly in Japan and South Korea.
The reasons for this decline included the expansion of Brazilian coffee plantations and Vietnam's entry into the market in 1994, when the United States trade embargo against Vietnam was lifted.
Coffee is a beverage, usually served hot, prepared from the roasted seeds of the coffee plant.
Instant coffee has been dried into soluble powder or granules, which can be quickly dissolved in hot water for consumption.
The particular steps needed vary with the type of coffee desired, and with the raw material being worked with (e.g., pre-ground vs. whole bean).
To match with the often-busy life of Korean city dwellers, companies mostly have canned coffee with a wide variety of tastes.
Coffee ranks as one of the world's major commodity crops and is the major export product of some countries.
Decaffeinated coffee is occasionally regarded as a potential health risk to pregnant women, due to the high incidence of chemical solvents used to extract the caffeine.
Coffee increases the effectiveness of pain killers—especially migraine medications—and can rid some people of asthma.
Many office workers take a "coffee break" when their energy is diminished.
Some of the beneficial effects of coffee consumption may be restricted to one sex, for instance it has been shown to reduce the occurrence of gallstones and gallbladder disease in men.
When the coffee plant is grown in a traditional manner, under the shade of a forest canopy and without pesticides, there is little environmental harm.
Worldwide, 25 million small producers rely on coffee for a living.
In 1997 the "c" price of coffee in New York broke U.S. $3.00/pound, but by late 2001 it had fallen to U.S. $0.43/pound.
Coffee has been around since at least 800 B.C.E., originating in Africa and popularized throughout the Muslim world from 1000 C.E.
Many notable individuals have survived polio and often credit the prolonged immobility and residual paralysis associated with polio as a driving force in their lives and careers.
Coffee is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Dalcera abrasa, Turnip Moth, and some members of the genus Endoclita including E. damor and E. malabaricus.
Japanese convenience stores and groceries also have a wide availability of plastic-bottled coffee drinks, which typically are lightly sweetened and pre-blended with milk.
The first coffeehouse in England was set up in Oxford by a man named Jacob or Jacobs, a Turkish Jew, in 1650.
Spent coffee grounds are a good fertilizer in gardens because of their high nitrogen content.
Once the raw ("green") coffee beans arrive in their destination country, they are roasted.
The study concluded that consumption of coffee is associated with significant elevations in biochemical markers of inflammation.
Methylpyridinium is not present in raw coffee beans but is formed during the roasting process from trigonellin, which is common in raw coffee beans.
In 2005, however, the coffee prices rose, with the above-mentioned ICO Composite Index monthly averages between 78.79 (September) and 101.44 (March) U.S. cents per pound.
Much processing and human labor is required before coffee berries and its seed can be processed into roasted coffee with which most Western consumers are familiar.
Many people drink coffee for its ability to increase short-term recall and increase IQ.
Coffee is so popular in the Americas, the Middle East, and Europe that many restaurants specialize in coffee; these are called "coffeehouses" or "cafйs."
The first coffeehouse in London was opened two years later in St. Michael's Alley in Cornhill.
Practitioners in alternative medicine often recommend coffee enemas for "cleansing of the colon" due to its stimulus of peristalsis, although mainstream medicine has not proved any benefits of the practice.
TransFair USA is the primary organization overseeing Fair Trade coffee practices in the United States, while the Fairtrade Foundation does so in the United Kingdom.
Coffee aficionados may even distinguish auctioned coffees by lot number.
Decaffeinated coffee usually loses some flavor over normal coffees and tends to be more bitter.
Coffee contains an as yet unknown chemical agent that elicits the production of cortisone and adrenaline, two stimulating hormones.
Lastly, liquid coffee concentrate is sometimes used in large institutional situations where coffee needs to be produced for thousands of people at the same time.
When conditions permit, coffee bushes fruit aggressively, and the berries will develop at the expense of the rest of the bush.
The seeds, called "coffee beans" in the trade, are widely cultivated in tropical countries in plantations for both local consumption and export to temperate countries.
Coffee arabica is thought to be indigenous to Ethiopia and was first cultivated on the Arabian Peninsula.
To produce a maximum yield of coffee berries (800-1400 kg per hectare), the plants need substantial amounts of water and fertilizer.
A number of classifications are used to label coffee produced under certain environmental or labor standards.
On a global scale, some 500 million people utilize coffee directly or indirectly for their incomes.
Coffee can also increase blood pressure among those with high blood pressure, but follow-up studies showed that coffee still decreased the risk of dying from heart disease in the aggregate.
When conditions permit, coffee bushes fruit aggressively, and the berries will develop at the expense of the rest of the bush.
Coffee's Other Pitfalls. Like any drink that isn't water, coffee helps the bacteria in your mouth to create acids that can lead to tooth and enamel erosion. This can cause your teeth to become thin and brittle. Coffee can also cause bad breath, or halitosis, because it sticks to the tongue.May 4, 2015
There is a popular Ethiopian legend wherein coffee is discovered by a goat herder named Kaldi, who found his goats frolicking and full of energy after eating the red fruit of the coffee shrub. Kaldi tried the fruit for himself and had a similar reaction.Apr 8, 2013
The 2013 study found that drinking caffeinated coffee acted as an antidepressant and significantly reduced the risk of suicidal tendencies. Drink two to four cups per day to reap the mood-boosting benefits.
ETHIOPIA. The coffee plant, which was discovered in Ethiopia in the 11th Century, has a white blossom that smells like jasmine and a red, cherry-like fruit. Back then, the leaves of the so-called "magical fruit" were boiled in water and the resulting concoction was thought to have medicinal properties.
The native (undomesticated) origin of coffee is thought to have been Ethiopia. The earliest substantiated evidence of either coffee drinking or knowledge of the coffee tree is from the 15th century, in the Sufi monasteries of Yemen.
The story of Kaldi, the 9th-century Ethiopian goatherd who discovered coffee when he noticed how excited his goats became after eating the beans from a coffee plant, did not appear in writing until 1671 and is probably apocryphal.
People who drink a lot of coffee are less likely to develop type 2 diabetes than people who drink smaller amounts, or no coffee at all, according to some studies. According to Harvard Medical School, this is because it contains ingredients that lower blood sugar. It isn't known which ingredient causes this effect.Jun 29, 2015
In the Indian context, coffee growing started with an Indian Muslim saint, Baba Budan, who, while returning from a pilgrimage to Mecca, smuggled seven coffee beans (by hiding them in his beard) from Yemen to Mysore in India.
By the 17th century, coffee had made its way to Europe and was becoming popular across the continent. Some people reacted to this new beverage with suspicion or fear, calling it the “bitter invention of Satan.” The local clergy condemned coffee when it came to Venice in 1615.
► Keep your caffeine intake about the same. Keep amounts of coffee, tea, cola, and other soft drinks with caffeine about the same from day to day. Less caffeine can cause your lithium level to increase; more caffeine can cause your lithium level to decrease. ► Avoid alcoholic beverages.