Columbus Day first became an official state holiday in Colorado in 1906, and became a federal holiday in the United States in 1937, though people have celebrated Columbus' voyage since the colonial period.
The first statewide Columbus Day holiday was proclaimed by Colorado governor Jesse F. McDonald in 1905, and it was made a statutory holiday in 1907.
The state government does not treat either Columbus Day or Discoverers' Day as a legal holiday.
Teachers, preachers, poets, and politicians used Columbus Day rituals to teach ideals of patriotism.
Hawaii, the United States, Myanmar, and Singapore also have their own versions of curry.
Opposition to Columbus Day dates to at least the nineteenth century when activists had sought to eradicate Columbus Day celebrations because of its association with immigrants and the Knights of Columbus.
Indigenous People's Day is usually held on the second Monday of October, coinciding with federal observance of Columbus Day.
The first Hispanic March on Washington occurred on Columbus Day in 1996.
Most states celebrate Columbus Day as an official state holiday, though many mark it as a "Day of Observance" or "Recognition" and three do not recognize it at all.
Some Caribbean countries also observe holidays related to Columbus Day.
The celebration began in Berkeley, California in 1992 as an alternative to Columbus Day.
South Dakota celebrates the day as an official state holiday known as "Native American Day" rather than Columbus Day.
Columbus Day celebrations reminded immigrants that they could preserve their own ethnic identities while simultaneously embracing the new nation.
San Francisco claims the nation's oldest continuously existing celebration with the Italian-American community's annual Columbus Day Parade, which was established by Nicola Larco in 1868, while New York City boasts the largest.
In April 1934, as a result of lobbying by the Knights of Columbus, Congress, and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt made October 12 a federal holiday under the name Columbus Day.
Indigenous People's Day (also known as Native American Day) is a holiday celebrated in various localities in the United States, begun as a counter-celebration to Columbus Day.
In 1892, President Benjamin Harrison called upon the people of the United States to celebrate Columbus Day on the 400th anniversary of the event.
Virginia also celebrates two legal holidays on the day, Columbus Day and Yorktown Victory Day, which honors the final victory at the Siege of Yorktown in the Revolutionary War.
A second strain of the criticism of Columbus Day focuses on the character of Columbus himself.
Coincidentally this set Columbus Day on the same day as Thanksgiving in neighboring Canada (which was fixed to that date in 1959) (note that October 12, 1970, was a Monday).
Columbus Day was originally a celebration of the coming together of various cultures to create a new nation, but for many, the image of Columbus and his arrival in the Americas has become too narrow.
Iowa and Nevada do not celebrate Columbus Day as an official holiday; however, the governor is "authorized and requested" by statute to proclaim the day each year.
Columbus Day was first enshrined as a legal holiday in the United States through the lobbying of Angelo Noce, a first generation Italian, in Denver.
Many Italian-Americans observe Columbus Day as a celebration of their heritage, the first occasion being in New York City on October 12, 1866.