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Facts about Descartes

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Descartes was born in La Haye en Touraine (now Descartes), Indre-et-Loire, France.

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So Descartes concludes that the only indubitable knowledge is that he is a thinking thing.

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The village in the Loire Valley where he was born was renamed La Haye—Descartes in 1802, which was shortened to "Descartes" in 1967.

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On November 10, 1618, while walking through Breda, Descartes met Isaac Beeckman, who sparked his interest in mathematics and the new physics, particularly the problem of the fall of heavy bodies.

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The first item of unshakable knowledge that Descartes argues for is the aforementioned cogito, or thinking thing.

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Descartes concludes that he can be certain that he exists because he thinks.

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Descartes was interviewed by Frans Burman at Egmond-Binnen in 1648.

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Leibniz's Thйodicйe (1710) was meant to directly address the problem of evil in history in light of divinely ordained plan.

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Renй Descartes died on February 11, 1650, in Stockholm, Sweden, where he had been invited as a teacher for Queen Christina of Sweden.

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Descartes is often regarded as the first modern thinker to provide a philosophical framework for the natural sciences as they began to develop.

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Descartes suggested that the pineal gland is "the seat of the soul" for several reasons.

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Second, Descartes observed that the pineal gland was located near the ventricles.

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Others believe that Descartes may have contracted pneumonia as result of nursing a French ambassador, Dejion A. Nopeleen, ill with the aforementioned disease, back to health.

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Descartes' theory provided the basis for the calculus of Newton and Leibniz, by applying infinitesimal calculus to the tangent line problem, thus permitting the evolution of that branch of modern mathematics.

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Finally, distinguishing between hepatic causes of jaundice, comparing levels of AST and ALT can prove useful.

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In 1633, Galileo was condemned by the Roman Catholic Church, and Descartes abandoned plans to publish Treatise on the World, his work of the previous four years.

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Initially, Descartes arrives at only a single principle: Thought exists.

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Cartesian dualism set the agenda for philosophical discussion of the mind-body problem for many years after Descartes's death.

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Descartes also wrote a response to skepticism about the existence of the external world.

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Descartes was present at the siege of La Rochelle by Cardinal Richelieu in 1627.

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Descartes never actually practiced law, however, and in 1618, during the Thirty Years' War, he entered the service of Maurice of Nassau, leader of the United Provinces of the Netherlands.

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To further demonstrate the limitations of the senses, Descartes proceeds with what is known as the Wax Argument.

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Descartes' rule of signs is also a commonly used method in modern mathematics to determine possible quantities of positive and negative zeros of a function.

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Descartes continued to publish works concerning both mathematics and philosophy for the rest of his life.

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One of Descartes' most enduring legacies was his development of Cartesian geometry, the algebraic system taught in schools today.

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Descartes argued that only humans have minds, and that the mind interacts with the body at the pineal gland.

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Descartes invented analytic geometry, and discovered the law of conservation of momentum.

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On November 10, 1619, while traveling in Germany and thinking about using mathematics to solve problems in physics, Descartes had a dream through which he "discovered the foundations of a marvelous science.

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Descartes was a major figure in seventeenth century continental rationalism, later advocated by Baruch Spinoza and Gottfried Leibniz, and opposed by the empiricist school of thought consisting of Hobbes, Locke, Berkeley, and Hume.

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In 1643, Cartesian philosophy was condemned at the University of Utrecht, and Descartes began his long correspondence with Princess Elizabeth of Bohemia.

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Descartes suggested that the body works like a machine, that it has the material properties of extension and motion, and that it follows the laws of physics.

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Descartes also studied St. Augustine's concept of free will, the belief that human will is essentially equal to God's will; that is, that humans are naturally independent of God's will.

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Descartes defines "thought" (cogitatio) as "what happens in me such that I am immediately conscious of it, insofar as I am conscious of it."

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Descartes frequently sets his views apart from those of his predecessors.

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Descartes also made contributions to the field of optics.

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Renй Descartes (French IPA: ) (March 31, 1596 – February 11, 1650), also known as Renatus Cartesius (latinized form), was a highly influential French philosopher, mathematician, scientist, and writer.

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