Rat bites and scratches can result in disease and rat-bite fever. Rat urine is responsible for the spread of leptospirosis, which can result in liver and kidney damage. It can also be contracted through handling or inhalation of scat. Complications include renal and liver failure, as well as cardiovascular problems.
Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus (LCMV) Lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM) is a rare viral disease that can be transmitted through the urine, droppings, saliva, or cage material of infected wild and domestic rodents, including hamsters, guinea pigs, rats, mice, and other small rodents.Dec 18, 2017
BacteriaVibrio cholerae (cholera)Clostridium difficile (pseudomembranous enterocolitis)Shigella (shigellosis / bacillary dysentery)Salmonella typhii (typhoid fever)Vibrio parahaemolyticus.Escherichia coli.Campylobacter.
Major microbial infections associated with hedgehogs include bacteria such as Salmonella and Mycobacteria, as well as some fungal and viral diseases (2). ... We distinguished major established zoonotic infections, such as salmonellosis or ringworm, from other less common or potential zoonoses carried by hedgehogs.Jan 1, 2011
Human papillomavirus infection (HPV) can cause genital warts and cervical and other genital cancers. STDs can be passed from a mother to her baby before, during or immediately after birth. Some of these newborn infections can be cured easily, but others may cause a baby to be permanently disabled or even die.