Finally, the last two states, Alaska and Hawaii, entered the union during Eisenhower's second term.
Eisenhower is purported to have said that his September 1953 appointment of California Governor Earl Warren as Chief Justice of the United States was "the biggest damn fool mistake I ever made."
The Eisenhower home served as the local meeting hall from 1896 to 1915, but he and his brothers also stopped associating regularly after 1915.
I like Ike' campaign badges became popular among his supporters and Eisenhower eventually asked to be relieved of his command in order to run for the presidency.
One of Eisenhower's lesser known but most important acts as president was championing the construction of the modern day Interstate highway system, modeled after the Autobahns that American troops had seen in Germany.
Dwight Eisenhower was born in Denison, Texas, the third of seven sons born to David Jacob Eisenhower and Ida Elizabeth Stover, and their only child born in Texas.
Eisenhower became executive officer to General Fox Conner in the Panama Canal Zone, where he served until 1924.
Like Lincoln, Eisenhower abhorred degrading racist attitudes, racial injustice, and, particularly, violence against blacks that undermined the nation's democratic ideals.
In 1942, Eisenhower was appointed Commanding General, European Theater of Operations (ETOUSA) and was based in London.
During the late 1920s and early 1930s Eisenhower's career in the peacetime Army stagnated; many of his friends resigned for high paying business jobs.
Eisenhower was an early supporter of the Morgenthau Plan which would have placed Germany's main industrial areas under international governance and turned over most land to agriculture.
After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Eisenhower was assigned to the General Staff in Washington, where he served until June 1942 with responsibility for creating the major war plans to defeat Japan and Germany.
Eisenhower also ordered the integration of the U.S. armed forces.
Following Germany's unconditional surrender on May 8, 1945, Eisenhower was appointed Military Governor of the U.S.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was the highest ranking American military officer during World War II and the 34th President of the United States.
Eisenhower retired from active service on May 31, 1952, upon entering politics.
After his many wartime successes, General Eisenhower returned to the U.S. a great hero.
Following the landmark 1954 civil rights ruling Brown v. Board of Education desegregating U.S. public schools, and growing civil unrest in the South, Eisenhower recognized that the federal government had a necessary role to play.
The family moved to Abilene, Kansas, in 1892 and Eisenhower graduated from Abilene High School in 1909.
John Eisenhower served in the United States Army, then became an author and served as U.S.
The Eisenhower family is of German descent (Eisenhower) and came from the Lorraine region of France but had lived in America since the eighteenth century.
After the capitulation of Axis forces in North Africa, Eisenhower remained in command of the renamed Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO), keeping the operational title and continued in command of NATOUSA redesignated MTOUSA.
Eisenhower had little tolerance for racial bigotry and ordered the complete desegregation of America's armed forces.
Throughout his presidency, Eisenhower preached a doctrine of dynamic conservatism.
Later, the order of his given names was switched (according to the Eisenhower Library and Museum, the name switch occurred upon Eisenhower's matriculation at West Point).
On November 29, 1952 U.S. President-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower fulfilled a campaign promise by traveling to Korea to learn what could be done to end the conflict.
Eisenhower retired to the place where he and Mamie had spent much of their post-war time, a working farm, now a National Historic Site, adjacent to the battlefield at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
Like earlier American statesmen who have been faulted for racial attitudes that seem unenlightened by contemporary standards, notably Abraham Lincoln, Eisenhower was a product of his time.
Eisenhower has sometimes been criticized for his cautious approach to the emerging civil rights movement.
Eisenhower enrolled at the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York, in June 1911.
Prior to taking office as president, Eisenhower worked to bring North and South Korea to a negotiated truce to conclude the Korean War in 1953.
Eisenhower won Congressional passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1957 and additional voting rights legislation in 1960, which were important precedents for more comprehensive civil rights legislation in the following years.
Eisenhower was offered the Medal of Honor for his leadership in the European Theater but refused it, saying that it should be reserved for bravery and valor.
Eisenhower married Mamie Geneva Doud (1896–1979), of Denver, Colorado, on July 1, 1916.
When Eisenhower was five years old, his parents became followers of the Watch Tower Society, whose members later took the name Jehovah's Witnesses.
Eisenhower was thus the first US Cold War President to meet with a Soviet leader, a move that many Republicans opposed.
Eisenhower brought Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev to tour the U.S. in 1959, but a planned reciprocal visit was canceled by the Soviets after they shot down an American spy plane (the U-2 Crisis of 1960).
USS Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Nimitz-class supercarrier, was named in his honor.
In 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down laws that segregated schools in the U.S. South and in 1957 Eisenhower ordered federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to uphold the Court's ruling.
Eisenhower was a strong athlete, and he was on the football team.
Eisenhower died at 12:25 P.M. on March 28, 1969, at Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington D.C., of Congestive heart failure at the age of 78.
Eisenhower refused, and acquiesced in the division of Vietnam into a Communist North and a South informally allied with the United States, and sent a few hundred advisers.
Eisenhower's campaign was a crusade against the Truman administration's prosecution of the Korean War.
During the height of the Cold War, Eisenhower sought to counter Soviet expansionism yet rejected military intervention in Vietnam despite communist takeover in the North.
Eisenhower was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel in 1936 after 16 years as a Major.
During World War I, Eisenhower became the No.
Eisenhower gained his fourth star and gave up command of ETOUSA to be commander of NATOUSA.
Eisenhower was also the first president since Reconstruction to personally meet with black civil rights leaders.
Eisenhower returned to the U.S. in 1939 and held a series of staff positions in Washington, D.C., California, and Texas.
Eisenhower's picture was on the dollar coin from 1971 to 1979 and reappeared on a commemorative silver dollar issued in 1990, celebrating the 100th anniversary of his birth.
John's son, David Eisenhower, after whom Camp David, the presidential retreat located in Maryland, is named, married Richard Nixon's daughter Julie Nixon in 1968.
Upon completion of his Presidential terms, Eisenhower was reactivated and he again was commissioned a five-star general in the United States Army.
On January 17, 1961, Eisenhower gave his final televised speech from the Oval Office.
Eisenhower by most estimates achieved more toward making equal treatment advanced civil rights for minority Americans more than any president since Reconstruction.
The tenuousness surrounding the entire decision including the timing and the location of the Normandy invasion might be summarized by a short speech that Eisenhower wrote in advance, in case he might need it.
Long after the successful landings on D-Day and the BBC broadcast of Eisenhower's brief speech concerning them, the never-used second speech was found in a shirt pocket by an aide.
Not long after his return, a "Draft Eisenhower" movement in the Republican Party persuaded him to declare his candidacy in the 1952 presidential election to counter the candidacy of isolationist Senator Robert A. Taft.
Eisenhower served as Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army from 1945-1948.
Eisenhower graduated in 1915 near the bottom of his class, surprisingly, since he went on to achieve the military's highest rank.
A week later Eisenhower twisted his knee during the game against Tufts University and then further injuring the weakened knee during a riding drill, ending his football career.
Eisenhower visited American soldiers on the front lines and revived the stalled peace talks.
Eisenhower promised to go to Korea himself and both end the war and maintain a strong NATO presence abroad against Communism.
In 1954, the French implored Eisenhower to send the U.S. Navy to rescue Vietnam from communist advances in the north.
After the war Eisenhower reverted to his regular rank of Captain and was shortly promoted to Major before assuming duties at Camp Meade, Maryland, where he remained until 1922.
After his many wartime successes, General Eisenhower returned to the U.S. a great hero.
Eisenhower's reputation has risen since that time because of his non-partisan governing philosophy, his wartime leadership, his action in Arkansas, and his prudent management of the economy.