To put it simply, the role of the state and the importance of nations are greater in internationalization, while globalization in its complete form eliminates nation states.
The United States’ global interventionist policy is also a stumbling point for those that claim globalization has entered a stage of inevitability.
The term globalization was apparently first published in a 1962 article in Spectator magazine, but it began to enter everyday English usage after the 1962 publication of Marshall McLuhan’s Gutenberg Galaxy.
Economic integration helps steer the world toward globalization.
More negatively, however, globalization has thus far sustained or increased various arbitrary hierarchies in contemporary society.
Some advocates of this warrant for anti-globalization are Pat Buchanan in the U.S. and Jean-Marie Le Pen in France.
Some "anti-globalization" activists object to the fact that the current "globalization" globalizes money and corporations and at the same time refuses to globalize people and unions.
Critics of the anti-globalization movement argue that it is not elected and as such does not necessarily represent or is not held accountable to a broad spectrum of people.
Various aspects of globalization are seen as harmful by public-interest activists as well as strong state nationalists.
The bright side of globalization has in certain cases improved possibilities for young people, poor countries, women, and other subordinate social circles, allowing them to realize their potentials.
Economists tend to judge globalization largely in terms of the gains or losses that it brings to the productive development of scarce world resources.
The inequities have flowed largely from the policies that have been applied to globalization rather than from globalization per se.
Globalization, as a concept, refers both to the "shrinking" of the world and the increased consciousness of the world as a whole.
Contemporary globalization has had some important positive consequences with respect to cultural regeneration, communications, decentralization of power, economic efficiency, and the range of available products.
The period of the gold standard and liberalization of the nineteenth century is often called "The Second Era of Globalization."
Some argue that globalization imposes credit-based economics, resulting in unsustainable growth of debt and debt crises.
Globalization shares a number of characteristics with internationalization and is used interchangeably, although some prefer to use globalization to emphasize the erosion of the nation-state or national boundaries.
The current or recently-past epoch of globalization has been dominated by the nation-state, national economies, and national cultural identities.
Globalization has not displaced deeper social structures in relation to production (capitalism), governance (the state and bureaucratism more generally), community (the notion and communitarianism more generally), and knowledge (rationalism).
Another more conservative camp in opposition to globalization are state-centric nationalists that fear globalization is displacing the role of nations in global politics and point to NGOs as impeding the power of individual nations.
The principle policy concern of globalization is usually put in terms of issues of economic efficiency.
Supporters of the boycott accused Nestlй of unethical methods of promoting infant formula over breast milk to poor mothers in Third World countries.
Many "anti-globalization" activists see globalization as the promotion of a corporatist agenda, which is intent on constricting the freedoms of individuals in the name of profit.
So, instead of being the first, this can rightfully be called the second (and decisive) state on the way to globalization—first Eurasia, then the world.
The new form of globalization is an interconnected world and global mass culture, often referred to as a "global village."