Kabul Zoo was inaugurated in 1967, which was maintained with the help of visiting German Zoologists.
The prefect who is also the governor of Kabul province, is appointed by the Ministry of Interior, and is responsible for the administrative and formal issues of the entire province.
Kabul was captured by the Taliban in September 1996, publicly lynching ex-President Najibullah and his brother.
Kabul's main products include munitions, cloth, furniture and beet sugar, but, since 1978, a state of nearly continuous war has limited economic productivity.
The Taliban abandoned Kabul because of extensive American bombing, while the Afghan Northern Alliance (former mujahideen or millias) came to retake the city.
Kabul International Airport is the base for Ariana Afghan Airlines, Afghanistan's national carrier.
The British invaded in 1878 as Kabul was under Sher Ali Khan's rule, but the British residents were again massacred.
The Kabul River, that rises in the Sanglakh Range in Afghanistan, is little more than a trickle for most of the year, but swells in summer due to melting snows.
Kabul had a population of 2,994,000 in 2005.
The mayor of Kabul city is selected by the President of Afghanistan, and is responsible for the city's planning and environmental work.
Spring in Kabul starts in late March and is the wettest part of the year.
Foreign aid has enabled reconstruction, and the City of Light Development is one extensive plan for Kabul's redevelopment.
About 4 miles (6 km) from downtown Kabul, in Bagrami, a 22-acre (9 ha) wide industrial complex has been completed.
Over the centuries of Kabul's history, invaders included the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great, Muslim Arabs, Turkic peoples, the Mongols, the British Empire, and the Soviet Union.
The United Nations estimated that about 90 percent of the buildings in Kabul were destroyed during these years.
Highways link Kabul with Pakistan to the east and Tajikistan to the north.
conquered Kabul during his conquest of the Persian Empire.
conquered Kabul in the early first century and the city remained Kushan territory until the third century C.E.
In 1975, an east-west electric trolleybus system, built with help from Czechoslovakia, was opened in Kabul.
Kabul has a semi-arid climate with precipitation concentrated in the winter in the form of snow and spring months.
Despite the devastation of war, there are sights worth seeing in Kabul.
Kabul has a fleet of approximately 800 Millie Buses.
The city of Kabul is thought to have been established between 2000 B.C.E.
Kabul city is one of the 15 districts of Kabul Province, and is divided into 18 sectors, each of which covers several neighborhoods.
Kabul is linked with Ghazni, Kandahar, Herat and Mazar-e Sharif via a long beltway (circular highway) that stretches across the country.
Kabul is situated 5,900 feet (1800 meters) above sea level in a narrow valley, between the two steep Asmai and Sherdawaza mountain ranges along the Kabul River.
The city is situated 5,900 feet (1,800 m) above sea level in a narrow valley, between two steep ranges of the Hindu Kush mountains along the Kabul River.
Kabul was factionalized, and fighting continued between Jamiat-e Islami, Abdul Rashid Dostum and the Hezbi Wahdat.
Kabul became part of the Kushano-Hephthalite Kingdom of Kapisa, who were known as Kabul-Shahan.
Kabul University opened for classes in early 1930s, and in 1940s, the city began to grow as an industrial center.
The American Embassy in Kabul closed on January 30, 1989.
The old part of Kabul is filled with bazaars nestled along its narrow, crooked streets.
The rulers of Kabul-Shahan built a huge defensive wall around the city which has survived.
Human waste was contained in open sewers, which flowed into the Kabul River and contaminated the city’s drinking water.
On December 20, 2001, Kabul became the capital of the Afghan Transitional Administration, which transformed to the present government of Afghanistan that is led by US-backed President Hamid Karzai (b.
In 674, Islamic invaders occupied Kabul, although it was not until the ninth century when Ya'qub bin Laith as-Saffar (840-879), a coppersmith turned ruler, established Islam in Kabulistan.
Universities in Kabul include: Kabul University, Kabul Polytechnic, American University of Afghanistan, National Military Academy of Afghanistan, University of Afghanistan, Kabul Medical University, and the International School of Kabul.
In 1929, Ammanullah Khan left Kabul because of a local uprising and his brother Nader Khan took control.
Kabul holds a commanding position of the mountain passes from both the north and the south, as well as the main approaches through the Khyber Pass from Pakistan and India.
Expanding poppy cultivation and a growing opium trade generate roughly $4-billion in illicit economic activity and looms as one of Kabul's most serious policy concerns.
The Greco-Bactrian Kingdom captured Kabul from the Mauryans in the early second century B.C.E., then lost the city to their subordinates in the Indo-Greek Kingdom in the mid second century B.C.E.