Kampala is also home to the headquarters of the East African Development Bank, and has the head offices for most of Uganda’s large firms.
Kampala has a technical institute and is the location of Makerere University, which was founded in 1922 and for many years was the only such educational institution in East Africa.
The city is coterminous with the District of Kampala.
Kampala is located in Uganda's most prosperous agricultural section, and exports coffee, cotton, tea, tobacco, and sugar.
Kampala had an estimated population of 1,208,544 in 2002.
Kampala is said to be built on seven hills.
The name Kampala derives from the British name for the area, "the hills of the Impala."
Limited employment outside Kampala during the 1970s and 1980s encouraged migration to the city.
Kampala is also known for its nightlife, which includes a casino.
Before the arrival of the British, Mutesa I (1837–1884) the Kabaka (king) of Buganda had chosen the area that was to become Kampala as one of his favorite hunting grounds.
In 1890, Frederick Lugard constructed a fort for the British East Africa Company on the little hill of Kampala.
On April 11, 1979, Kampala was captured, and Amin fled with his remaining forces.
Inter-tribal marriage in Uganda is still rare, and although many Kampala residents have been born and bred in the city they still define themselves by their tribal roots.
The Kampala district is one of Uganda's 80 districts across four administrative regions.
Entebbe International Airport is the principal international airport of Uganda, and is located near the town of Entebbe, on the shores of Lake Victoria, and about 21 miles (35km) from Kampala.
Boda-boda bicycle or motorcycle taxis are a popular mode of transport in Kampala.
Kampala, the largest city of Uganda, became that nation's capital city when it gained independence from Britain in 1962.
Uganda's roads, which are of variable quality, radiate from Kampala, although the network is sparse in the north.
Kampala enjoys a mild equable climate due to its altitude and the cooling breezes from the mountains, even though it is located a little north of the equator.