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Facts about Kidneys

Kidneys

The kidneys are "bean-shaped" organs, having a concave side facing inwards (medially).

Kidneys

The kidneys excrete a variety of waste products produced by metabolism, including the nitrogenous wastes: urea (from protein catabolism) and uric acid (from nucleic acid metabolism).

Kidneys

The medical field that studies the kidneys and diseases affecting them is called nephrology, from the Greek name for kidney; the adjective from Latin meaning "kidney-related" is renal.

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Kidneys

Kidneys weigh about 0.5 percent of a person's total body weight.

Kidneys

The kidneys are bean-shaped excretory organs in vertebrates.

Kidneys

The kidneys are retroperitoneal, which means they lie behind the peritoneum, the lining of the abdominal cavity.

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Kidneys

Congenital absence of one or both kidneys, known as unilateral or bilateral renal agenesis, respectively, can occur.

Kidneys

Medical terms related to the kidneys involve the prefixes renal- and nephro-.

Kidneys

The kidneys regulate the pH, by eliminating H ions concentration called augmentation mineral ion concentration, and water composition of the blood.

Kidneys

The kidneys secrete a variety of hormones, including erythropoietin and urodilatin, as well as vitamin D.

Kidneys

Part of the urinary system, the kidneys filter and excrete wastes from the blood, principally nitrogenous wastes originating from protein and amino acid metabolism.

Kidneys

The kidneys demonstrate the remarkable harmony of the vertebrate body, working together with the circulatory, digestive, nervous, and endocrine systems to allow an integrated, properly functioning body.