The city of Petrograd was renamed Leningrad in Lenin’s honor three days after his death.
At this period, he started using various aliases, finally settling upon Lenin.
Lenin was the author of several theoretical works in philosophy, such as Materialism and Empiriocriticism which became fundamental in Marxism-LeninismMarxist-Leninist]] philosophy.
During his exile Lenin co-founded the newspaper Iskra (Russian for the spark—the spark that ignites the flame of communism) with Julius Martov, who later became a leading opponent.
The Soviet government commissioned the well-known German neuroscientist Oskar Vogt to study Lenin's brain and to locate the precise location of the brain cells that are responsible for "genius."
Lenin adopted the position that what he described as an “imperialist war” should be turned into a civil war between the classes.
On November 8, Lenin was elected as the Premier of the Council of People's Commissars by the Russian Soviet Congress.
The extent to which Lenin was both the philosophical and the structural architect of the Soviet system is evidenced by the fact that the ideology of the state is often termed Marxism-Leninism.
After his first stroke, Lenin dictated several papers regarding the government to his wife.
From early 1918, Lenin campaigned for a single, democratically accountable individual to be put in charge of each enterprise, which was contrary to most conceptions of workers' self-management, but absolutely essential for efficiency and expertise.
The city of Leningrad returned to its original name, Saint Petersburg, but the surrounding Leningrad Oblast still carries his name.
Lenin was aware of pogroms carried out by units of the Red Army during the war with Poland, though the whole issue was effectively ignored.
Lenin responded to these efforts by a policy of wholesale persecution, which included jailing some of the members of the opposing parties.
Lenin's Testament was first officially published in 1926 in the United States by Max Eastman.
Instead his body was embalmed and placed on permanent exhibition in the Lenin Mausoleum in Moscow on January 27, 1924.
The Swiss communist Fritz Platten (1883-1942), however, managed to negotiate with the German government for Lenin and his company to travel through Germany by train.
Lenin also wrote several articles and books related to the revolutionary movement.
Lenin eventually recovered, though his health declined from this point.
On January 14, 1918, an assassination attempt was made against Lenin’s car by unknown gunmen in Petrograd.
On March 3, 1918, Lenin removed Russia from World War I by agreeing to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, under which Russia lost significant territories in Europe.
Lenin’s Imperialism the Highest Stage of Capitalism (1916) countered Bernstein.
A famous painting by Belousov, We Will Follow a Different Path, which was reprinted in millions of Soviet textbooks, depicted young Lenin and his mother grieving the loss of his elder brother.
Most statues of Lenin have been torn down in Eastern Europe, but many still remain in Russia.
Lenin has fought thirty years for the revolution.
Lenin argues that there is only one way to stop imperialism, the new brand of capitalism—that is through cutting off their markets in their colonies.
After an uprising by the sailors at Kronstadt in March 1921, Lenin replaced the policy of War Communism with the New Economic Policy (NEP), in a successful attempt to rebuild industry and, especially, agriculture.
Initially, Lenin isolated his party through this lurch to the left.
The citizens of Ulyanovsk, Lenin's birthplace, have so far resisted all attempts to revert its name to Simbirsk.
Michael Voslensky in his book The Nomenklatura states that Lenin joked that while nations had the right to secession they would not have the opportunity for secession.
When the shooting started, "Platten grabbed Lenin by the head and pushed him down.
Lenin was taken to his apartment in the Kremlin, refusing to venture to a hospital since he believed that other assassins would be waiting there.
Once through Germany, Lenin continued by ferry to Sweden, and the rest of the trip through Scandinavia was arranged by the Swedish Communists Otto Grimlund and Ture Nerman.
The official cause given for Lenin's death was cerebral arteriosclerosis, or a fourth stroke.
Most famous of these is Lenin's testament, which, among other things, criticized top-ranking communists, especially Josef Stalin.
Faced with the threat of a continuing German advance eastwards, Lenin argued that Russia should immediately sign a peace treaty.
Lenin is credited with translating the Communist Manifesto from German into Russian.
Members of the Communist International, including Lenin and the Bolsheviks themselves, broke off from the broader socialist movement.
Lenin also developed the theory of Imperialism that proposed spreading Communism in the developing world to encircle the West.
Lenin's preserved body is on permanent display at the Lenin Mausoleum in Moscow.
Lenin's brain was removed before his body was embalmed.
When in late 1918 Kamenev and Bukharin tried to curb the "excesses" of the Cheka, it was Lenin who defended it.
On April 16, 1917, Lenin arrived in Petrograd and took a leading role within the Bolshevik movement, publishing the April Theses, which called for an uncompromising opposition to the provisional government.
Lenin also put forth the need for a "revolutionary vanguard," asserting that the working class could never achieve proletarian consciousness by itself.
Meanwhile, Aleksandr Kerensky and other opponents of the Bolsheviks accused Lenin of being a paid German agent.
The revelations resulting from the opening of the historical archives of the Soviet Union make it clear that the seeds and the rationale for genocide did not begin with Stalin but with Lenin.
Platten’s hand was covered in blood, having been grazed by a bullet as he was shielding Lenin.
Lenin’s brother was given several opportunities by Tsarist authorities to recant his position with the promise that he would receive a more lenient sentence were he to do so.
Lenin remained an enthusiastic advocate of mass terror.
Lenin died on January 21, 1924, at the age of 53.
The German government hoped Lenin would cause political unrest back in Russia, which would help to end the war on the Eastern front.
Lenin worked for some years in Samara, Russia, then in 1893 moved to Saint Petersburg.
Lenin's writings were carefully censored under the Soviet regime after his death.
After a failed Bolshevik uprising in July, Lenin fled to Finland for safety.
The central committee justified this by stating that Lenin had been mentally ill in his final years and, as such, his final judgments were not to be trusted.
Lenin lobbied for socializing the health care system, the emancipation of women, and teaching the illiterate Russian people to read and write.
Lenin's legacy, around which a personality cult developed in the USSR, was an oppressive system that dictated how people lived their lives, where they lived, and what they thought.
Lenin maintained and demonstrated through the writings of Marx and Engels that instead it would have to be lead by a "dictatorship of the proletariat".
On August 30, 1918, Fanya Kaplan, a member of the Socialist Revolutionary Party, approached Lenin after he had spoken at a meeting and was on the way to his car.
Children were taught stories about "granddaddy Lenin" while they were still in kindergarten.