Indirect lobbying can take the form of advertising campaigns, media publicity, the filing of lawsuits, and public relations initiatives; or of influencing the people who are in direct contact with the decision-maker.
Lobbying, properly defined, is subject to control by Congress….
Lobbying takes place at the European level itself and within the existing national states.
The U.S. Supreme Court has rejected congressional efforts to regulate grassroots communications as a form of "lobbying," on constitutional grounds.
Lobbying takes place on international, national, state, local, and municipal levels, wherever a government or organization of any kind makes decisions on public policy.
Until the late 1970s, lobbying in Brussels was mostly "diplomatic lobbying" carried out at the highest levels.
The practice of polygamy within the various cultures of Africa is traditional, with either Islamic (supportive) or Christian (prohibitive) colonial influences.
Attempts to regulate lobbying in other Eastern European countries have not brought satisfactory results.
We agree that lobbying by personal contact may be an evil and a potential danger to the best in legislative processes.
Lobbying expanded rapidly in Brussels following the first direct election of the European Parliament in 1979.
Grasstop lobbying involves the mobilization of community leaders, professional associations, celebrities and well-known figures who are able to influence public opinion and apply substantial pressure to political figures.
Grassroots lobbying is the mobilization of large numbers of ordinary citizens to sign petitions, write letters, participate in demonstrations and otherwise make their opinions known to their political representatives.
According to the BBC, the term “lobbying” comes from the gathering of Members of Parliament and peers in the hallways (or lobbies) of Houses of Parliament before and after parliamentary debates.
Direct lobbying involves meeting personally with congressmen or decision makers and providing them with information pertinent to a bill or policy on which they will be voting.
Lobbying in the United States has received considerable attention in Congress, in political debates, the media and even internationally.
The Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act (1946), required lobbyists and the groups they represented to register and report contributions and expenditures.
Lobbying is the practice of trying to persuade legislators or officials to propose, pass, or defeat legislation or to change existing laws.
Cultivating good relationships with politicians and influential people is essential to lobbying.