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Facts about Macedonia

Macedonia

South Slavic tribes settled in the territory of the present-day Republic of Macedonia in the sixth century]], pushing out some existing populations, while many others were assimilated.

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Officially open to all the disgruntled elements in Macedonia and the Adrianople region, regardless of their nationality, most members were Slavic/Bulgarian-speakers.

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Mogamed Ibragimov also brought the first Olympic medal for Macedonia since its independence.

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Most of Macedonia drains south-east into the Aegean Sea, via the Vardar River and its tributaries.

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The United Nations, to which it was admitted in 1993, and other international institutions and countries use the provisional reference "the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" (F.Y.R.O.M.

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The valley of the river Vardar, which was later to become the central area of the Republic of Macedonia, was liberated from Ottoman rule after the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878, becoming part of Bulgaria.

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The territory of the present-day Republic of Macedonia was then named Juћna Srbija, "Southern Serbia."

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Another important monument of Islamic culture in Vardar Macedonia is the Painted Mosque in Tetovo.

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Macedonians make up 64.2 percent of the population, Albanians 25.2 percent, Turkish 3.9 percent, Roma (Gypsy) 2.7 percent, Serb 1.8 percent, other 2.2 percent, according to the 2002 census.

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Each year a festival of amateur and experimental Macedonian theatre companies is held in Kocani.

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In 1999, the Kosovo War led to 340,000 Albanian refugees from Kosovo fleeing into Macedonia, greatly disrupting normal life in the region and threatening to upset the balance between Macedonians and Albanians.

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Contemporary Macedonian artists include Aleksandar Stankovski, Zhaneta Vangeli, Maja Dzhartovska, and Gordana Apostolovska who all use various styles.

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In 280 B.C.E., the Gallic invaders ravaged the land of the Paionians, who being further hard pressed by the Dardani, join the Macedonians, whose downfall they shared.

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At independence in September 1991, Macedonia was the least developed of the Yugoslav republics, producing a mere five percent of the total federal output of goods and services.

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Among other conquests, Philip II annexed the regions of Pelagonia and Southern Paionia (these regions respectively correspond to the most southern parts of today Republic of Macedonia).

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The region where Atlanta and its suburbs were built was originally Creek and Cherokee Native American territory.

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Macedonians, who are the majority of the population, are Christian Orthodox.

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Macedonia is located at "the crossroads between East and West," resulting in a turbulent history.

image: mapsof.net
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The Republic of Macedonia has a multi-party system, with numerous parties which must cooperate to form coalition governments.

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The empire soon encountered political difficulties, and in thirteenth century the wider geographical Macedonia region fell once again under Byzantine control.

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Most of the native Albanians, Turks and Bosniaks are Muslims, as are a minority of the country's ethnic Macedonian population, known as Macedonian Muslims.

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The word Karagцz is a Turkish word literally meaning "a black eye," but it is a specific type of theatre in the Republic of Macedonia as in many other Balkan countries.

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The country's main political divergence is between the largely ethnically-based political parties representing the country's ethnic Macedonian majority and Albanian minority.

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The Republic of Macedonia, often referred to as Macedonia, is a landlocked country on the Balkan peninsula in southeastern Europe.

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During that war, Bulgaria occupied large parts of Macedonia, and the partition of 1913 was reconfirmed at the end of World War I.

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Macedonia has three main climatic zones: temperate Mediterranean, mountainous and mildly continental.

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The Yugoslav authorities also promoted the development of the Macedonians' ethnic identity and Macedonian language.

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Famous architects and fresco-painters worked on numerous churches in the Republic of Macedonia, and in Ohrid alone there are over 30 churches.

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The Republic of Macedonia is a parliamentary democracy.

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The United States Agency for International Development has underwritten a project called "Macedonia Connects" which has made the Republic of Macedonia the first all-broadband wireless country its size or larger in the world.

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A wide variety of languages are spoken in the Republic of Macedonia, reflecting its ethnic diversity.

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The uprising and the forming of the Krushevo Republic are considered the cornerstone and precursors to the eventual establishment of the Republic of Macedonia.

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managed briefly to extend Macedonian power not only over the Balkans, but also to the Persian Empire, including Egypt, and to the fringes of the Indian subcontinent.

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Sculptors include Dimo Todorovski, who is considered to be the founder of modern Macedonian sculpture, Petar Hadzi Boskov, Boro Mitrikeski and Tome Serafimovski.

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The majority (64.7 percent) of the population belonged to the Macedonian Orthodox Church in 2002, 33.3 percent were Muslim, 0.37 percent were other Christian, while 1.63 percent were other and unspecified.

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The Republic of Macedonia has scenic mountains which belong to two different ranges: Dinarska and Rodopska.

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The founders of modern Macedonian painting included Lazar Licenovski, Nikola Martinoski, Dimitar Pandilov, and Vangel Kodzoman, followed by Borka Lazeski, Dimitar Kondovski, Petar Mazev, and Rodoljub Anastasov.

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During the Greek Civil War (1944-1949), many Macedonians (regardless of ethnicity) participated in the resistance movement organized by the Greek Communist Party.

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In 1946, the new republic was granted federal status as an autonomous "People's Republic of Macedonia" within the new Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

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Macedonia's statistical regions are: Skopje, Pelagonia, Polog, Eastern, Southeastern, Northeastern, Southwestern, and Vardar.

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The Dardani in north never felt under Macedonian rule, but they were conquered by the Romans in 128 B.C.E.

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Several movements seeking an autonomous Macedonia began to arise.

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The Macedonian Philharmonic Orchestra, established in 1944, is the oldest cultural institution in the field of music.

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In 1903, a short-lived Kruљevo Republic was proclaimed in the south-western part of present-day Republic of Macedonia by the rebels of the Ilinden-Preobrazhenie Uprising.

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Macedonians had an average life expectancy at birth of 74.21 years (71.73 years for males and 76.88 years for females) in 2007.

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Meanwhile, Athens rallied behind Skopje and allowed Greek Macedonia to be used as a transit corridor for NATO forces moving to the region ahead of a possible invasion of Serbia.

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To compromise, the United Nations recognized the state under the name of "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" in 1993.

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Macedonian cuisine, also referred to as Slav Macedonian cuisine, reflects Turkish, Bulgarian, Greek and Middle Eastern influences and to a lesser extent Italian, Mediterranean and Hungarian ones.

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The official and most widely spoken language is Macedonian, which belongs to the Eastern branch of the South Slavic language group.

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About three quarters of all ethnic Macedonians live in the Republic of Macedonia, although there are also communities in a number of other countries.

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The Macedonian Orthodox Church is the body of Christians who are united under the Archbishop of Ohrid and Macedonia.

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The Festival of Old Town Songs in Ohrid and the Ilinden Days of Folk Song in Bitola are events that celebrate traditional Macedonian songs.

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The sanctions were lifted in September 1995 after Macedonia changed its flag and aspects of its constitution that were perceived as granting it the right to intervene in the affairs of other countries.

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The Macedonian education system consists of: pre-school education, primary education, secondary education, and higher education.

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Most Macedonian Jews are Sephardic - the descendants of fifteenth century refugees who had fled the Spanish and Portuguese Inquisitions.

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The Albanian side agreed to surrender separatist demands and to fully recognize all Macedonian institutions.

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Mak-Fest in Stip and the Skopje Festival are the two best-known festivals of popular music in the Republic of Macedonia.

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Each year about 50,000 people attend concerts of the Macedonian Philharmonic Orchestra.

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The Macedonian Byzantine Catholic Church (also known as the Macedonian Greek Catholic Church) has approximately 11,000 adherents in the Republic.

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Famous for its rich "Shopska" salad, required at every meal, Macedonian cuisine is also noted for the diversity and quality of its dairy products, wines, and local alcoholic beverages, such as rakija and mastika.

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The Macedonians are a South Slavic ethnic group who are primarily associated with the Republic of Macedonia.

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Other notable Macedonian soccer players include Toni Savevski, Boban Babunski, Goce Sedloski, Gjordji Hristov, Toni Micevski, Artim Shakiri, and Ilija Najdovski.

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The whole of Macedonia was incorporated into the Byzantine Empire.

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The earliest of these was the Bulgarian Macedonian-Adrianople Revolutionary Committees, founded in 1893, and later transformed into SMORO.

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So-called "Southern Serbia" (Vardar Macedonia), including all of what is now the Republic of Macedonia, became known as the Vardar Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

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A short conflict was fought between the Macedonian government and ethnic Albanian rebels, known as the National Liberation Army, mostly in the north and west of the country, between March and June 2001.

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Municipalities in the Republic of Macedonia are units of local self-government.

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The oldest is Folkfest, held in Valandovo, and most festivals have greater turnouts among Macedonian expatriates in Australia and Canada.

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In 2005, the country was officially recognized as a European Union candidate state, under the reference "Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia."

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The Republic of Macedonia has an economy that can meet its basic food needs but depends on outside sources for all of its oil and gas and most of its modern machinery and parts.

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On September 8, 1991, the Socialist Republic of Macedonia held a referendum that established its independence from Yugoslavia, under the name of the Republic of Macedonia.

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Macedonian is the only language explicitly designated as an official national language in the constitution.

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The Republic of Macedonia is a landlocked country that is geographically clearly defined by a central valley formed by the Vardar river and framed along its borders by mountain ranges.

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Macedonia has not accepted compulsory International Court of Justice jurisdiction.

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The people of Macedonia have a mid-range standard of living, according to international rankings.

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The whole of Macedonia was incorporated into the Byzantine Empire.