The Imperial Coronation of Charlemagne on Christmas day of 800 is frequently regarded as a turning-point in medieval history, because it filled a power vacancy that had existed since 476.
Some early historians have described non-European countries as "medieval" when those countries show characteristics of "feudal" organization.
Dorothy Sayers, a noted scholar in medieval literature as well as a famous writer of detective books, strongly objected to the term.
The pre-Westernization period in the history of Japan, and the pre-colonial period in developed parts of sub-Saharan Africa, are also sometimes termed "medieval."
The term "mediaeval" (American: medieval) was first contracted from the Latin medium жvum, or more precisely "middle epoch," by Enlightenment thinkers as a pejorative descriptor of the Middle Ages.
One scholar, Thomas Cahill, has dubbed Augustine the last of the classical men and the first of medieval men.
The conviction that medieval society was the manifestation of an unshakable Great Chain of Being—from God to the Pope to the kings and nobles down to the serfs—began to falter.
The return of this Latin proficiency to the kingdom of the Franks is regarded as an important step in the development of Medieval Latin.
The Middle Ages are referred to as the "medieval period" (sometimes spelled "mediaeval") from the Latin medius (middle) and жvus (age).
The Normans were master castle builders. After 1066, England witnessed a massive castle building programme on the orders of William the Conqueror. First, motte and bailey castles were built. Once William had firmly established his rule in England, he built huge stone keep castles.