After American occupation in 1945, Munich was rebuilt following a meticulous plan which preserved its pre-war street grid.
About 39.5 percent of Munich's inhabitants, in 2005, were Roman Catholic and 14.2 percentProtestant.
Munich has long been a center for fine architecture, the arts, and for music.
Motorways from Stuttgart, Berlin, Frankfurt, Lindau, Garmisch Partenkirchen, and Salzburg terminate at Munich.
After World War I, Munich became a hotbed of right-wing politics, similar to which Adolf Hitler and the National Socialism emerged from.
Several national and international authorities are located in Munich, including the German Tax Court and the European Patent Office.
In 1923, Hitler and his supporters, who were concentrated in Munich, staged the Beer Hall Putsch, an attempt to overthrow the Weimar Republic and seize power.
Merchants of the Middle East called it Goryeo, Koryo, which then came to be spelled Corea and Korea.
The same company also ranks Munich as the world's 39th most expensive city to live in and the most expensive major city in Germany.
In 1180, Otto I Wittelsbach became Duke of Bavaria, and Munich was handed over to the Bishop of Freising.
Munich is the largest publishing city in Europe and home to the Sьddeutsche Zeitung, one of Germany's largest daily newspapers.
The core members were arrested and executed following a distribution of leaflets in Munich University by Hans and Sophie Scholl.
Wherever these deposits get thinner, the ground water can flood the area, leading to marshes, as in the north of Munich.
Munich became capital when Bavaria was reunited in 1506.
The city and its closest suburbs have one of the most comprehensive public transport systems in the world, incorporating the Munich U-Bahn (underground railway), the Munich S-Bahn (suburban trains), trams and buses.
Around 20 percent of Bavaria's population lives in Munich which generates nearly 30 percent of Bavaria's gross domestic product (GDP).
Several smaller traditional Bavarian towns and cities like Dachau, Freising, Erding, Starnberg, Landshut and Moosburg are part of the Greater Munich Region, making up the metropolitan area of about 4.5 million people.
Today, Munich is the economic center of southern Germany, and has the strongest economy of any German city.
Munich has the strongest economy of any German city, as well as the lowest unemployment rate (5.6 percent) of any German city with more than a million people (the others being Berlin and Hamburg).
Twenty years later Landshut University was moved to Munich.
Munich is the capital of the Free State of Bavaria, which is one of Germany's 16 states (Lдnders).
The service sector accounts for 77 percent of Munich's GDP, while the manufacturing industry contributes just under 23 percent.
High speed trains connect Munich to the main cities of Germany and Austria.
The Munich area has three teams in the Bundesliga system, which comprises the three top divisions of German football.
Under republican government, Munich became a hotbed of right-wing politics, from which Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) and the National Socialism emerged.
In 2006, this figure totaled US$100-billion for Munich itself and US$177-billion for the region as a whole.
Munich has a continental climate, strongly modified by nearness to the Alps.
The revolt failed, resulting in Hitler's arrest and the temporary crippling of the Nazi Party, which was virtually unknown outside Munich.
Munich is the economic center of southern Germany.
The National Socialists took power in Germany in 1933, and Munich was referred to as the "Capital of the Movement."
In 1957, Munich's population passed the 1 million mark.
Munich has long been a leading location for science and research with a long list of Nobel Prize laureates from Wilhelm Conrad Rцntgen, in 1901, to Theodor Hдnsch in 2005.
Both of Munich's main universities, the Ludwig Maximilian University, founded in 1472, and the Technical University, founded in 1868, were classified as elite universities, to qualify for millions of euros in funding.
Tegernsee Abbey, founded in 746 by Benedictine monks 31 miles (50 km) south of Munich, had a substantial influence on development of Southern Bavaria.
Munich is home to several professional football teams, including 1860 Munich and FC Bayern Munich.
Under the regency of the Bavarian electors Munich was a center of baroque life, but also suffered under Habsburg occupations in 1704 and 1742.
Munich is also home to Germany's largest public broadcasting network, ARD, and its largest commercial network, Pro7-Sat1 Media AG, and is host to the Burda publishing group.
Louis II promoted the composer Richard Wagner, and revived Munich’s fame as a city of music.
A total of 71 Allied air raids over six years heavily damaged Munich during World War II (1939-1945).
The Catholic League was founded in Munich in 1609.
Munich is a significant financial center, being home of HypoVereinsbank and the Bayerische Landesbank.
Duke Louis IV, who was elected German king, in 1314, and crowned as Holy Roman Emperor in 1328, granted Munich the salt monopoly, thus assuring it of additional income.
In 1175, Munich was granted city status and was fortified.
In 1240, the Mongols, investigating an option to attack China from the west, marched into central Tibet and attacked several monasteries.
In 1806, the city became the capital of the new Kingdom of Bavaria, with the state's parliament (the Landtag) and the new archdiocese of Munich and Freising located in the city.
At 23 percent, the immigrant population is higher in Munich than the national average.
Among German cities with more than 500,000 inhabitants, per capita GDP was highest in Munich US$38,884 as of 2007 statistics.
Munich was the base of the White Rose, a group of students that formed a resistance movement from June 1942 to February 1943.
The NSDAP headquarters were in Munich and many "Fьhrer-buildings" were built around the Kцnigsplatz, some of which have survived.
Munich was "the home of the monks,” which is why a monk appears on the city's coat of arms.
The famous Hofbrдuhaus am Platzl beer hall is located in the city center, and Munich is famous for its breweries.
Munich is an integral part of the motorway network of southern Germany.
Munich's elected council is headed by a mayor.
Three bombs fell on Munich during French air raids in 1916.
In 1623, during the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648), Munich prospered when Maximilian I, Duke of Bavaria became elector, but in 1632, the city was occupied by Gustav II Adolph of Sweden.
Munich covers 120 square miles (310 square kilometers).