The predominant wind direction in the Netherlands is southwest, which causes a moderate maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters.
During the Twelve Years' Truce of 1609 through 1621, in the Eighty Years’ War, the Netherlands experienced a civil war along religious lines.
The southwestern part of the Netherlands is actually one big river delta.
The position of Catholics of the Kingdom of the Netherlands again worsened, with the Catholic hierarchy being outlawed.
During the Nazi occupation in the Netherlands in World War II, about 100,000 out of 140,000 Dutch Jews were murdered in concentration camps.
The bicycle is one of the most common ways of getting around in the Netherlands.
A remarkable aspect of the Netherlands is the flatness of the country.
The Netherlands' location gives it prime access to markets in the UK and Germany, with the port of Rotterdam being the largest port in Europe.
Anabaptists were recognized by the States-General of the Netherlands in 1578.
The Netherlands possessed several colonies, most notably the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) and Suriname (the latter was traded with the British for New Amsterdam, now known as New York).
The elections, which sent the Netherlands into a period of political chaos, were concluded with Peter Balkenede becoming prime minister in July 2002.
The Netherlands became a member of the Benelux (Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg) cooperation.
The population of the Netherlands is physically the tallest in the world, with an average height of 1.83 meters (6 feet) for adult males and 1.70 meters (5 feet 7 inches) for adult females.
The spirit of humanism of the sixteenth to eighteenth century figures such as Erasmus and Hugo Grotius continues to influence the culture of the Netherlands today.
The Allied 21st Army Group was given the task of conducting military operations to liberate The Netherlands after the Normandy.
The Netherlands is often referred to by the name Holland.
The third wave of Reformation, Calvinism, came to the Netherlands in the 1560s, converting both the elite and the common populations, mostly in Flanders.
The Netherlands remained neutral in World War I and intended to do so in World War II.
The Netherlands is the 16th largest economy of the world.
Nederland is the European section of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which is formed by the Netherlands, the Netherlands Antilles, and Aruba.
A significant portion of Dutch agricultural exports are derived from fresh-cut plants, flowers and bulbs, with the Netherlands exporting two-thirds of the world's total.
The number of first generation immigrants from outside the Netherlands in Amsterdam was nearly 50 percent in the seventeenth and eighteenth century.
The Netherlands was also the home of philosophers such as the great Erasmus of Rotterdam and Baruch Spinoza.
According to CBS Statline, the official statistics bureau of the Netherlands, the vast majority of the population remains Dutch.
The revolution in the 1795, which established the Batavian Republic, brought equal rights and emancipation for all religions in the Netherlands.
The Netherlands also has a resident population of some 200,000 people of mixed Dutch and Indonesian descent (Indonesia being a former colony of the Netherlands).
In 1886 a group of Orthodox Calvinists, led by Abraham Kuyper, split from the Dutch Reformed Church and in 1892 founded the Reformed Churches in the Netherlands, one of the major neo-Calvinist denominations.
In 1648 the independence of the Netherlands was recognized by the Treaty of Westphalia.
Many economic historians regard the Netherlands as the first thoroughly capitalist country in the world.
The Netherlands formed part of the Roman Empire and the Holy Roman Empire and followed their religions.
During the Renaissance and the Reformation an independent Dutch religious tradition began to take shape in an independent Netherlands.
The Jewish population of the Netherlands today is estimated at between 30,000 and 40,000.
Amsterdam is the capital city (hoofdstad), and The Hague (Dutch: Den Haag or 's-Gravenhage) is the Netherlands' seat of government (regeringszetel), the home of the monarch (residentie), and the location of most foreign embassies.
Nevertheless, Netherlands and Holland are names which have become popularly interchangeable when referring to this nation.
A substantial part of the Netherlands, including all of the province of Flevoland (contains the largest man-made island in the world) and large parts of Holland, has been reclaimed from the sea.
After being incorporated briefly in the First French Empire under Napoleon, the Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed in 1815, consisting of the present day Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg.
One of these, Limburgish language, which is spoken in the southeastern province of Limburg (Netherlands), has been recognized as a minority language since 1997.
Allied focus shifted to the German heartland and the Netherlands was finally liberated on May 5, 1945 (just three days before the unconditional surrender of all German troops).
During the nineteenth century the Netherlands was slow to industrialize compared to neighboring countries, mainly due to its unique infrastructure of waterways and reliance on wind power.
According to the Greek historian Herodotus, the fables were invented by Aesop during the sixth century B.C.E.
The Netherlands has a prosperous and open economy in which the government has reduced its role since the 1980s.
The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries were characterized by the Reformation which greatly influenced the history of the Netherlands.
Nazi Germany changed those plans when it invaded the Netherlands in 1940 in the Western European campaign of World War II.
Orthodox Calvinists had no interference from the liberals in the front-line areas bordering the Spanish Netherlands.
Belgium rebelled and gained independence in 1830, while the personal union between Luxembourg and the Netherlands was severed in 1890 as a result of ascendancy laws which prevented Queen Wilhelmina from becoming grand duke.
The Netherlands also hosted religious refugees, including Huguenots from France and Pilgrims from England.
The Netherlands separated between three religious pillars, an orthodox Calvinist, a Catholic and a neutral pillar.
The Netherlands has seen a political upheaval in the early years of the twenty-first century, most clearly illustrated by the quick rise and fall of the right wing anti-immigration political party Lijst Pim Fortuyn.
Christianity flourished in the Netherlands even during the Spanish Inquisition.
The Netherlands was a republic from 1581 to 1806 and a kingdom between 1806 and 1810 (it was part of France between 1810 and 1813).
The Netherlands was ruled by liberal Calvinist elite, which dominated the bureaucracy and the Dutch Reformed Church.
The first wave of Reformation, initiated by Martin Luther, did not come to the Netherlands.
In 1813 the Calvinist Republic united with the Catholic Southern Netherlands to form the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.
In 1581, Guru Arjun Dev—youngest son of the fourth guru—became the fifth guru of the Sikhs.
The Netherlands became known for its religious tolerance and ultimately became a refuge for the persecuted and a home for many migrants.
Automobile ownership is very expensive, and the price of gasoline in the Netherlands is the highest in the world because of heavy taxes.
Descartes, for instance, lived in the Netherlands most of his adult life.
The Netherlands also exports a quarter of all world tomatoes, and one-third of the world's exports of peppers and cucumbers.
In 1940 the Netherlands was occupied by Nazi Germany.
Denmark–Netherlands relations are foreign relations between Denmark and the Netherlands. Denmark has an embassy in The Hague and the Netherlands has an embassy in Copenhagen. Both countries are full members of NATO and the European Union.