The scientific study of the nervous system has increased significantly during the second half of the twentieth century, principally due to advances in molecular biology, electrophysiology, and computational neuroscience.
Traditionally seen as a branch of biology, neuroscience currently is considered an interdisciplinary science that collaborates with such fields as chemistry, computer science, engineering, linguistics, mathematics, medicine and allied disciplines, philosophy, physics, and psychology.
Recent theoretical advances in neuroscience have also been aided by the study of neural networks.
At the molecular level, the basic questions addressed in molecular neuroscience include the mechanisms by which neurons express and respond to molecular signals and how axons form complex connectivity patterns.
The following are some of the major branches into which modern neuroscience education, research, and clinical activities can be very roughly categorized.
At the cognitive level, cognitive neuroscience addresses the questions of how psychological functions are produced by neural circuitry.
The boundaries between these specialties have been blurring recently as they are all influenced by basic research in neuroscience.
Neuroscience is an interdisciplinary field in science that is organized around the study of the nervous system.
The Molecular and Cellular Cognition Society is an international neuroscience society with courses and meetings in North America, Europe and Asia, and with more than 5000 members world-wide.
Another major area of neuroscience is directed at investigations of the development of the nervous system.
Neuroscience is the study of the nervous system and also encompasses the treatment of disorders and diseases of the nervous system.
The fundamental questions addressed in cellular neuroscience include the mechanisms of how neurons process signals physiologically and electrochemically.
Other major organizations devoted to neuroscience include the International Brain Research Organization (IBRO) and the Federation of European Neuroscience Societies (FENS).
FENS comprises a set of 32 national-level organizations, including the British Neuroscience Association, the German Neuroscience Society (Neurowissenschaftliche Gesellschaft), and the French Sociйtй des Neurosciences.