Sikhs marry when they are sufficient age (child marriage is taboo), and without regard for the future spouse's caste or descent.
The beginning of the first composition of Sikh scripture is the figure "1," signifying the unity of God.
Most Sikhs live in the state of Punjab in India.
Baptized Sikhs are bound to wear the “Five Ks” (in Punjabi known as paсj kakk? or paсj kak?r), or articles of faith, at all times.
Gobind Singh declared an end of the line of human gurus, and now the Gur? Granth S?hib serves as the eternal guru for the Sikhs, with its interpretation vested with the Sikh community.
Khalsa (meaning "pure") is the name given by Gobind Singh to all Sikhs who have been baptized or initiated by taking ammrit in a ceremony called ammrit saсc?r.
The text was decreed by Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth guru, as the final guru of the Sikh community.
From the time of Nanak, when it was a loose collection of followers who focused entirely on the attainment of salvation and God, the Sikh community had significantly transformed.
Sikhs supported and participated in the Indian National Congress, but also formed the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee and the Shiromani Akali Dal to preserve Sikhs religious and political organization.
Before he died in 1574 at the age of 95, he appointed his son-in-law J??h?, a Khatri of the Sodhi clan, as the fourth Sikh guru.
Before his death, Guru Gobind Singh decreed that the Gur? Granth S?hib would be the final and perpetual guru of the Sikhs.
Guru Amar Das became the third Sikh guru in 1552 at the age of 73.
Large communities of Sikhs live in the neighboring states and indeed large communities of Sikhs can be found across India.
Each guru added to and reinforced the message taught by the previous, resulting in the creation of the Sikh religion and philosophy.
The teachings of Gobind Singh were not included in Gur? Granth S?hib, the holy book of the Sikhs, and instead were collected in the Dasam Granth.
Upon death, the body of a Sikh is usually cremated.
The Sikh gurus established a mechanism which allowed the Sikh religion to react as a community to changing circumstances.
No hymns composed by these three gurus are included in the Sikh holy book.
Banda Bahadur, a former ascetic, was charged by Gobind Singh with the duty of punishing those who had persecuted the Sikhs.
Sikhs believe that prior to creation, all that existed was God and his infinite hukam (will).
A gurmat? may only be passed on a subject that affects the fundamental principles of Sikh religion; it is binding upon all Sikhs.
The SGPC, the Sikh organization in charge of upkeep of the gurdwaras, organizes celebrations based on the new Nanakshahi calendar.
Sikhs will commonly enter the temple, touch the ground before the holy scripture with their foreheads, and make an offering.
Smaller populations of Sikhs are found in Mauritius, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Fiji and other countries.
The most sacred shrine is the Harimandir Sahib in Amritsar, famously known as the “Golden Temple.” Groups of Sikhs regularly visit and congregate at the Harimandir Sahib.
Arjun Dev was responsible for compiling the Sikh scriptures.
Nanak taught that rituals, religious ceremonies or empty worship is of little use and Sikhs are discouraged from fasting or going on pilgrimages.
According to Sikh religious rites, neither husband nor wife are permitted to divorce.
Angad continued the work started by Nanak and is widely credited for standardizing the Gurmukh? script as used in the sacred scripture of the Sikhs.
Sikhs are joined in wedlock through the anand k?raj ceremony.
After the guru's death, Banda Bahadur became the leader of the Sikh army and was responsible for several attacks on the Mughal Empire.
A Sikh couple that wishes to divorce may be able to do so in a civil court—but this is not condoned.
Sikh tradition states that at the age of thirty, Nanak went missing and was presumed to have drowned after going for one of his morning baths to a local stream called the Kali Bein.
Guru Teg Bahadur became guru in 1665 and led the Sikhs until 1675.
After the death of Ranjit Singh, the Sikh kingdom fell into disorder and eventually collapsed with the Anglo-Sikh Wars, which brought the Punjab under British rule.
Amar Das's successor and son-in-law Ram Das founded the city of Amritsar, which is home of the Harimandir Sahib and regarded widely as the holiest city for all Sikhs.
The sarcolemma is the cell membrane enclosing each muscle fiber (muscle cell).
Lahore (Punjabi: ????, Urdu: ????? pronounced ) is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi, and the capital of Punjab province.
The Sikh community soon transferred the role to a line of men who gave authoritative and practical expression to religious teachings and traditions, in addition to taking socio-political leadership of Sikh adherents.
Worldwide, Sikhs number more than 23 million, but more than 90 percent of Sikhs still live in the Indian state of Punjab, where they form close to 65 percent of the population.
The Gurmukh? script was standardized by Arjun Dev for use in the Sikh scriptures and is thought to have been influenced by the ??rad? and Devan?gar? scripts.
The tenth guru, Gobind Singh, ordered these Five Ks to be worn so that a Sikh could actively use them to make a difference to their own and to others' spirituality.
An authoritative scripture was created to protect the integrity of hymns and teachings of the Sikh gurus and selected bhagats.
Guru Har Gobind became the sixth guru of the Sikhs.
Sikh tradition states that Mani Singh collected the writings of Gobind Singh after his death to create the Granth.
The Sikh community's embrace of military and political organization made it a considerable regional force in medieval India and it continued to evolve after the demise of the gurus.
The recitation of the eighteenth century ard?s is also customary for attending Sikhs.
Sikhs grew as an organized community and developed a trained fighting force to defend themselves.
After the death of Banda Bahadur, a loose confederation of Sikh warrior bands known as misls formed.