Facts about Solid


Materials science is primarily concerned with properties of solids such as strength and phase transformations.


The branch of physics that deals with solids is called solid-state physics, and it is a type of condensed matter physics.


A solitary dog, itself a formidable predator, is a potential prey for leopards, although a pack of dogs can tree or drive off a leopard.


The lightest known solid is man-made and is called aerogel.


Quantities of solids are commonly measured in units of mass and volume.


A solid object is characterized by resistance to deformation and change of volume.


Solid-state chemistry overlaps both these fields, but it is especially concerned with the synthesis of novel materials.

Examples of solids are common table salt, table sugar, water ice, frozen carbon dioxide (dry ice), glass, rock, most metals, and wood. When a solid is heated, the atoms or molecules gain kinetic energy .

Classes of solids. The forces between the atoms in a solid can take a variety of forms. For example, a crystal of sodium chloride (common salt) is made up of ionic sodium and chlorine, which are held together by ionic bonds. In diamond or silicon, the atoms share electrons and form covalent bonds.

For example, building blocks are often cubes or rectangular prisms. They have six faces, or flat surfaces. Other familiar solid shapes are spheres, which children might recognize as being shaped like balls; cones, like ice cream cones or traffic cones; and cylinders, which are shaped like cans.

Keep squeezing or cooling and you'll lock them together tightly to make a solid. Artwork: Left: Solids are more dense than liquids: they have more atoms packed into the same space. The atoms are tightly packed together and stay in shape all by themselves, though they do move about on the spot.Oct 28, 2016

The key is that solids hold their shape and they don't flow like a liquid. A rock will always look like a rock unless something happens to it. The same goes for a diamond. Solids can hold their shape because their molecules are tightly packed together.

The atoms and molecules in gases are much more spread out than in solids or liquids. They vibrate and move freely at high speeds. A gas will fill any container, but if the container is not sealed, the gas will escape. Gas can be compressed much more easily than a liquid or solid.Jun 22, 2014

Differences between solids, liquids and gases. Gases, liquids and solids are all made up of atoms, molecules and ions, but the behaviours of these particles differ in the three phases of solid, liquid and gas. ... Solids always take up the same amount of space. They do not spread out like gases.

A solid has a definite shape and volume. A liquid has a definite volume but it takes the shape of a container whereas a gas fills the entire volume of a container. You already know that diamond and graphite are solids made up of the element carbon. They are two phases of carbon, but both are solids.

Neon is a chemical element with symbol Ne and atomic number 10. It is a noble gas. Neon is a colorless, odorless, inert monatomic gas under standard conditions, with about two-thirds the density of air.

Water is known to exist in three different states; as a solid, liquid or gas. Clouds, snow, and rain are all made of up of some form of water. A cloud is comprised of tiny water droplets and/or ice crystals, a snowflake is an aggregate of many ice crystals, and rain is just liquid water.

Silicon is a chemical element with symbol Si and atomic number 14. A hard and brittle crystalline solid with a blue-grey metallic lustre, it is a tetravalent metalloid and semiconductor. It is a member of group 14 in the periodic table, along with carbon above it and germanium, tin, and lead below.

Earth's inner core is solid: Official. The core of the Earth is made up mainly of iron, in an outer liquid layer and an inner solid layer. The outer core is where the circulating conducting liquid generates the geodynamo, responsible for our magnetic field.Oct 1, 2008

The lithosphere is the solid, outer part of the Earth. The lithosphere includes the brittle upper portion of the mantle and the crust, the outermost layers of Earth's structure. It is bounded by the atmosphere above and the asthenosphere (another part of the upper mantle) below.May 20, 2015

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