The garden strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa and related cultivars) is the most common variety of strawberry cultivated worldwide.
The name strawberry is derived from Old English str?awberi?e, which is a compound of streaw, meaning "straw," and berige, meaning "berry."
Cultivars of Fragaria x ananassa have replaced in commercial production the woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca), which was cultivated in the early seventeenth century.
So from a technical standpoint, the seeds are the actual fruits of the plant, and the flesh of the strawberry is modified receptacle tissue, which contains numerous partially embedded fruits (seeds).
The European alpine strawberry (Fragaria vesca, commonly known as woodland strawberry, but also wild strawberry, alpine strawberry, and European strawberry) is considered to be more flavorful (Herbst 2001).
The most common strawberries grown commercially are cultivars of the garden strawberry, Fragaria Ч ananassa.
The strawberry flower and fruit of the strawberry are not only important for reproduction, but also provide larger values for the ecosystem and for human beings.
Key to the classification of strawberry species is recognizing that they vary in the number of chromosomes.
The fleshy, edible strawberry "fruit" is technically not a single fruit nor a berry.
The mock strawberry and barren strawberry, which both bear resemblance to Fragaria, are closely related species in the genus Potentilla.
Apart from its interest as a dessert fruit, the strawberry draws interest due to the peculiarities of its structure, its tendency towards variation, and the gardener's success in exploiting this tendency.