Thomas Hobbes also touched upon the sovereign's ability to tax in Leviathan, although he is not as widely cited for his economic theories as he is for his political theories.
Thomas Hobbes (April 5, 1588–December 4, 1679) was an English philosopher, whose famous 1651 book Leviathan set the agenda for much of subsequent Western political philosophy.
n English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings (1588-1679) Synonyms: Hobbes Example of: philosopher. a specialist in philosophy.
Locke and the Founding Fathers, however, rejected Hobbes' argument that the government had absolute power over its subjects. Instead, the Founding Fathers embraced Locke's ideas of the protection of unalienable rights and limited government in the Declaration of Independence and Constitution.
Thomas Hobbes, (born April 5, 1588, Westport, Wiltshire, England—died December 4, 1679, Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire), English philosopher, scientist, and historian, best known for his political philosophy, especially as articulated in his masterpiece Leviathan (1651).