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Facts about War

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The assumptions of cost-benefit calculations become dubious in the most extreme genocidal cases of World War II, where the only bargain offered in some cases was infinitely bad.

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Funding wars has always been expensive and the inclusion of cutting edge technology has made doing so even more expensive.

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Unconventional warfare includes psychological warfare, guerrilla warfare, espionage, chemical warfare, and terrorism.

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The way in which wars are fought is divided into two main categories: Conventional and unconventional warfare.

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Unquestionably a cause of some wars, from the empire building of Britain to the 1941 Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union in pursuit of oil, this theory has been applied to many other conflicts.

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War was likely to have consisted of small-scale raiding only until the historically recent rejection of hunter-gatherer lifestyle for settled agricultural and city-based life.

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Some hostilities, such as insurgency or civil war, may persist for long periods of time with only a low level of military activity.

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A warring party that surrenders may have little negotiating power, with the victorious side either imposing a settlement or dictating most of the terms of any treaty.

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The army may have wished to make war with Carthage to exploit the great opportunity for plunder while leveling the city of Carthage.

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A distinct branch of the psychological theories of war are the arguments based on evolutionary psychology.

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Cease-fires are temporary halts to hostilities intended to provide negotiation time for the warring parties' diplomats.

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The statistical analysis of war was pioneered by Lewis Fry Richardson following World War I.

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Rationalist theories are usually explicated with game theory, for example, the Peace War Game, not a wargame as such, rather a simulation of economic decisions underlying war.

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Issue indivisibility occurs when the two parties cannot avoid war by bargaining because the thing over which they are fighting cannot be shared between them, only owned entirely by one side or the other.

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By only illegalizing "war against the rules," it is alleged, such treaties and conventions, in effect, sanction certain types of war.

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Motivations for war may be different for those ordering the war than those undertaking the war.

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Wars can vary in their cause, the way they are fought, and the environment in which they are fought.

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The immediate causes of war can include religion, trade, civil conflict, or territorial aggression to name a few.

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A declaration of war is not normally made in internal, or civil, wars.

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Negotiations at the end of a war often result in a treaty, such as the Treaty of Versailles of 1919, which ended the First World War.

War

Running wars requires not just wise military planning, but also great logistical support.

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The United Nations is the latest and most comprehensive attempt to, as stated in the preamble of the U.N. Charter, "save succeeding generations from the scourge of war."

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Today, war is generally seen as undesirable and, by some, morally problematic.

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A number of treaties regulate warfare, collectively referred to as the laws of war.

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Sun Tzu, the author of The Art of War, an immensely influential ancient Chinese book on military strategy, said "The art of war is of vital importance to the State.

War

At the outbreak of World War I, the writer Thomas Mann wrote, "Is not peace an element of civil corruption and war a purification, a liberation, an enormous hope?"

War

The violent nature of war raises moral issues, and leads to the question of whether war is an inevitable, even essential, part of human existence or whether a world of peace is possible.

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How a war affects the political and economic circumstances in the peace that follows usually depends on the "facts on the ground."

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Another school of thought argues that war can be seen as an outgrowth of economic competition in a chaotic and competitive international system.

War

The negative view of war has not always been held as widely as it is today.

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Taylor famously described wars as being like traffic accidents.

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Many thinkers, such as Heinrich von Treitschke, saw war as humanity's highest activity where courage, honor, and ability were more necessary than in any other endeavor.

War

By definition, wars are widespread and protracted with few exceptions, and are typified by extreme aggression, social disruption, and usually high mortality.

War

Wars may also result from religious, ethnic, or ideological differences.

War

The factors leading to war are often complicated and due to a range of issues.

War

To this school the acceptance of war is inculcated into each of us by the religious, ideological, and nationalistic surroundings in which we live.

War

Thomas Malthus (1766–1834) wrote that populations always increase until they are limited by war, disease, or famine.

War

Throughout history, societies have attempted to limit the cost of war by formalizing it in some way.

War

Other psychologists have argued that while human temperament allows wars to occur, they only do so when mentally unbalanced people are in control of a nation.

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Throughout history war has been the source of serious moral questions.

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War is one tool in achieving this goal.

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The advent of gunpowder and the acceleration of scientific discoveries has led to modern warfare being highly technological.

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Wars are a natural outgrowth of the free market and class system, and will not disappear until a world revolution occurs.

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One alternative is to argue that war is only, or almost only, a male activity, and if human leadership were in female hands, wars would not occur.

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Wars may be waged against not only nations but against alliances or blocks of nations or other organized militant communities.

War

At the same time, many view war, or at least the preparation and readiness and willingness to engage in war, as necessary for the defense of their country.

War

A war an armed conflict between nations or conflicting political communities.

War

Historians tend to be reluctant to look for sweeping explanations for all wars.

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Other people believe that world organizations have no more standing to judge the morality of a war than that of a sovereign country.

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Today, some see only just wars as legitimate, and believe that it is the responsibility of world organizations such as the United Nations to oppose wars of unjust aggression.

War

The Human Security Report 2005 has documented a significant decline in the number and severity of armed conflicts since the end of the Cold War in the early 1990s.

War

Periods that are seen as peaceful are actually periods of preparation for a later war or when war is suppressed by a state of great power, such as the Pax Britannica.

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More recent databases of wars and armed conflict have been assembled by the Correlates of War Project, Peter Brecke and the Uppsala Department of Peace and Conflict Research.

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Conventional warfare includes fighting with infantry, cavalry, navies, and air forces.

War

The Marxist theory of war argues that all war grows out of the class war.

War

Wars are provoked by territorial disputes, by mounting pressure for a pre-emptive strike against a hostile force, or in response to calls for retaliation against foes that have been identified as aggressors.

War

Most fundamentally this motivation consists of a basic willingness to wage war, but motivations may be analyzed more specifically.

War

Some wars or war-like actions end when the military objective of the victorious side has been achieved.

War

Several anthropologists take a very different view of war.

War

The two countries may not agree on who would win a war between them, or whether victory would be overwhelming or merely eked out, because each side has military secrets about its own capabilities.

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Rationalist theory offers three reasons why some countries cannot find a bargain and instead resort to war: Issue indivisibility, information asymmetry with incentive to deceive, and the inability to make credible commitments.

War

Various theories have been presented to explain the causes of war.

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Total war is the modern term for the targeting of civilians and the mobilization of an entire society, when every member of the society has to contribute to the war effort.

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Pacifists believe that war is inherently immoral and that no war should ever be fought.

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Social scientists criticize this approach, arguing that at the beginning of every war, some leader makes a conscious decision, and that they cannot be seen as purely accidental.

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The environment in which a war is fought has a significant impact on the type of combat which takes place, and can include within its area different types of terrain.

War

One alternative is to argue that war is only, or almost only, a male activity, and if human leadership were in female hands, wars would not occur.

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Sociology has long been very concerned with the origins of war, and many theories have been advanced, many of them contradictory.

The Civil War, also known as “The War Between the States,” was fought between the United States of America and the Confederate States of America, a collection of eleven southern states that left the Union in 1860 and 1861 and formed their own country in order to protect the institution of slavery.

While many still debate the ultimate causes of the Civil War, Pulitzer Prize-winning author James McPherson writes that, "The Civil War started because of uncompromising differences between the free and slave states over the power of the national government to prohibit slavery in the territories that had not yet become ...

The civil war was fought between the Union states (Northern states) and the states of the Confederacy (Southern states). There were many causes of the civil war, including differences between northern and southern states on the idea of slavery, as well as trade, tariffs, and states rights.

Below we will discuss some of these differences and how they created a divide between the North and the South that eventually caused the Civil War.Industry vs. Farming. ... States' Rights. The idea of states' rights was not new to the Civil War. ... Expansion. ... Slavery. ... Bleeding Kansas. ... Abraham Lincoln. ... Secession. ... Activities.

By April 1861, slavery had become inextricably entwined with state rights, the power of the federal government over the states, the South's 'way of life' etc. – all of which made a major contribution to the causes of the American Civil War.

The burning issue that led to the disruption of the union was the debate over the future of slavery. ... The agrarian South utilized slaves to tend its large plantations and perform other duties. On the eve of the Civil War, some 4 million Africans and their descendants toiled as slave laborers in the South.

The causes of the Civil War and its cost to a young nation. More from Wes about the causes of the Civil War. ... A common explanation is that the Civil War was fought over the moral issue of slavery. In fact, it was the economics of slavery and political control of that system that was central to the conflict.

Secession summary: the secession of Southern States led to the establishment of the Confederacy and ultimately the Civil War. It was the most serious secession movement in the United States and was defeated when the Union armies defeated the Confederate armies in the Civil War, 1861-65.

In the South, most slaves did not hear of the proclamation for months. But the purpose of the Civil War had now changed. The North was not only fighting to preserve the Union, it was fighting to end slavery.

July 17 1863-With talk of Cooper attack, Blunt decided to attack Cooper's troops at Honey Springs. Cooper's forces retreated and set fire on their storage buildings. UNION WIN. Largest, bloodiest, and most decisive Civil War battle in the Indian Territory.

On September 1, 1939, Hitler invaded Poland from the west; two days later, France and Britain declared war on Germany, beginning World War II. On September 17, Soviet troops invaded Poland from the east.

Among the causes of World War II were Italian fascism in the 1920s, Japanese militarism and invasions of China in the 1930s, and especially the political takeover in 1933 of Germany by Hitler and his Nazi Party and its aggressive foreign policy.

After securing the neutrality of the Soviet Union (through the August 1939 German-Soviet Pact of nonaggression), Germany started World War II by invading Poland on September 1, 1939. Britain and France responded by declaring war on Germany on September 3.

The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).

The Cold War was caused by the military expansionism of Stalin and his successors. The American response… was basically a defensive reaction. As long as Soviet leaders clung to their dream of imposing Communism on the world, the West had no way (other than surrender) of ending the conflict.Mar 16, 2004

The Cold War would be quite different from past wars. Most wars had been "hot" wars where there had been direct armed conflict between opponents. However, the Cold War was a struggle between the Americans and the Soviets to determine which of their economic and ideological systems would govern world affairs.

The Cold War was the great rivalry between the communist Soviet Union and its allies against the United States and its Western allies that began after World War II. The creation of NATO helped prevent the Cold War from becoming a hot war that would have led the world to nuclear Armageddon.Feb 26, 2014

The long-term causes of the Cold War are clear. Western democracies had always been hostile to the idea of a communist state. The United States had refused recognition to the USSR for 16 years after the Bolshevik takeover. ... Finally, the Soviet Union believed in communism.

* American fear of communist attack.* Truman's dislike of Stalin.* USSR's fear of the American's atomic bomb.* USSR's dislike of capitalism.* USSR's actions in the Soviet zone of Germany.* America's refusal to share nuclear secrets.* USSR's expansion west into Eastern Europe + broken election promises.More items...

The Cold War was the geopolitical, ideological, and economic struggle between two world superpowers, the USA and the USSR, that started in 1947 at the end of the Second World War and lasted until the dissolution of the Soviet Union on December 26, 1991.Nov 13, 2013

Oldest living World War II veteran Richard Overton turns 111. The world's oldest living World War II veteran, Richard Overton, just celebrated his 111th birthday with a huge block party.May 12, 2017

The North Vietnamese government and the Viet Cong were fighting to reunify Vietnam. They viewed the conflict as a colonial war and a continuation of the First Indochina War against forces from France and later on the United States. ... Beginning in 1950, American military advisors arrived in what was then French Indochina.

The causes of the Vietnam War revolve around the simple belief held by America that communism was threatening to expand all over south-east Asia. Neither the Soviet Union nor the United States could risk an all-out war against each other, such was the nuclear military might of both.

It was a direct result of the First Indochina War (1946–1954) between France, which claimed Vietnam as a colony, and the communist forces then known as Viet Minh. In 1973 a “third” Vietnam war began—a continuation, actually—between North and South Vietnam but without significant U.S. involvement.

The truth is that our military won the war, but our politicians lost it. The Communists in North Vietnam actually signed a peace treaty, effectively surrendering. But the U.S. Congress didn't hold up its end of the bargain.Jun 23, 2014

The truth is that our military won the war, but our politicians lost it. The Communists in North Vietnam actually signed a peace treaty, effectively surrendering. But the U.S. Congress didn't hold up its end of the bargain.Jun 23, 2014

Although Nixon did continue to decrease American troop strength in South Vietnam, the fighting continued. ... Under the provisions of the Accords, U.S. forces were completely withdrawn. Unfortunately, this did not end the war for the Vietnamese and the fighting continued until April 1975 when Saigon fell to the communists.

Ending the Vietnam War, 1969–1973. President Richard M. Nixon assumed responsibility for the Vietnam War as he swore the oath of office on January 20, 1969. He knew that ending this war honorably was essential to his success in the presidency.

President John F. Kennedy had sent military advisors and then troops into South Vietnam. After Kennedy's assassination, what to do about the Vietnam War became a pressing matter of business for the new president, Lyndon B. Johnson.Jan 22, 2009

The Viet Cong. With the Cold War intensifying worldwide, the United States hardened its policies against any allies of the Soviet Union, and by 1955 President Dwight D. Eisenhower had pledged his firm support to Diem and South Vietnam.

President Richard Nixon

The British government decided to make the American colonies pay a large share of the war debt from the French and Indian War. Through the Sugar Act, Stamp Act, and other taxes, the British tried to collect taxes that the American people considered harsh.

In April 1775 British soldiers, called lobsterbacks because of their red coats, and minutemen—the colonists' militia—exchanged gunfire at Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts. Described as "the shot heard round the world," it signaled the start of the American Revolution and led to the creation of a new nation.

It was also known as the American War of Independence. The Revolutionary War began with the confrontation between British troops and local militia at Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts, on 19 April 1775. Throughout the war, state troops and local militias supplemented the Continental (Federal) Army.Sep 1, 2017

List of Events Leading to the American RevolutionSugar Act (1764). This British law charged duties on sugar imported by the colonies. ... Currency Act (1751 and 1764). ... Stamp Act (1765). ... Quartering Act (1765). ... Townshend Acts (1767). ... Boston Massacre (1770). ... Tea Act (1773). ... Boston Tea Party (1773).More items...

In April 1775, the battle of Lexington occurred, closely followed by the battle of Concord. The shot at Lexington marked the first blood spilled in the war of the American independence (Ward, 3). "The American Revolution now had its martyrs" (409).

The American Revolutionary War was a war fought between Great Britain and the original 13 British colonies in North America. The war took place from 1775 to 1783 with fighting in North America and other places.

The American Revolution (1775-83) is also known as the American Revolutionary War and the U.S. War of Independence. The conflict arose from growing tensions between residents of Great Britain's 13 North American colonies and the colonial government, which represented the British crown.

The British soldiers were often called the "Red Coats" because of their bright red coats. Although they are most famous for their red uniforms, they sometimes wore blue uniforms during the Revolutionary War. The British had very specific uniforms.

Many were from state militia outfits, which had their own state-issued uniforms. In the early battles, some Confederate units that wore dark blue uniforms were often mistaken on the field of battle for the enemy. Conversely, many U.S. units that were originally militia units went to war wearing gray.

Uniforms and clothing worn by Union and Confederate Soldiers During the Civil War. The two sides are often referred to by the color of their official uniforms, blue for the Union, gray for the Confederates.

World War I began in 1914, after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and lasted until 1918. During the conflict, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire (the Central Powers) fought against Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Romania, Japan and the United States (the Allied Powers).

The immediate cause of World War I that made the aforementioned items come into play (alliances, imperialism, militarism, nationalism) was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary. In June 1914, a Serbian-nationalist terrorist group called the Black Hand sent groups to assassinate the Archduke.

There was no single event that caused World War One (WW1). War happened because of several different events that took place in the years building up to 1914. Firstly, there was the role of empire. Great Britain, Germany, Austria-Hungary and Russia all had empires.Jun 29, 2016

The trigger for the war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, by Yugoslav nationalist Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914. ... Within weeks the major powers were at war, and the conflict soon spread around the world.

The Cold War was caused by the social climate and tension in Europe at the end of World War II and by the increasing power struggles between the Soviet Union [and the United States]. Economic separation between the Soviets and the west also heightened tensions, along with the threat of nuclear war.Mar 16, 2004

The first country to declare war in WWI was Austria-Hungary. That country issued an ultimatum to Serbia after the assassination of the Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand. When Serbia rejected the ultimatum, Austria-Hungary declared war on July 28. Austria-Hungary was an ally of Germany.

Who was to blame for the First World War? As every schoolboy should know, it was the militant Serbian nationalist who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the Austro-Hungarian prince whose killing led to his nation's declaration of war on Serbia, which had a domino effect as other countries entering the conflict.Jan 7, 2014

After securing the neutrality of the Soviet Union (through the August 1939 German-Soviet Pact of nonaggression), Germany started World War II by invading Poland on September 1, 1939. Britain and France responded by declaring war on Germany on September 3.

Why Did The US Enter WW1. ... The United States entered the war because of the Germans' decision to resume the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare, and the so-called "Zimmerman telegram," intercepted by the British, in which Germany floated the idea of an alliance with Mexico.

D-Day: The Invasion of Normandy. On June 6, 1944 the Allied Forces of Britain, America, Canada, and France attacked German forces on the coast of Normandy, France. With a huge force of over 150,000 soldiers, the Allies attacked and gained a victory that became the turning point for World War II in Europe.

51c. D-Day and the German Surrender. Hitler's refusal to surrender to the Allies led to "Operation Overlord" on June 6, 1944. British, Canadian, and American forces managed to take key points on the coast of Nazi-occupied France, signaling a beginning to the end of war in Europe.

As is often the case, those that win at war, lose at peace. So it was for France during the American Revolutionary War. In the 1700s, the European powers battled for control of colonies throughout the world. Britain and France fought for domination of North America.Nov 21, 2009

Also known as the American Revolution and the United States War of Independence, the conflict would quickly grow from a small civil war to a full-blown international conflict. By the time the British surrendered at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had basically won their independence.

The colonists wanted to be free from England. They started to fight the soldiers of the English army in 1775. The Americans started a war with England. We call it the Revolutionary War.

The Syrian Civil War (Arabic: الحرب الأهلية السورية‎, Al-ḥarb al-ʼahliyyah as-sūriyyah) is an ongoing multi-sided armed conflict in Syria fought primarily between the government of President Bashar al-Assad, along with its allies, and various forces opposing the government.

The Syrian civil war, also known as the Syrian uprising or Syrian crisis (Arabic: الأزمة السورية), is an ongoing armed conflict in Syria. It is a conflict between forces of the Ba'ath government and forces who want to remove this government. ... Protesters in Syria demanded the resignation of President Bashar al-Assad.

John F Kennedy and the Cuban Missile Crisis. For fourteen days during October 1962, the world held its breath as John F Kennedy (known as JFK) and Nikita Khrushchev tried to reach a compromise and avoid nuclear war. Ernest May investigates how Kennedy demonstrated his leadership skills during the crisis.Nov 18, 2013

Ronald Reagan never claimed to have bested the Soviet Union and won the Cold War. Indeed, the very idea that there was a winner of the decades-long rivalry between the superpowers was a political formulation rather than one based on the historical facts.Jan 22, 2010

The Cold War was caused by the military expansionism of Stalin and his successors. The American response… was basically a defensive reaction. As long as Soviet leaders clung to their dream of imposing Communism on the world, the West had no way (other than surrender) of ending the conflict.Mar 16, 2004

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) The Cold War was in full swing, as the Soviet Union was rising to power, capturing satellite countries. ... From its inception, its main purpose was to defend each other from the possibility of communist Soviet Union taking control of their nation.

Ten Events which caused the Cold War· Yalta Conference (Feb 1945)· Potsdam Conference (Jul 1945)· Hiroshima (Aug 1945)· Salami tactics (1945–48)· Fulton Speech (Mar 1946)· Greece (Feb 1947)· Truman Doctrine (Mar 1947)· Marshall Plan (Jun 1947)More items...

The end of the Cold War. When Mikhail Gorbachev assumed the reins of power in the Soviet Union in 1985, no one predicted the revolution he would bring. A dedicated reformer, Gorbachev introduced the policies of glasnost and perestroika to the USSR. ... The unraveling of the Soviet Bloc began in Poland in June 1989.

During 1989 and 1990, the Berlin Wall came down, borders opened, and free elections ousted Communist regimes everywhere in eastern Europe. In late 1991 the Soviet Union itself dissolved into its component republics. With stunning speed, the Iron Curtain was lifted and the Cold War came to an end.

First Battle of Bull Run

Civil War Trust's map of the Battle of First Manassas. This was the first major land battle of the armies in Virginia. On July 16, 1861, the untried Union army under Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell marched from Washington against the equally green Confederate army, which was arrayed behind Bull Run beyond Centreville.

The simplest answer is that the immediate cause was the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, the archduke of Austria-Hungary. His death at the hands of Gavrilo Princip – a Serbian nationalist with ties to the secretive military group known as the Black Hand – propelled the major European military powers towards war.

The direct cause of WWI was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand at Sarajevo on 28 June 1914. However historians feel that a number of factors contributed to the rivalry between the Great powers that allowed war on such a wide-scale to break out.Apr 20, 2016

The aircraft played a pivotal role for all sides of World War 1 when the conflict began in 1914. Early forms were typically unarmed and used in the reconnaissance role until personal weapons were added. From there, the machine gun was finally fixed to these aircraft to create the 'fighter' aeroplane.

Soldiers also made dugouts and funk holes in the side of the trenches to give them some protection from the weather and enemy fire. The front-line trenches were also protected by barbed-wire entanglements and machine-gun posts. Short trenches called saps were dug from the front-trench into No-Man's Land.

Trench warfare is a form of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of trenches, in which troops are significantly protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery. The most prominent case of trench warfare is the Western Front in World War I.

The American Revolution (1775-83) is also known as the American Revolutionary War and the U.S. War of Independence. The conflict arose from growing tensions between residents of Great Britain's 13 North American colonies and the colonial government, which represented the British crown.

Causes and Effects of the American Revolution. After the French and Indian War, Britain needed money. As a result, the British government placed taxes on the American colonists. The British thought that the colonists should help pay for the war since it had been fought partly to defend the colonies.

End of War and Treaty of Paris. ... In September of 1783, the United States government and the British Parliament officially agreed to the Treaty of Paris, which ended the American Revolution. It also recognized the colonies' independence and drew lines between British Canada and American territory.

Trojan War, in Greek mythology, war between the Greeks and the people of Troy. The strife began after the Trojan prince Paris abducted Helen, wife of Menelaus of Sparta. When Menelaus demanded her return, the Trojans refused. Menelaus then persuaded his brother Agamemnon to lead an army against Troy.

According to classical sources, the war began after the abduction (or elopement) of Queen Helen of Sparta by the Trojan prince Paris. Helen's jilted husband Menelaus convinced his brother Agamemnon, king of Mycenae, to lead an expedition to retrieve her.

Trojan War definition. In classical mythology, the great war fought between the Greeks and the Trojans. The Greeks sailed to Troy in order to recover Helen of Troy, the beautiful wife of a Greek king.

The burning issue that led to the disruption of the union was the debate over the future of slavery. ... The agrarian South utilized slaves to tend its large plantations and perform other duties. On the eve of the Civil War, some 4 million Africans and their descendants toiled as slave laborers in the South.

While many still debate the ultimate causes of the Civil War, Pulitzer Prize-winning author James McPherson writes that, "The Civil War started because of uncompromising differences between the free and slave states over the power of the national government to prohibit slavery in the territories that had not yet become ...

The civil war officially began on April 12, 1861 when Confederate forces bombarded the Union controlled Fort Sumter in Charleston Bay. ... There were many causes of the civil war, including differences between northern and southern states on the idea of slavery, as well as trade, tariffs, and states rights.

Dysentery was the most common fatal disease, according to the Civil War Preservation Trust. Soldiers also died from typhoid fever, a bacterial disease transmitted by lice, as well as malaria, pneumonia, smallpox and yellow fever.

The North Vietnamese government and the Viet Cong were fighting to reunify Vietnam. They viewed the conflict as a colonial war and a continuation of the First Indochina War against forces from France and later on the United States. ... Beginning in 1950, American military advisors arrived in what was then French Indochina.

The Vietnam War was a long, costly armed conflict that pitted the communist regime of North Vietnam and its southern allies, known as the Viet Cong, against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States.

No conclusive winner emerged. Instead, Korea returned to the "status quo ante bellum" (the way things were before the war) and North and South Korea remained divided. The US did succeed in checking Communist expansion; however, it did so at great cost in money and lives.

On June 25, 1950, the Korean War began when some 75,000 soldiers from the North Korean People's Army poured across the 38th parallel, the boundary between the Soviet-backed Democratic People's Republic of Korea to the north and the pro-Western Republic of Korea to the south. ... The Korean peninsula is still divided today.

The Korean War (1950-1953) began when the North Korean Communist army crossed the 38th Parallel and invaded non-Communist South Korea. As Kim Il-sung's North Korean army, armed with Soviet tanks, quickly overran South Korea, the United States came to South Korea's aid.

The 300,000-man Chinese offensive caught the U.N. forces off guard, largely because of U.S. Gen. Douglas MacArthur's belief that China would not openly enter the war, and vastly expanded the conflict. The Korean War began when communist North Korean forces invaded democratic South Korea on June 25, 1950.Nov 26, 2014

Video: Battle of Chancellorsville: Facts, Summary & Significance. The Battle of Chancellorsville was fought in early May 1863. This lesson examines this major Confederate victory, looking at how, with roughly 30,000 combined casualties, it was one of the bloodiest battles of the American Civil War.

Elvis Aron Presley entered the United States Army at Memphis, Tennessee, on March 24, 1958, and then spent three days at the Fort Chaffee, Arkansas, Reception Station. He left active duty at Fort Dix, New Jersey, on March 5, 1960, and received his discharge from the Army Reserve on March 23, 1964.Oct 3, 2003

The German invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939, unleashed the European war. Italy entered World War II on the Axis side on June 10, 1940, as the defeat of France became apparent. In July 1940, just weeks after the defeat of France, Hitler decided that Nazi Germany would attack the Soviet Union the following spring.

This page provides a quick sketch of Italy's role in WWII; the guidebook has much more information. In June 1940, Benito Mussolini chose to ally Italy's forces with those of Adolf Hitler. Soon German and Italian armies were battling Allied troops on several fronts.

Japan had already been at war in Manchuria (1931) and China (1937) long before the Second World War started in Europe when Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939. By 1941, Japanese military expansion in the Asia-Pacific region had made confrontation and war with the United States increasingly certain.

The Boston Tea Party was the key-event for the Revolutionary War. With this act, the colonists started the violent part of the revolution. It was the first try of the colonists, to rebel with violence against their own government. ... Then they (the government) passed taxes on lead, paint, paper and tea.

Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States of America, the leader who successfully prosecuted the Civil War to preserve the nation. He played in key role in passage of the Thirteenth Amendment, which ended slavery in America.

On 3 September 1939, two days after Hitler invaded Poland, Australia entered World War II. ON SUNDAY 3 SEPTEMBER 1939, Australians tuned in to their radios to hear Prime Minister Robert Menzies make a fateful announcement.Sep 2, 2011

Although resented, the Sugar Act tax was hidden in the cost of import duties, and most colonists accepted it. The Stamp Act, however, was a direct tax on the colonists and led to an uproar in America over an issue that was to be a major cause of the Revolution: taxation without representation.

The civil war officially began on April 12, 1861 when Confederate forces bombarded the Union controlled Fort Sumter in Charleston Bay. ... There were many causes of the civil war, including differences between northern and southern states on the idea of slavery, as well as trade, tariffs, and states rights.

The Union victory in the Civil War in 1865 may have given some 4 million slaves their freedom, but the process of rebuilding the South during the Reconstruction period (1865-1877) introduced a new set of significant challenges.

With the defeat of the Southern Confederacy and the subsequent passage of the XIII, XIV, and XV amendments to the Constitution, the Civil War's lasting effects include abolishing the institution of slavery in America and firmly redefining the United States as a single, indivisible nation rather than a loosely bound ...

This week marks the 150th anniversary of the end of the American Civil War, which concluded when Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant on April 9th, 1865. The war between the States of the Union and the States of the Confederacy helped mould the identity and political language of the modern US.Apr 8, 2015

Jefferson Davis (1808-1889) was a Mexican War hero, U.S. senator from Mississippi, U.S. secretary of war and president of the Confederate States of America for the duration of the American Civil War (1861-1865). ... In February 1861 he was elected president of the Confederacy.

The Confederate President was captured by Northern soldiers near Irwinville, Georgia on May 10, 1865. Jefferson Davis was imprisoned at Fort Monroe, Virginia for two years. He was never tried for treason, but was released on bond in May 1867.

The colonists called it the French and Indian War, and it permanently shifted the global balance of power. By the mid-18th century, both the British and French wanted to extend their North American colonies into the land west of the Appalachian Mountains, known then as the Ohio Territory.

The British victory in the French and Indian War had a great impact on the British Empire. Firstly, it meant a great expansion of British territorial claims in the New World. But the cost of the war had greatly enlarged Britain's debt. ... The war had an equally profound but very different effect on the American colonists.

The French and Indian War was fought to decide if Britain or France would be the strong power in North America. France and its colonists and Indian allies fought against Britain, its colonists and Indian allies. The war began with conflicts about land.

French and Indian War definition. A series of military engagements between Britain and France in North America between 1754 and 1763. The French and Indian War was the American phase of the Seven Years' War, which was then underway in Europe.

French and Indian War/Seven Years' War, 1754–63. The French and Indian War was the North American conflict in a larger imperial war between Great Britain and France known as the Seven Years' War. The French and Indian War began in 1754 and ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1763.

All possessions west of the Mississippi were given to the Spanish. Although the British won the war with the French, the British still faced pressing colonial problems that the Treaty of Paris only aggravated. The Indians in particular were angered by the provisions of peace that left little room for their concerns.

The Seven Years' War, a global conflict known in America as the French and Indian War, ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris by France, Great Britain, and Spain. In the early 1750s, France's expansion into the Ohio River valley repeatedly brought the country into armed conflict with the British colonies.

The final Colonial War (1689-1763) was the French and Indian War, which is the name given to the American theater of a massive conflict involving Austria, England, France, Great Britain, Prussia, and Sweden called the Seven Years War. The conflict was played out in Europe, India, and North America.

The Civil War was America's bloodiest conflict. The unprecedented violence of battles such as Shiloh, Antietam, Stones River, and Gettysburg shocked citizens and international observers alike. Nearly as many men died in captivity during the Civil War as were killed in the whole of the Vietnam War.

Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union from the 1920s until his death in 1953. This means that he was the center of power in the USSR during the years in which the Cold War was beginning. His attitudes towards the West and towards Eastern Europe helped to bring about the Cold War.

Harry Truman was President when World War II ended and the Soviet Union began taking over satellite nations in Eastern Europe. To prevent the spread of communism in Europe—particularly in Turkey and Greece—during the opening days of the Cold War in 1947, Truman developed the Truman Doctrine.

Woodrow Wilson

The Treaty of Versailles (French: Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers.

In 1917, Germany, determined to win its war of attrition against the Allies, announced the resumption of unrestricted warfare in war-zone waters. Three days later, the United States broke diplomatic relations with Germany, and just hours after that the American liner Housatonic was sunk by a German U-boat.

Although the war began with Nazi Germany's attack on Poland in September 1939, the United States did not enter the war until after the Japanese bombed the American fleet in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941. ... The war ended with the Axis powers' unconditional surrender in 1945.

The Patriot victory at Saratoga is often seen as the turning point in the war. Not only did it renew the morale of the American public, but it convinced potential foreign partners, such as France, that American could win the war, and that it might be in their best interests to send aid.

The Second Sudanese Civil War was a conflict from 1983 to 2005 between the central Sudanese government and the Sudan People's Liberation Army. It was largely a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War of 1955 to 1972. ... It lasted for 22 years and is one of the longest civil wars on record.

1939: Britain and France declare war on Germany. Britain and France are at war with Germany following the invasion of Poland two days ago. At 1115 BST the Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain, announced the British deadline for the withdrawal of German troops from Poland had expired.