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Why do ant colonies have a queen ant?

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WHAT IS THE QUEEN ANT ROLE IN AN ANT COLONY? Queen ants have two primary roles. Early in their lives, they are programmed to begin creating a new colony. After exiting her birth colony and mating, this young queen will find a new nest site and lay her initial group of eggs. read more

Colony structure. Ant colonies have a complex hierarchical social structure. Ants jobs are determined and can be changed by age. As ants grow older their jobs move them further from the queen, or center of the colony. Younger ants work within the nest protecting the queen and young. Sometimes, a queen is not present and is replaced by egg-laying workers. read more

Ant colonies work somewhat like a superorganism, with the queen ant producing little workers that will meet her needs and their siblings' needs. But there is always give and take, with individual survival sometimes trumping the good of the group, the research found. Often, an ant colony has more than one queen. read more

Ant species that have more than one queen in their nests are called polygyne. Colonies with only one egg-laying queen are known as monogyne. Queen ants and males are part of the reproductive castes. They are the most important members of a colony because they ensure the survival of their species. read more

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