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Why do nuclear explosions make mushroom clouds?

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Mushroom clouds formed as a result of nuclear explosions can go thousands of meters in the sky, easily surpassing the height of Mt. Everest – the tallest mountain peak in the world. The strength of nuclear explosions is measured in Kilotons and Megatons of TNT. read more

The rising air from the explosions is suddenly not hotter or less dense than its surroundings and so instead of rising, spreads out, making a clear cap for the mushroom. Pronounced mushroom clouds often are seen in smaller explosions, but conditions have to mimic that of an atomic bomb. read more

The formation of mushroom shape cloud is linked with sudden release of large amount of energy into the atmosphere. Any kind of explosion which releases large amount of energy heats up the air in the vicinity of blast radius, hot air (having fume, debris etc) rises with having spherical shape of cloud initially. read more

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