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Top Ten Astronauts

Buzz Aldrin​
Buzz Aldrin​

Buzz Aldrin (born Edwin Eugene Aldrin Jr.; January 20, 1930) is an American engineer, former astronaut, and Command Pilot in the United States Air Force. As Lunar Module Pilot on the Apollo 11 mission, he and mission commander Neil Armstrong were the first two humans to land on the Moon.

Neil ​Armstrong​
Neil ​Armstrong​

Neil Alden Armstrong (August 5, 1930 – August 25, 2012) was an American astronaut and aeronautical engineer who was the first person to walk on the Moon. He was also a naval aviator, test pilot, and university professor.

image: vintag.es
Yuri Gagarin​
Yuri Gagarin​

Yuri Gagarin was born in the village of Klushino, near Gzhatsk (renamed Gagarin in 1968 after his death), on 9 March 1934. His parents worked on a collective farm: Alexey Ivanovich Gagarin as a carpenter and bricklayer, and Anna Timofeyevna Gagarina as a milkmaid.

Michael ​Collins​
Michael ​Collins​

Michael Collins (born October 31, 1930) (Major General, USAF, Ret.) is an American former astronaut and test pilot. Selected as part of the third group of fourteen astronauts in 1963, he flew into space twice.

Sally Ride​
Sally Ride​

Sally Ride became the first American woman to go to space. ...

source: nasa.gov
Valentina ​Tereshkova​
Valentina ​Tereshkova​

Valentina Tereshkova was born on March 6, 1937 in Bolshoye Maslennikovo, a village in western Russia. As a young woman, she worked in a textile mill and parachuted as a hobby. She was chosen to be trained as a cosmonaut in the USSR’s space program.

source: biography.com
John Glenn​
John Glenn​

Former and current astronauts added tributes; so did NASA Administrator and former shuttle astronaut Charles Bolden, who wrote: "John Glenn's legacy is one of risk and accomplishment, of history created and duty to country carried out under great pressure with the whole world watching."

image: nasa.gov
Chris Hadfield​
Chris Hadfield​

Chris Austin Hadfield OC OOnt MSC CD (born 29 August 1959) is a retired Canadian astronaut who was the first Canadian to walk in space. An engineer and former Royal Canadian Air Force fighter pilot, Hadfield has flown two space shuttle missions and served as commander of the International Space Station.

Pete Conrad​
Pete Conrad​

Pete Conrad; NASA Astronaut; Nationality: American: Born: Charles Conrad Jr. June 2, 1930 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. Died: July 8, 1999 (aged 69) Ojai, California, U.S.

Alan Shepard​
Alan Shepard​

Rear Admiral Alan Bartlett Shepard Jr. (November 18, 1923 – July 21, 1998) was an American astronaut, naval aviator, test pilot, and businessman. In 1961 he became the first American to travel into space, and in 1971 he walked on the Moon.

Scott Kelly​
Scott Kelly​

Scott Joseph Kelly (born February 21, 1964 in Orange, New Jersey) is an engineer, retired American astronaut, and a retired U.S. Navy Captain. A veteran of four space flights, Kelly commanded the International Space Station (ISS) on Expeditions 26, 45, and 46.

image: nasa.gov
Jim Lovell​
Jim Lovell​

Lovell is one of the astronauts featured in the book and documentaries In the Shadow of the Moon and When We Left ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jim Lovell.

image: forbes.com
Guion Bluford​
Guion Bluford​

Guion Stewart Bluford Jr., Ph.D. (born November 22, 1942), (Col, USAF, Ret.), is an American aerospace engineer, retired U.S. Air Force officer and fighter pilot, and former NASA astronaut, who was the first African American in space.

Gus Grissom​
Gus Grissom​

Gus Grissom, born on April 3, 1926, in Mitchell, Indiana, transitioned from successful Air Force test pilot to NASA astronaut. Grissom flew over 100 missions during the Korean War, making him an excellent candidate for NASA's space exploration program.

source: biography.com
Mae C
Mae C

Voyage of Mae Jemison, Sagebrush Education Resources, 1999 – ISBN 0-613-22577-5 Ceaser, Ebraska D. Mae C. Jemison: 1st Black Female Astronaut, New Day Press, 1992. Polette, Nancy.

Jack D
Jack D

John Leonard "Jack" Swigert Jr. (August 30, 1931 – December 27, 1982) was an American test pilot, mechanical and aerospace engineer, United States Air Force pilot, and NASA astronaut. He was one of twenty-four astronauts …

Svetlana ​Savitskaya​
Svetlana ​Savitskaya​

Svetlana Savitskaya is a record breaking Russian aviator and cosmonaut. Born in Moscow in 1948, Svetlana was raised in a middle class family. In high school she was a keen parachutist, and in 1970 she won 6th place in FAI (Fédération Aéronautique Internationale) World Aerobic Championship, went on to set 18 international world records in MiG aircraft, and set 3 international records in team parachute jumping.

source: astrochix.com
image: space.com
Christa ​McAuliffe​
Christa ​McAuliffe​

Sharon Christa McAuliffe (born Sharon Christa Corrigan; September 2, 1948 – January 28, 1986) was an American teacher from Concord, New Hampshire and one of the seven crew members killed in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.

Alexey ​Leonov​
Alexey ​Leonov​

Alexey Arkhipovich Leonov (Russian: Алексе́й Архи́пович Лео́нов, IPA: [ɐlʲɪˈksʲej ɐˈrxʲipəvʲɪtɕ lʲɪˈonəf]; born 30 May 1934 in Listvyanka, West Siberian Krai, Soviet Union) is a retired Soviet/Russian cosmonaut, Air Force Major general, writer and artist.

Kalpana ​Chawla​
Kalpana ​Chawla​

Kalpana Chawla (March 17, 1962 – February 1, 2003) was an American astronaut and the first woman of Indian origin in space. She first flew on Space Shuttle Columbia in 1997 as a mission specialist and primary robotic arm operator.

Ellen Ochoa​
Ellen Ochoa​

Born on May 10, 1958, in Los Angeles, California, Ellen Ochoa received her master of science and doctorate degrees at Stanford University. She was selected by NASA in 1990 and in 1991 became the world's first Hispanic female astronaut.

source: biography.com
Peggy ​Whitson​
Peggy ​Whitson​

Peggy A. Whitson (Ph. D.) NASA Astronaut Summary: Peggy A. Whitson (Ph.D.) is currently part of Expedition 50/51, which is her third long-duration mission to the International Space Station. Whitson and her crewmates, Cosmonaut Oleg Novitskiy and ESA astronaut Thomas Pesquet launched on November 17, 2016.

source: jsc.nasa.gov
Gordon ​Cooper​
Gordon ​Cooper​

Leroy Gordon "Gordo" Cooper Jr. (March 6, 1927 – October 4, 2004), (Col, USAF), was an American aerospace engineer, test pilot, United States Air Force pilot, and one of the seven original astronauts in Project Mercury, the first manned space program of the United States.

image: nasa.gov
Fred Haise​
Fred Haise​

Fred Wallace Haise Jr. (/ ˈ h eɪ z / HAYZ; born November 14, 1933) is an American former NASA astronaut, fighter pilot with the U.S. Marine Corps and the U.S. Air Force and test pilot. He is one of only 24 people to have flown to the Moon, having flown as Lunar Module Pilot on Apollo 13.

Ed White​
Ed White​

Ed White (astronaut) ... White died along with astronauts Virgil "Gus" Grissom and Roger B. Chaffee during prelaunch testing for the first manned Apollo mission at ...

Eileen Collins​
Eileen Collins​

Eileen Marie Collins (born November 19, 1956) is a retired NASA astronaut and a retired United States Air Force colonel. A former military instructor and test pilot, Collins was the first female pilot and first female commander of a Space Shuttle.

Scott ​Carpenter​
Scott ​Carpenter​

Malcolm Scott Carpenter (May 1, 1925 – October 10, 2013), (Cmdr, USN), was an American naval officer and aviator, test pilot, aeronautical engineer, astronaut, and aquanaut. He was one of the original seven astronauts selected for NASA's Project Mercury in April 1959.

image: space.com
Barbara ​Morgan​
Barbara ​Morgan​

Barbara Radding Morgan (born November 28, 1951) is an American teacher and a former NASA astronaut. She participated in the Teacher in Space program as backup to Christa McAuliffe for the 1986 ill-fated STS-51-L mission of the Space Shuttle Challenger.

Alan Bean​
Alan Bean​

Alan LaVern Bean (March 15, 1932 – May 26, 2018) was an American naval officer and naval aviator, aeronautical engineer, test pilot, and NASA astronaut; he was the fourth person to walk on the Moon.

Catherine ​Coleman​
Catherine ​Coleman​

Catherine Coleman in the ISS, 2011. Coleman was selected by NASA in 1992 to join the NASA Astronaut Corps. In 1995, she was a member of the STS-73 crew on the scientific mission USML-2 with experiments including biotechnology, combustion science, and the physics of fluids.

Ken Mattingly​
Ken Mattingly​

Thomas Kenneth Mattingly II (born March 17, 1936), (RADM, USN, Ret.), better known as Ken Mattingly, is a former American naval officer and aviator, aeronautical engineer, test pilot, Rear Admiral in the United States Navy and astronaut who flew on the Apollo 16, STS-4 and STS-51-C missions.

Roger B
Roger B

Roger B. Chaffee; NASA astronaut; Nationality: American: Born February 15, 1935 Grand Rapids, Michigan, U.S. Died: January 27, 1967 (aged 31) Cape Kennedy, Florida, U.S.

Judith Resnik​
Judith Resnik​

Judith Arlene Resnik (/ ˈ r ɛ z n ɪ k /; April 5, 1949 – January 28, 1986) was an American engineer and a NASA astronaut who died when the Space Shuttle Challenger was destroyed during the launch of mission STS-51-L. Resnik was the second American female astronaut in space, logging 145 hours in orbit.

Valeri ​Polyakov​
Valeri ​Polyakov​

Valeri Vladimirovich Polyakov (Russian: Валерий Владимирович Поляков, born Valeri Ivanovich Korshunov on April 27, 1942) is a former Russian cosmonaut.

Gherman ​Titov​
Gherman ​Titov​

He was the fourth person in space, counting suborbital voyages of US astronauts Alan Shepard and Gus Grissom. ... Gherman Titov was a gymnastics enthusiast, ...

image: stampsy.com
Marsha Ivins​
Marsha Ivins​

Marsha Sue Ivins (born April 15, 1951) is an American former astronaut and a veteran of five space shuttle missions.

image: tvnz.co.nz
Shannon ​Lucid​
Shannon ​Lucid​

Shannon Matilda Wells Lucid (born January 14, 1943) is an American biochemist and a retired NASA astronaut. At one time, she held the record for the longest duration stay in space by an American, as well as by a woman.

Jack Swigert​
Jack Swigert​

Jack Swigert is an astronaut best known as the command module pilot aboard Apollo 13. But he was thrust into that role by a fluke; the astronaut assigned to that mission had been exposed to the German measles, and NASA decided to quickly reassign Swigert from backup to prime to make sure the mission could go forward.

source: space.com
Tim Peake​
Tim Peake​

Major Timothy Nigel Peake CMG (born 7 April 1972) is a British Army Air Corps officer, European Space Agency astronaut and a former International Space Station (ISS) crew member.

Ronald ​McNair​
Ronald ​McNair​

Ronald Erwin McNair (October 21, 1950 – January 28, 1986) was an American physicist and NASA astronaut. He died during the launch of the Space Shuttle Challenger on mission STS-51-L, in which he was serving as one of three mission specialists.

Eugene ​Cernan​
Eugene ​Cernan​

Cernan is one of only three astronauts to travel to the moon on two occasions; the others being Jim Lovell and John Young. As of 2018, he is also one of only twelve people to have walked on the Moon. Apollo 10 holds the record for the highest speed attained by any manned vehicle at 39,897 km/h (24,791 mph) during its return from the moon on May 26, 1969.

Edgar Mitchell​
Edgar Mitchell​

Edgar Mitchell's memorial in the Treasures of Apollo exhibit at Kennedy Space Center Mitchell died under hospice care in West Palm Beach, Florida, on February 4, 2016, at the age of 85. Mitchell died on the eve of the 45th anniversary of his lunar landing.

Bruce ​McCandless II​
Bruce ​McCandless II​

Bruce McCandless II was a U.S. naval officer and aviator, electrical engineer, and NASA astronaut. In 1984, during the first of his two Space Shuttle missions, he made the first untethered free flight by using the Manned Maneuvering Unit.

image: nasa.gov
David Scott​
David Scott​

David Randolph Scott (born June 6, 1932) (Col, USAF, Ret.) is an American former NASA astronaut, retired U.S. Air Force officer and former test pilot. He belonged to the third group of NASA astronauts, selected in October 1963.

Marc Garneau​
Marc Garneau​

Joseph Jean-Pierre Marc Garneau, PC MP CC CD FCASI (born February 23, 1949) is a Canadian politician and the Minister of Transport in the Government of Canada. He is a retired military officer, former astronaut, and engineer; Garneau was the first Canadian in space taking part in three flights aboard NASA Space shuttles in 1984, 1996 and 2000.

Vladimir ​Komarov​
Vladimir ​Komarov​

Vladimir Mikhaylovich Komarov (Russian: влади́мир миха́йлович комаро́в; IPA:; 16 March 1927 – 24 April 1967) was a Soviet test pilot, aerospace engineer and cosmonaut. In October 1964, he commanded Voskhod 1, the first spaceflight to carry more than one crew member.

image: npr.org
Charles Duke​
Charles Duke​

Charles Duke's voice recorded September 2013 Charles Moss "Charlie" Duke Jr. (born October 3, 1935), (Brig Gen, USAF, Ret.), is an American former astronaut, retired U.S. Air Force officer and test pilot.

John Young​
John Young​

John Young (astronaut) John Watts Young (September 24, 1930 – January 5, 2018) was an American astronaut, naval officer and aviator, test pilot, and aeronautical engineer. He became the ninth person to walk on the Moon as Commander of the Apollo 16 mission in 1972.

William ​Anders​
William ​Anders​

William A. Anders, in full William Alison Anders, (born Oct. 17, 1933, Hong Kong), U.S. astronaut who participated in the Apollo 8 flight (Dec. 21–27, 1968), during which the first manned voyage around the Moon was made.

Andriyan ​Nikolayev​
Andriyan ​Nikolayev​

Nikolayev was also the first person to make a television broadcast from space, in August 1962. Vostok 3 was part the first dual space flight, with Pavel Popovich on Vostok 4. In the early days of space travel, it was usual to place trainee astronauts into isolation chambers to see how long they could last alone.

image: alamy.com
Tracy ​Caldwell Dyson​
Tracy ​Caldwell Dyson​

Tracy Caldwell Dyson (born Tracy Ellen Caldwell; August 14, 1969) is an American chemist and NASA astronaut. Caldwell Dyson was a Mission Specialist on Space Shuttle Endeavour flight STS-118 in August 2007. She was part of the Expedition 24 crew on the International Space Station between April 4, 2010 and September 25, 2010.

image: wn.com