After HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis is the second most common cause of death from infectious disease. Tuberculosis (TB) infection is common in Zambia. Zambia, along with other countries in sub-Saharan Africa, has one of the highest rates of TB infection and is showing an increase in infection rate.
Leptospirosis - bacterial disease that affects animals and humans; infection occurs through contact with water, food, or soil contaminated by animal urine; symptoms include high fever, severe headache, vomiting, jaundice, and diarrhea; untreated, the disease can result in kidney damage, liver failure, meningitis, or respiratory distress; fatality rates are low but left untreated recovery can take months.
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a viral infectious disease involving the central nervous system. The disease most often manifests as meningitis, encephalitis, or meningoencephalitis. Although TBE is most commonly recognized as a neurological disorder, mild fever can also occur.