Delaine Merino History Over 95 percent of the Merinos are smooth or nearly smooth. Although, a few breeders specialize in producing "A" and "B" type Merinos. These are commonly referred to as "heavy types". The "A" type Merino was developed in Vermont through selection and inbreeding. A heavy fleece producing sheep was developed.
Hampshire. History. The Hampshire sheep acquired its name from the agriculture county of Hampshire in Southern England where they were developed. The Hampshire-Down evolved from the mingling of different strains of kindred blood from sheep in co-existence along the borders of Hampshire County.
Dorper. Overview: The Dorper is a South African mutton breed developed in the 1930's from the Dorset Horn and Blackheaded Persian. The breed was developed for the arid extensive regions of South Africa. One of the most fertile of sheep breeds that is hornless with good body length and a short light covering of hair and wool.
The Southdown is best suited for farm flock production. It is a medium to small sized breed with a gray to mouse-brown face and lower legs and is polled (hornless). Southdown are an early maturing breed with good lambing ability and average milk production.
Rambouillet The history of the Rambouillet sheep is a fascinating one that began more than two centuries ago. The Rambouillet breed originated with Spain's famed Merino flocks, which were known from the earliest times as producers of the world's finest wool.
Lincoln The present-day Lincoln is said to be the result of crossing the Leicester and the coarse native sheep of Lincolnshire. Not all breeders cared for the greater refinement and increased quality that Leicester blood introduced, but in the end, market demand resulted in improved carcasses and higher quality wool.
The Cheviot is a distinctive white-faced sheep, with wool-free head and legs, pricked ears, black muzzle and black feet. It is a very alert, active sheep, with a stylish, lively carriage. The Cheviot is a long-wool breed, hornless and of reasonable frame.
The Corriedale is a dual-purpose sheep. It is large-framed, polled with good carcass quality. Although its role has traditionally been to produce premium lambs when mated to sires of meat breeds, the Corriedale is now achieving comparative performance rates with purebred lambs.
Border Leicester Early History of Leicester Sheep Sheep with long, lustrous wool have been in Leicestershire, England since the earliest recorded history of the British Isles and are responsible for the improvement and development of other longwool breeds.
Finnsheep Finnsheep or Finnish Landrace, as they are their native country of Finland, were first imported to North America by the University of Manitoba, Canada in 1966. Since that time, only a few importations have occurred through the U.S. Department of Agriculture (1968) and private breeders in Canada.
Carcass studies of 5 to 7 month old male lambs sent to slaughter show that Barbados Blackbelly lambs have much less body fat than do other comparable sheep breeds. Fat over the ribeye muscle (longissimus dorsi) at the twelfth rib averages 1.5 to 2 mm compared to 5 to 6 mm on similarly reared Suffolk or Dorset crosses.
The Scottish Blackface is an attractive, hardy, old breed whose origins are lost to us. It is likely that the breed developed in the border area of Scotland and England. Monastery records show that monks in the Twelfth Century raised sheep that are the progenitors of the modern Scottish Blackface breed.
The Columbia sheep breed is the first of several breeds of sheep to have been developed in the United States, making it truly All-American. Columbia sheep originated as a result of crossing the Rambouillet and Lincoln in an effort to produce a breed which offered greater quantities of both meat and wool.
Today’s Ryeland is a somewhat bigger-boned sheep than the breed when first developed and is often regarded as primarily a meat breed. Originally, however, it was noted principally for the fineness of its fleece which was unequalled by any other British breed.
After 1825, Cotswold breeders started to select sheep for larger size, a part of which the breed had lost, and for heavier fleeces. The Cotswold in the United States and Canada. The first Cotswold imported into the United States of which there is a record was brought over in 1832.
The breed society for the Shetland Islands is the Shetland Flock Book Society. On the mainland UK the Shetland Sheep Breeders Group (SSBG) act as the breed society and also have foreign members (mainly US). Both groups are based on the breed standard set in the 1920s.
The first animals were imported from Germany to South Africa in 1932 by the Department of Agriculture to improve the quality of wool and meat from sheep in South Africa. The breed was recognised in 1971 when the name was changed to South African Mutton Merino.
Romanov hair sheep can breed at various times of the year and offer farmers advanced reproductive maturity, meaning that Romanov ewes cycle at a young age and Romanov rams are able to fertilize large groups of ewes at an earlier age than many other breeds.
In 1932 this island was evacuated and, in 1932, 107 Soay sheep (20 rams, 44 ewes, 22 ram lambs and 21 ewe lambs) were brought from the island of Soay and released. The Soay are small framed, good legs and a fleece varying from light to dark brown and sheds naturally in the summer.
Navajo-Churro sheep are descended from the Churra, an ancient Iberian breed. Although secondary to the Merino, the Churra (later corrupted to "Churro" by American frontiersmen) was prized by the Spanish for its remarkable hardiness, adaptability and fecundity. The Churra was the very first breed of domesticated sheep in the New World.
The Wensleydale is a breed of domestic sheep that originated in the Wensleydale region of North Yorkshire, England Possessing a blue–grey face, the breed was developed in the 19th century by crossing English Leicester and Teeswater sheep. One of the largest and heaviest of all sheep breeds, the Wensleydale has long, ringlet-like locks of wool.
The Lacaune sheep is a breed of domestic sheep from France. It was originated from the near area of Lacaune in southern France. And it was named for it’s origin place. It is mainly a dairy sheep breed, and most widely used as dairying sheep breed in France. And it is the predominant breed of sheep used for Roquefort cheese production in France.
St. Croix Sheep Breed Information The St. Croix sheep breed originated in the Virgin Islands and as a result it is sometimes referred to as the Virgin Island White. These sheep are typically white in color, though there are known variations such as light brown, tan and black or white with black or brown spots - the breed standard calls for the St. Croix to be white.
Ile de France The Ile de France is the result of crossing the English Leicester and the Rambouillet. The breed was originally known as the Dishley Merino. The breed is widespread in France and was introduced to Great Britain in the 1970's. The breed is wide and thick set. Both sexes are polled.