The bodhrán is one of the most basic of drums and as such it is similar to the frame drums distributed widely across northern Africa from the Middle East, and has cognates in instruments used for Arabic music and the musical traditions of the Mediterranean region (see Music of North Africa, Music of Greece etc.).
In Spanish the larger drum is called the hembra and the smaller the macho . Together with the conga or tumbadora, and to a lesser extent the batá drum, bongos are the most widespread Cuban hand drums, being commonly played in genres such as son cubano, salsa and Afro-Cuban jazz. A bongo drummer is known as a bongosero.
The conga, also known as tumbadora, is a tall, narrow, single-headed drum from Cuba. Congas are staved like barrels and classified into three types: quinto (lead drum, highest), tres dos or tres golpes (middle), and tumba or salidor (lowest).
A damaru (Tamil: உடுக்கை; Sanskrit: ḍamaru; Tibetan ཌཱ་མ་རུ; Devanagari: डमरु) or damru is a small two-headed drum, used in Hinduism and Tibetan Buddhism. In Hinduism, the damru is known as the instrument of the deity Shiva, and is said to be created by Shiva to produce spiritual sounds by which the whole ...
Darbuka drums appear to be a more modern variation of the doumbek. Still goblet-shaped, a darbuka drum is smaller than a doumbek (9-16 inches tall) and is almost always made from metals like copper or aluminum. However, darbuka drums have a drum head that is easier to access than a doumbek. The lugs and rim of the drum are exposed on the outside of the drum, allowing for an easier time with tuning and replacement. This also means that the drum itself has a much sharper sound when hit at the rim.
The dhol is a double-sided barrel drum played mostly as an accompanying instrument in regional music forms. In qawwali music, the term dhol is used to describe a similar, but smaller drum used with the smaller tabla, as a replacement for the left hand tabla drum.
A djembe or jembe (/ ˈ dʒ ɛ m b eɪ / JEM-bay; from Malinke jembe) is a rope-tuned skin-covered goblet drum played with bare hands, originally from West Africa. According to the Bambara people in Mali, the name of the djembe comes from the saying "Anke djé, anke bé" which translates to "everyone gather together in peace" and defines the drum's purpose.
Percussion, pony drum, jun-jun drum, balafon, korlegonor, djembe, bunte, gome, blekete, dumbek, frame drums, khamak, dubki, dhol, khol, darbuka, kanjira tambourine, dun-dun, bendir, dhollo, def, tablas, davul, ia, itotele, udu-drum, ocarina-udu, zilla-drum, congas, talking drum, hoshso, bougarabou, bakdav drum, hi-hat, toms, mbira, oprente, kpanlogo, percussion, drum kit, ngoma, cajon percussion, drum machine, drum loops, balafon, tar, bells.
The Madal (Nepali: मादल), is used mainly for rhythm-keeping in Nepalese folk music, is the most popular and widely used as hand drum in Nepal. The Madal consists of a cylindrical body with a slight bulge at its center and heads at both ends, one head larger than the other.
The Mridangam/ Tannumai is a percussion instrument from India of ancient origin. It is the primary rhythmic accompaniment in a Carnatic music ensemble, and in Dhrupad, where it is known as Pakhawaj. During a percussion ensemble, the mridangam is often accompanied by the ghatam, kanjira, and morsing.
Two drums are covered by cowhide, though in the past boarhide was used. The skin is tightened on the drums by bands made of cow tendon. Desarkutan: played with two wooden drumsticks. The length of the drumsticks is 25-27 cm. The thicker drumstick is used to play on the larger drum.
The pakhawaj or mridang is an Indian barrel-shaped, two-headed drum, a variant and descendant of the older mridang. It is the standard percussion instrument in the dhrupad style and is used as an accompaniment for various forms of music and dance performances. The pakhavaj has a low, mellow tone, very rich in harmonics.
(deep steel or aluminum (sometimes painted or chromed) cylindrical Drum, with double plastic skin, from 8 to 12 " diameter, played with one stick and a bare hand or two sticks, in samba-reggae). The repinique (also called "repique") is a medium size drum, usually played by the head of the batucada ("mestre de bateria").
Types of African Drums. This is another broad family of hand drums, so let’s look at some of the most well-known drums. Djembe: The djembe is a very popular hand drum from West Africa. It may be rope-tuned or mechanically tuned (Westernized). They may have goatskin heads (shaved or not) or synthetic heads.
These drums are best known for the sound of the Samba, but can also be found in many other genres of music from rock to reggae. Brazilian drums include the Repinque, Surdo, Pandiero, Caixa and Tambourim, among others, each with its own unique sound, style and purpose within Brazilian music.
The tabor is beaten on the snare side. In Spain, a deep drum is used for a tabor by pipe and taborers, and in England a shallow tom tom is sometimes used, although medieval icons of pipe and tabor usually display a large shallow tabor similar in shape to a bodhrán.
Goblet-shaped drums are played in different regions of Asia, Eastern Europe and Africa. Although similarities exist among all goblet drums, the techniques for playing the tonbak are different from most other goblet drums. The modern tonbak described in this page is most closely associated with the music of Iran.
Water drums are a category of membranophone characterized by the filling of the drum chamber with some amount of water to create a unique resonant sound. Water drums are used all over the world, including American Indian music, and are made of various materials, with a membrane stretched over a hard body such as a metal, clay, or wooden pot.