Absences from work. If you are absent from work because of gender reassignment, your employer cannot treat you worse than you would be treated if you were off: due to an illness or injury. For example your employer cannot pay you less than you would have received if you were off sick; due to some other reason.
Discrimination because of something connected to your disability can sometimes be lawful. If there’s a good enough reason for treating you unfavourably Sometimes it’s not unlawful discrimination if someone treats you unfavourably because of something connected to your disability.
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) forbids age discrimination against people who are age 40 or older. It does not protect workers under the age of 40, although some states have laws that protect younger workers from age discrimination.
Genetic Information Discrimination. Title II of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA), which prohibits genetic information discrimination in employment, took effect on November 21, 2009. Under Title II of GINA, it is illegal to discriminate against employees or applicants because of genetic information.
To justify age discrimination the employer would have to show they have a good enough business reason for discriminating against you. The Equality Act calls this a legitimate aim. The employer can't just say they have a good business reason for discriminating against you, they must be able to show it.
Disability Discrimination. Disability discrimination occurs when an employer or other entity covered by the Americans with Disabilities Act, as amended, or the Rehabilitation Act, as amended, treats a qualified individual with a disability who is an employee or applicant unfavorably because she has a disability. Learn more about the Act at ADA at 25.
Race/Color Discrimination Race discrimination involves treating someone (an applicant or employee) unfavorably because he/she is of a certain race or because of personal characteristics associated with race (such as hair texture, skin color, or certain facial features).