Anemia of chronic disease, as this condition is known, does not usually require treatment. Injections of a synthetic hormone, epoetin alfa (Epogen or Procrit), to stimulate the production of blood cells or blood transfusions may be necessary in some people with this form of anemia.
Anemia, a condition in which the blood is either low in total volume or is deficient in red blood cells or hemoglobin, can occur for several reasons. Among the more serious causes of anemia are bone marrow diseases. One bone marrow disease, bone cancer, may be the result of a malignant tumor of the ...
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetic disorder that ultimately leads to bone marrow failure. Your bone marrow is responsible for making three different types of blood cells in your body. These include red blood cells, which bring oxygen to your tissues and organs, white blood cells, which fight infections, and platelets, which promote blood clotting to stop bleeding.
Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia, and it occurs when your body doesn’t have enough of the mineral iron. Your body needs iron to make hemoglobin. When there isn’t enough iron in your blood stream, the rest of your body can’t get the amount of oxygen it needs.
Other chronic diseases, such as cancer, infection, lupus, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis; Old age Anemia Caused by Destruction of Red Blood Cells When red blood cells are fragile and cannot withstand the routine stress of the circulatory system, they may rupture prematurely, causing hemolytic anemia.
Pernicious anemia is a rare condition, with a prevalence of .1 percent in the general population and 1.9 percent in people who are older than 60 years, according to the Journal of Blood Medicine. This type of anemia is called “pernicious” because it was once considered a deadly disease.
Sickle cell anemia, or sickle cell disease (SCD), is a genetic disease of the red blood cells (RBCs). Normally, RBCs are shaped like discs, which gives them the flexibility to travel through even the smallest blood vessels. However, with this disease, the RBCs have an abnormal crescent shape resembling a sickle.
There are three different types of thalassemia and four subtypes that can vary in symptoms and severity. Treatments include blood transfusions and a bone marrow transplant. Thalassemia is a blood disorder in which the body makes an abnormal form of hemoglobin.