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Types of Antibacterial

Aminoglycosides
Aminoglycosides

What are Aminoglycosides? Aminoglycosides are a class of antibiotics used mainly in the treatment of aerobic gram-negative bacilli infections, although they are also effective against other bacteria including Staphylococci and Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

source: drugs.com
Amoxicillin/Clavulanic Acid#
Amoxicillin/Clavulanic Acid#

Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, also known as co-amoxiclav, is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. It is a combination consisting of amoxicillin, a β-lactam antibiotic, and potassium clavulanate, a β-lactamase inhibitor.

Ampicillin/Flucloxacillin
Ampicillin/Flucloxacillin

Flucloxacillin is commercially available as the sodium salt flucloxacillin sodium, in capsules (250 or 500 mg), oral suspensions (125 mg/5 ml or 250 mg/5 ml), and injections (powder for reconstitution, 250, 500 and 1000 mg per vial). Indications. Flucloxacillin is indicated for the treatment of infections caused by susceptible bacteria.

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Ampicillin/Sulbactam (Sultamicillin)
Ampicillin/Sulbactam (Sultamicillin)

The recommended adult dose of ampicillin/sulbactam is 1.5 grams (1g ampicillin sodium plus 0.5g sulbactam sodium) to 3.0 grams (2g ampicillin sodium plus 1g sulbactam sodium) every six hours. In pediatric patients, the dose is based on body weight and is recommended at 300 mg per kilogram of body weight per day.

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Beta-Lactams
Beta-Lactams

Inhibition of cross-linkage by β-lactams causes a build-up of peptidoglycan ... This is a benefit over clavulanic acid and similar beta-lactam competitors, ...

Cefoperazone/Sulbactam
Cefoperazone/Sulbactam

Sulbactam is a semisynthetic beta-lactamase inhibitor which, in combination with ampicillin, extends the antibacterial activity of the latter to include some beta-lactamase-producing strains of bacteria that would otherwise be resistant.

Ceftazidime/Avibactam
Ceftazidime/Avibactam

Ceftazidime/avibactam (CAZ-AVI) is a fixed-dose combination drug containing an antibiotic—3rd generation cephalosporin ceftazidime and a novel non-β-lactam β-lactamase inhibitor avibactam. It was approved for use in the United States in February 2015, and is sold under the brand name Avycaz, marketed by Allergan.

Ceftolozane/Tazobactam
Ceftolozane/Tazobactam

Ceftolozane/tazobactam (Zerbaxa®) is a new cephalosporin combined with a familiar beta-lactamase inhibitor that has recently been marketed for the treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections and complicated urinary tract infections.

source: medscape.com
image: medscape.com
Cephalosporins Such as Cephalexin (Keflex)
Cephalosporins Such as Cephalexin (Keflex)

Keflex (cephalexin) is a cephalosporin (SEF a low spor in) antibiotic. It works by fighting bacteria in your body. Keflex is used to treat infections caused by bacteria, including upper respiratory infections, ear infections, skin infections, and urinary tract infections. Keflex may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

source: drugs.com
Fluoroquinolones
Fluoroquinolones

Fluoroquinolones are antibiotics that are commonly used to treat a variety of illnesses such as respiratory and urinary tract infections. These medicines include ciprofloxacin , gemifloxacin (Factive), levofloxacin , moxifloxacin , norfloxacin , and ofloxacin .

source: webmd.com
Fluoroquinolones Such as Ciprofolxacin
Fluoroquinolones Such as Ciprofolxacin

Among the most common prescribed antibiotics in the U.S. that can cause severe side effects are fluoroquinolones, such as Cipro, Avelox, and Levaquin. Among the most common prescribed antibiotics in the U.S. that can cause severe side effects are fluoroquinolones, such as Cipro, Avelox, and Levaquin.

Imipenem/Cilastatin#
Imipenem/Cilastatin#

Imipenem/cilastatin, sold under the brand name Primaxin among others, is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. It is made from a combination of imipenem and cilastatin. Specifically it is used for pneumonia, sepsis, endocarditis, joint infections, intra-abdominal infections, and urinary tract infections.

Macrolides
Macrolides

Macrolides mainly affect gram-positive cocci and intracellular pathogens such as mycoplasma, chlamydia, and legionella. Erythromycin was the first macrolide discovered; other macrolides include azithromycin, clarithromycin, and roxithromycin.

source: drugs.com
Macrolides Such as Erythromycin (E
Macrolides Such as Erythromycin (E

Macrolides mainly affect gram-positive cocci and intracellular pathogens such as mycoplasma, chlamydia, and legionella. Erythromycin was the first macrolide discovered; other macrolides include azithromycin, clarithromycin, and roxithromycin.

source: drugs.com
Penicillins Such as Penicillin and Amoxicillin
Penicillins Such as Penicillin and Amoxicillin

if a patient who has been administered a penicillin antibiotic develops clostridium ... skin such as dog ... what group of penicillin antibiotics is also ...

source: quizlet.com
Piperacillin/Tazobactam
Piperacillin/Tazobactam

Piperacillin and tazobactam are penicillin antibiotics that fight bacteria in the body. Piperacillin and tazobactam is a combination medicine used to treat many different infections caused by bacteria, such as urinary tract infections, bone and joint infections, severe vaginal infections, stomach infections, skin infections, and pneumonia.

source: drugs.com
Tetracyclines
Tetracyclines

Tetracyclines also have been found to inhibit matrix metalloproteinases. This mechanism does not add to their antibiotic effects, but has led to extensive research on chemically modified tetracyclines or CMTs (like incyclinide) for the treatment of rosacea, acne, diabetes and various types of neoplasms.

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